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surplus

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Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 October 2004) 29 (4-5): 907–924.
Published: 01 October 2004
.... Altman, S. H. 1984 . The Growing Physician Surplus:Will It Benefit or Bankrupt the U.S. Health System? In The Coming Physician Surplus: In Search of Public Policy , ed. E. Ginzberg and M. Ostow. Totowa, NJ: Rowman and Allanheld. Anderson, G. F., U. E. Reinhardt, P. S. Hussey, and V. Petrosyan. 2003...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1988) 13 (3): 547–564.
Published: 01 June 1988
...Cyril F. Chang; Howard P. Tuckman This paper explores the profits of not-for-profit (NFP) hospitals and identifies the factors that determine whether such profits are adequate. A model which relates hospital charges to surpluses is used to derive NFP surplus from gross patient charges and operating...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1984) 9 (2): 237–250.
Published: 01 April 1984
... total margin of 3.7 percent and a financial stress rate of 16 percent. Their relatively low proportion of care to privately-insured patients meant that providers heavily involved in serving the poor were less able than others to generate a financial surplus from patient care. Revenues from...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1977) 2 (3): 300–303.
Published: 01 June 1977
... put some restrictions on them. When foundations work in an area, they usually work toward goals set by capitalists, not by society as a whole. Foundations emerged in this country when the surpluses created in certain industries exceeded the amount which could be reinvested. Rather...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1987) 12 (2): 325–342.
Published: 01 April 1987
... in medical research, education, and care to the poor. Table 1. Characteristics of COTH Hospitals” by Ownership, Degree of Affiliation with Medical School, and Financial Surplus,b 1982 Public Hospitals Private Flagship Hospitals‘ Private Affiliated Hospitalsd Surplus...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1982) 7 (2): 407–420.
Published: 01 April 1982
... after a series of federal rulings imposing increasingly narrow interpretations of the term “cost” that hospitds seemed to turn against cost-based reimbursement. The point is that a cost-based reimbursement formula could be (and even has been) constructed to permit hospitals an operating surplus...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1990) 15 (2): 319–339.
Published: 01 April 1990
... surplus goods to households has been resurrected as an important facet of federal food policy. Although the ability of surplus disposal efforts to relieve price-depressing farm surpluses found favor with farmers and farm policymakers, its success in alle- viating nutritional distress has...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1979) 4 (2): 142–154.
Published: 01 April 1979
... out that it equaled about 85 percent of the combined surpluses of the other forty-nine states.’ The surplus had two effects. First, before Proposition 13 passed, it tended to limit the debate on the level of the tax reduction. Second, it currently is cushioning us from feeling the real...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 December 1986) 11 (4): 585–615.
Published: 01 December 1986
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 2005) 30 (4): 643–686.
Published: 01 August 2005
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 October 2001) 26 (5): 925–938.
Published: 01 October 2001
... no evidence of a physician sur- plus, and there are indications that shortages are developing in some of the specialties (Cooper 2000). Nonetheless, the perception of surplus continues. Concern about the impact of such surpluses is rooted in the knowledge...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1984) 9 (2): 344–348.
Published: 01 April 1984
... surplus of lOo,OOO, pressures to cut the number of physi- cians in training will be profound. City hospitals have relied on residents to provide care, and on medical school faculties to ensure the technical competence of that care. All of this training is costly, and less and less of it will...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1986) 10 (4): 765–774.
Published: 01 August 1986
... (about 30 percent less than the HMO itself had predicted), surplus-per-member-per-year estimates that were also conservative (about 40 percent less than the HMO’s estimates), and cash flow estimates that excluded anything other than net earnings, a net present value of over $30 million was...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1982) 6 (4): 739–751.
Published: 01 August 1982
... will have between 25,000 and 150,000 surplus physicians before the current century ends.8 A major national study, recently re- leased, concludes that “there will be too many physicians in 1990.”9 Federal policy as it relates to the education of nurses and allied health professionals is now to...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1984) 8 (4): 814–815.
Published: 01 August 1984
... domestic needs and to have a surplus for export. Third world countries are also a source of plasma. The trade in blood products is dominated by a handful of multinational pharmaceutical companies. Hagen worries about this commercial involvement in blood collections. He reports at length and...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1978) 3 (3): 345–360.
Published: 01 June 1978
... surplus of neurosurgical capacity. For example, the U.S. currently has one neurosurgeon for every 87,000 people, yet “experience in countries providing comparable neurosurgical service suggests that an average ratio of 1: 185,000 to 1:500,000 is adequate.”7 Moreover, the ratio of neurosurgeons to...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1990) 15 (2): 475–477.
Published: 01 April 1990
.... Department of Health and Human Services. With Michael Lipsky, he has coauthored “Feeding the Hungry with Surplus Commodities” (American Political Science Quarterlv, Summer 1988), “Delivery of Federal Food Assistance: Twenty Years’ Experience” (prepared for the National Neighborhood Coalition...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1985) 10 (2): 433–435.
Published: 01 April 1985
... include: The Coming Physician Surplus; American Med- icine: The Paver Shift; From Health Dollars to Health Services: New York City 1965-1985; Local Health Policy in Action: The Municipal Health Services Program; and Beyond Human Scale: The Large Corporation at Risk. Miriam Ostow is Senior...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1987) 12 (2): 299–311.
Published: 01 April 1987
... states the proposed solutions included direct or indirect state action to reduce medical school enrollments. Ten of the states reporting a projected surplus of medical manpower as a statewide problem also claimed that shortages of primary care physicians affected some of their rural and inner...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1984) 9 (2): 334–336.
Published: 01 April 1984
... compromise informed by prevailing social values and tempered by the availability of economic surplus” (p. 148). If we accept the statement (which I do), then we might suggest that political compromise is more often founded on ambiguity than clarity, and that capitalism and the welfare state can...