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torture

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Published: 01 January 2024
Figure 6. Goya, The Torture of the Dandy , from the “Magic Mirror” series. © Archivo Fotográfico Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid. More
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2015) 45 (1): 103–130.
Published: 01 January 2015
... of Francesco Casoni (1500–1564) on these themes. Casoni emerges as critical of certain traditional assumptions and was deliberate in his rethinking about how judges might read the body, basing his ideas on the careful study of Cicero and Quintilian. Casoni became skeptical about the use of torture as part...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (1): 33–56.
Published: 01 January 2024
... on their own personal arbitrium (discretion) in deciding whether to remand defendants to torture or sentence them to the gallows. Drawing not only on Aristotelian logic and classical rhetorical theory but also on the works of contemporary philosophers, Casoni used his dialogue to lay out a rigorous...
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Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2020) 50 (2): 349–375.
Published: 01 May 2020
...David Aers; Sarah Beckwith; Daniel Jütte This article explores the trauma that early modern witchcraft trials inflicted on survivors and their communities. The point of departure is the case of Margareth Los, a widow accused of witchcraft in 1520s Württemberg. Subjected to brutal torture, Los...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2020) 50 (2): 269–291.
Published: 01 May 2020
... is shuttled to-and-fro between parties as various antagonists attempt to reduce the saint to the status of an object. While superficially victorious, the saints finally fall prey to the binary logic of hagiography: to triumph over interrogation, torture, and death, the saint ultimately sacrifices her own...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (2): 271–298.
Published: 01 May 2024
...Bernardo S. Hinojosa In the fifteenth‐century Play of the Sacrament , a group of Jewish men torture a consecrated wafer, seeking to prove or disprove the Real Presence. The play juxtaposes their misguided empiricism, rooted in stereotypes about the literalism of Jewish reading...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2016) 46 (2): 289–314.
Published: 01 May 2016
... for the safety of the mother and child acts as a protection from demons whose mischief was thought to cause deformities in birth.22 In the later Rawlinson rendering, while most of the torture scenes are excised, the saint’s prayers are not abbreviated, suggesting that the compiler valued this aspect...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2022) 52 (3): 415–443.
Published: 01 September 2022
... in that year the playwright and torturer Thomas Norton translated Calvin's Institutes into English. Eleven best-selling editions followed between 1561 and 1634, with three abridged editions between 1585 and 1587. 17 This is what English readers read there: That therefore which the Scripture clerely...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (1): 113–135.
Published: 01 January 2024
..., particularly at a time when the boundary between mind and body was viewed as porous and permeable. This was also a time when emotions were seen to have physical consequences, and this belief played a key role in witchcraft cases. 2 Torture was employed precisely because pain was understood as the means...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2022) 52 (3): 445–482.
Published: 01 September 2022
... insists that the satisfaction demanded by the Father in his “justice” could not have been mere physical torture and death; had Christ suffered “only” [tantum] physical pain, his expression of anguish and fear in the garden at Gethsemane would have proven him more “unmanly” [molliorem] and fearful than...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2014) 44 (3): 531–548.
Published: 01 September 2014
..., member of a staunchly recusant family and known for bravely defend- ing her Catholic faith, finally crumbled, very possibly having been raped while in prison. She betrayed the Jesuit Robert Southwell, bore the child of probable rapist, priest-­hunter, and infamous torturer Richard Topcliffe...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2016) 46 (2): 315–337.
Published: 01 May 2016
... and propriety of dramatic activity itself; as Derrick Hig- ginbotham writes, it “focuses on impersonation as both potentially unscru- pulous and earnest.”5 Framing the play’s central story of the Jews’ testing and thus torturing of the Communion wafer in a parody of the Passion with the story...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2001) 31 (3): 561–584.
Published: 01 September 2001
.... What becomes for these poets the central subject of the Passion, then, is not the tortured body of Jesus but rather the ethical, intellectual, and finally emotional difficulty of 562 Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies / 31.3 / 2001 accepting unequivocally the extravagant mercy achieved...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (1): 9–32.
Published: 01 January 2024
..., physiognomy was an integral part of legal procedure. 9 Physiognomic observation belonged to the evidence and clues that were left to the judge's “arbitrium” or discretion. In particular, it was listed among clues on the basis of which a judge could order torture. 10 Physiognomy had been part...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2012) 42 (2): 269–305.
Published: 01 May 2012
... described in these tales were long dead Christians subjected to interrogation, torture, temptation, and eventually death at the hands of pagan Romans. Medieval stories about these martyrs changed, of course, as they were told and retold over the cen- turies; they changed, too, in translation...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (1): 137–163.
Published: 01 January 2024
... in proper legal procedure and effective techniques for the conduct of trials, judicial torture, and the adjudication of crimes. 1 For Bouvet, judges were like “half-Gods on earth,” responsible for possessing all the qualities and knowledge necessary “to never be subject to error, and always maintain...
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Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (2): 245–269.
Published: 01 May 2024
... began in Athanasius's Vita Antonii and later continued in several male saints’ lives in the Legenda aurea . The gender reversal within chapter 59 results in a diabolical seduction scene that is almost absurdly resistible and ineffectual at tempting Margery Kempe, even as it is effective in torturing...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2020) 50 (2): 293–321.
Published: 01 May 2020
..., save the kangaroo court that doomed Suffolk and the judgment that sealed Per- cy s fate. No spectacle united the public in a cathartic reaffirmation of the rule of law. Regarding official rituals of torture, John R. Decker has sum- marized the common view: The tortured bodies of miscreants provided...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2003) 33 (2): 281–309.
Published: 01 May 2003
...); they then, in the spirit of test, stab the Host as it lies on a table and inflict the five wounds of Christ—reenacting the buffeting and torture of Christ from the cycle plays (441–76). As Jonathas gives the fifth wound, in the center, the Host begins to bleed. Jonathas calls for help. He tries to throw the Host...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2016) 46 (3): 545–554.
Published: 01 September 2016
... aspects of the late medieval church about which he knows very well (e.g., the introduction of judicial torture in the thirteenth century in pursuit of heretics, or the development and promotion of papal absolutism from the beginning of the same century).4 The Albigensian Crusade squeaks a mention...