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personality types

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Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (1): 57–87.
Published: 01 January 2024
... fate personality types If “Aristotle favored physiognomy, chiromancy, and the interpretation of dreams, and Ptolemy and Galen [pursued] astronomy,” Girolamo Cardano asserts in his De sapientia (1544) that he is “the first to address metoposcopy,” the early modern divinatory practice that reads...
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Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2009) 39 (3): 619–641.
Published: 01 September 2009
...Margaret F. Rosenthal The album amicorum , or album of friends, is a singular visual example of early modern travelers' fascination with swiftly changing fashions, regional customs, family lineage, and manuscript decoration. A type of souvenir scrapbook, the album amicorum preserves in its pages...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2009) 39 (1): 31–42.
Published: 01 January 2009
... face yee Jewes,” Donne even dares to imagine himself in Christ’s place on the cross.33 Donne himself confirms his personal experience of this type of meditation in the expostulation for section XVI of his Devotions upon Emergent Occasions: We cannot, wee cannot, O my God, take in too...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2000) 30 (3): 575–599.
Published: 01 September 2000
... and Yeoman are “much more at the service of a concept than free embodiments of social types.”31 But I think the peculiarity of the Yeoman’s social situation makes him a fully vis- ible and complex person, perhaps even a “world-historical individual,” in Georg...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2004) 34 (1): 95–146.
Published: 01 January 2004
... no relation to an actual object, and no thing in the world begins without beginning in and from something other than itself ).9 Style is also taken as a standard against which to measure individuality and innovation and as an index of the personality of an individual producer or the broad outlook...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2008) 38 (1): 57–78.
Published: 01 January 2008
... it lies in the courage of its people, no matter where they may be.15 From the perspective of Sulla, the tyrant Pompey’s embassy under- scores the great risk of personalized diplomatic representation of the type favored in Renaissance writing on the topic, where highly placed nobles...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2020) 50 (1): 75–94.
Published: 01 January 2020
... depended on particular types of traffic physical, textual, personal focused on specific networks and nodal points which criss- cross early modern Europe, transecting other networks and kinds of identities. The context of mid- seventeenth- century Antwerp is a crucible for these kinds of exchanges...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2003) 33 (2): 311–334.
Published: 01 May 2003
....” That is not strictly accu- rate, given the existence of the indulgentia perennis in Langland’s day, the idea being that a person could gain a pardon as often as he or she visited a given church, there being no set time-limit. (This sort of indulgence came to be known as the toties-quoties type.) Discussing...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2009) 39 (3): 545–570.
Published: 01 September 2009
... between clothing and fluctuating fashions is the association of clothing with change of all kinds — with the Fall; with social and political mobility; with novel, often imported fabrics, embroideries, shapes, and colors; with new styles and designs. For a person “to change,” as we say...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2007) 37 (1): 97–139.
Published: 01 January 2007
... to the sultans, these figures are generic types — centurion, janissary, court gardener, treasurer, night guard, city cleaner (fig. 1, for example) — whose profession or trade is indicated by the cut and color of the vestments, headdress, tools of trade, and label. Otto- man attire adhered to strict rules...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2008) 38 (3): 467–491.
Published: 01 September 2008
.... The letter features rhetoric that broadly typifies the literate culture of the Republic of Letters, borrowing freely from its wide range of forms of expression. Undoubtedly, Don Fer- nando José de Zuloeta — to call the sick woman’s husband by his name — is drawing from his personal stock of linguistic...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2009) 39 (3): 483–509.
Published: 01 September 2009
... more on their clothing than any other type of moveable goods, including paintings, household furnishings, or silverware. Given the sophistication of domestic accounting practices, this has left us with an unparalleled degree of infor- mation about the circumstances in which clothing was bought...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2003) 33 (3): 471–492.
Published: 01 September 2003
... starting point, it must be emphasized, is the almost total lack of rhetorical or literary interest shown for this type of writ- ing in late antiquity and Byzantium; indeed, one might even say that it is usually treated with a degree of repugnance and embarrassment. This may be hard to understand, given...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2001) 31 (1): 57–78.
Published: 01 January 2001
... black, mixed, or multiracial. This definition of race according to blood percentage, based on antiquated—and historically pejorative—notions of a “pure type,” was alien to antiquity. Late Roman society would describe this child as decolore “dark” or “swarthy.”4...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2020) 50 (1): 13–31.
Published: 01 January 2020
... lived up to these expectations: after his arrival in the Low Countries, he reported frequently about the preparatory maneuvers by Alex- ander Farnese to besiege the city of Antwerp in letters addressed to influen- tial Roman family members.4 The type of information considered worthy of attention...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2008) 38 (3): 443–465.
Published: 01 September 2008
..., the one hun- dred and eight members of the company all survived except for four, and they, especially three, were already “feeble, weake and sickly persons before ever they came hither” (sig. F3v).26 This type of argument was used by other writers to demonstrate the healthiness of the new colonies...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2023) 53 (2): 323–345.
Published: 01 May 2023
... Margery as an inhabitable avatar for her reader, a “creature” analogous to the allegorical character Mankind, allowing her to dramatize, enforce, and legitimize her lesson of personal salvation. More specifically, I argue that Kempe is a witness to performances that prefigured and resembled what would...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2015) 45 (3): 557–571.
Published: 01 September 2015
... to sacred and prophetic knowledge. Indeed, the sortes entail a type of reading Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies 45:3, September 2015 DOI 10.1215/10829636-3149167  © 2015 by Duke University Press that relies on “being led” by the text itself, assigning a magical...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2024) 54 (1): 9–32.
Published: 01 January 2024
... equating to types of human character. Ingegneri's incorporation of artistic criteria can readily be seen in what he states, for example, about a “deformed face” [facia deforme], a sign that a person possesses a “bad nature” [mala natura]. 84 Beauty, writes Ingegneri, consists of an appropriate...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (2004) 34 (1): 197–224.
Published: 01 January 2004
... on a hierarchy of male over female.1 And in China as elsewhere, the image of male-female hierarchy was frequently deployed as a symbol or metaphor for political and other types of power relations, as we shall see fur- ther below. The meaning of the term empire in the Chinese context is far less...