An independent group of women’s rights activists founded the Bidarzani Collective in Iran in 2012. The collective initially consisted of thirteen members who saw the urgent need to respond to a new anti–women’s rights bill that the Iranian parliament was reviewing.1 The bill was framed as “family protection,” though if passed it would have significantly restricted Iranian women’s access to family planning programs, women’s health programs, higher education, and job opportunities. The collective carried out a diverse set of on-the-ground and digital activities (see bidarzani.com) to publicize and discuss the bill and its adverse effects on women’s lives. Consequently, the collective was initially named Toward Equal Family Laws. It was later renamed Bidarzani, the Persian equivalent of “feminism,” because group activities include but are not limited to the domain of law and legal feminism. Bidarzani currently...

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