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merchant

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Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2010) 40 (1): 89–117.
Published: 01 January 2010
...Heather Hirschfeld This essay explores the penitential structure of Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice in the context of the Reformation reorientation of human agency in matters of atonement. It suggests that the Protestant attack on the Roman sacrament of penance resulted, for both sides of the...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2013) 43 (1): 99–120.
Published: 01 January 2013
...Donovan Sherman This essay reads Shakespeare’s The Merchant of Venice as a manifestation of early modern England’s anxiety over the soul. As something both essential and unrepresentable, the soul existed in the popular imagination as potentially monstrous or divine, distanced from both the body and...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 May 2016) 46 (2): 315–337.
Published: 01 May 2016
...Christina M. Fitzgerald The Croxton Play of the Sacrament paradoxically enacts anxieties about the propriety of Passion drama. Framing the play's central action—the Jews' testing of the Communion wafer in a parody of the Passion—with the story of a Christian merchant who enables or even sponsors...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2009) 39 (3): 459–481.
Published: 01 September 2009
... how merchants, diplomats, humanists, artists, mendicants, pilgrims, itinerant artisans, and laborers viewed their world and moved within it. a Cultures of Clothing in Later Medieval and Early Modern Europe...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2009) 39 (3): 483–509.
Published: 01 September 2009
... silk merchants and as agents purchasing goods on behalf of others. Buying clothing was also a strongly gendered pursuit, shaped by contemporary views of women's domestic roles. Despite the influence exercised by consumers, members of the clothing trade played a significant part in promoting change in...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2011) 41 (3): 459–462.
Published: 01 September 2011
...John Jeffries Martin This special issue investigates some of the ways in which Judaism, Christianity, and Islam — the three major religions of the medieval and early modern Mediterranean — intersected one another. Focusing variously on travelers, runaways, merchants, missionaries, and warriors, the...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2013) 43 (1): 71–98.
Published: 01 January 2013
... the ideal site to explore this jettisoning of materiality, maternal origin, and all reminders of death and decay. In particular, the essay examines moments of the abject’s revelation in Shakespeare’s Merchant of Venice and Middleton’s Revenger’s Tragedy , contending that the discovery space is one way...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2013) 43 (3): 473–485.
Published: 01 September 2013
... century, the period that witnessed artisans’ greatest influence, their identity was largely relational, defining itself from and against those who shared overlapping interests: merchants, waged laborers, and women. In addition, the premodern period saw important shifts in the epistemological status of...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2007) 37 (1): 75–95.
Published: 01 January 2007
... passive in its relation- ship to the dynamic commercial matrix that linked Europe to the rest of the world, but by the 1570s, with the domestic scene stabilizing under the rule of Elizabeth I, English merchants were able to reassert themselves in new ways in the Atlantic, in the Mediterranean, and...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 May 2007) 37 (2): 335–371.
Published: 01 May 2007
... Nobylyte (ca. 1525), John Heywood sides with a small-producing plowman and a humanist philosopher against a knight and a merchant. Late Tudor “aristo-capitalism” integrated an imperial and capitalist aristoc- racy with its non-noble functionaries and the laborers they aimed to exploit more...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2007) 37 (1): 163–195.
Published: 01 January 2007
... of Smyrna, and a Cypriot merchant — the strange power of her beauty driving each to murder or other acts of malfeasance in order to possess her. Eventually, in Famagusta, she is recognized by one of her father’s former retainers, who returns her to the sultan and supplies her with a cover...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2004) 34 (3): 611–642.
Published: 01 September 2004
..., trade crises and depression were thought to result from a shortage of coin, and the blame naturally fell on foreign trade, particularly on the East India Com- pany’s controversial export of large quantities of silver to pay for its imports. In the 1620s, leading merchants testifi ed to a...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2013) 43 (3): 679–681.
Published: 01 September 2013
... Crowns, 1603 – 1607  393 – 417 Sheerin, Brian The Substance of Shadows: Imagination and Credit Culture in Volpone  369 – 391 Sherman, Donovan Governing the Wolf: Soul and Space in The Merchant of Venice  99 – 120 Smith, Bruce R. Taking the Measure of Global Space  25 – 48 Weisser...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2017) 47 (1): 167–192.
Published: 01 January 2017
... suggests, they had tremendous opportunities — but also faced considerable dangers. II Around 1570, the lands along the mouth of the Pasig River on the island of Luzon were inhabited by several thousand people — mostly Tagalogs and recently arrived Muslim merchants and missionaries — living in...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2013) 43 (3): 521–544.
Published: 01 September 2013
... example, the Benedictine tradition.5 Within the social composition of Italian and French towns, artisans, retail merchants, and shopkeepers comprised the middle classes.6 Artisans did not always form a part of the urban oligar- chy, which in most cases was open only to those not obliged to perform...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2001) 31 (3): 607–658.
Published: 01 September 2001
... homo faber, to a different conception of the relationship between mankind and nature. In Le Goff’s view this shift is closely connected to the culture of merchants, a culture that, due to the stimulus of the circulation of money, is dominated by quantification: Time is rationalized because it can be...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 September 2002) 32 (3): 519–542.
Published: 01 September 2002
... castle in the air or a crass material luxury. The glass mirror is thus quite literally a conceit, since conceit denoted not only an inventive rhetorical trope, but also a fancy article or trifle. Thomas Starkey, for instance, writes of “merchants which carry out things necessary and bring in again...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2009) 39 (1): 65–94.
Published: 01 January 2009
... celebrating his wedding to Margaret of York, aiding Hercules in his Twelve Labors.) At Leadenhall, the Italian merchants had built a genealogical tree sprouting from a figure of John of Gaunt, showing that he was a common ancestor of both sovereigns, Catherine of Aragon, and Charles the Bold. This...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 May 2006) 36 (2): 291–319.
Published: 01 May 2006
... Modern Studies / 36.2 / 2006 dals on a flag carried by a company of Franciscan friars and black belts on the flag of some Augustinians. Similarly, other flags identify the pope and his supporters, more friars, and a great many merchant guilds. By contrast with this assortment, the description of...
Journal Article
Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies (1 January 2010) 40 (1): 1–5.
Published: 01 January 2010
... the serious games made possible when a player’s live experience is granted real authority. Heather Hirschfeld’s essay engages the legal, monetary, and peni- tential economies in The Merchant of Venice, and explores their mutual dependence on the term satisfaction to describe both...