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substantial equivalence

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Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 2017) 42 (4): 607–644.
Published: 01 August 2017
... all new tobacco products, based on a public health standard, before they can be legally marketed. Yet the law also contains an alternative pathway for market entry—the substantial equivalence (SE) clause—by which novel and altered tobacco products can be marketed by demonstrating their substantial...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1990) 15 (1): 101–128.
Published: 01 February 1990
... part of the political rhetoric of that struggle. International experience supports certain conclusions. First, there is no basis for the claim that limits on expenditure growth must threaten the health of (some members of) a society. Second, there is a substantial variety of experience with cost...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 2013) 38 (2): 243–253.
Published: 01 April 2013
... pursue politics by other means, and organized the academic equivalent of a vigilance committee. © 2013 by Duke University Press 2013 References Adler Jonathan H. 2012 . “Why Did Legal Elites Underestimate the Case against the Mandate?” Volokh Conspiracy , March 30 . www.volokh.com/2012...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 2010) 35 (1): 95–126.
Published: 01 February 2010
... number of proxy measures for efficiency, including expenses per admission and labor productivity (full-time-equivalent employees per outpatient-adjusted admission). Non-CAH rural hospitals had a stronger correlation between cost inefficiency and operating margin than CAH facilities did. 2010 Aigner, D...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2017) 42 (3): 485–512.
Published: 01 June 2017
...Cassandra M. Sweet Abstract When patents expire, are equivalent generic alternatives available to citizens? This article contributes to current discussion on access to medicine in the aftermath of the World Trade Organization's Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1983) 8 (1): 44–75.
Published: 01 February 1983
...Kenneth E. Warner Seatbelt-wearing occupants of motor vehicles experience a death rate that is half that of nonbelted occupants, yet fewer than 10 percent of the population regularly wear their seatbelts. The potential of effective passenger-restraint systems to substantially reduce mortality and...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1993) 18 (2): 477–489.
Published: 01 April 1993
...Kenneth E. Thorpe Most comparisons of the relative effectiveness of cost containment in the Canadian and U.S. health systems trace Canada's greater success to its single-payer approach. However, these studies ignore the substantial variation that exists in hospital and personal health care spending...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1989) 14 (4): 707–718.
Published: 01 August 1989
...Andrew D. Freeman; John M. Freeman Sixty percent of malpractice premiums paid by obstetricians go to cover suits for alleged birth-related cerebral palsy (CP). Yet substantially less than half of that money goes to CP victims, and less than 10 percent of children with CP receive any compensation at...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2006) 31 (3): 643–656.
Published: 01 June 2006
... system. In the absence of a substantial expansion in coverage, reductions in cross-subsidies could limit access to care through the existing safety net. The report argues that insurance mandates limit access to care by driving up cost and reducing choice. In some cases, such as mental health and...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1984) 9 (2): 237–250.
Published: 01 April 1984
... care to the poor. These hospitals, almost half of which were in the 100 largest cities, not only devoted more of their care to the poor than other hospitals, they also served substantially smaller proportions of privately-insured patients. The result was that one-third of these hospitals—by themselves...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2003) 28 (2-3): 443–472.
Published: 01 June 2003
... theorists, on the substantial body of empirical research on health-related social movements, and on relevant comparative work from Canada to develop a template for this evaluation. Using that template I compare the failed campaign for President Bill Clinton's health insurance plan with a recent, more...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 2012) 37 (1): 5–36.
Published: 01 February 2012
... dramatic health crises (the scandal over HIV-contaminated blood, mad cow disease, etc.) have substantially raised the political profile of (and corresponding state investment in) public health in France, offering opportunities and incentives for political actors not traditionally associated with public...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1992) 17 (3): 483–508.
Published: 01 June 1992
... treatment patterns remain fixed. Our results suggest that under current PPS payment rules, risk would be high for psychiatric specialty hospitals. However, alternative options exist, which could substantially reduce their exposure to risk, while maintaining incentives to contain costs. Copyright © 1992 by...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1996) 21 (4): 697–750.
Published: 01 August 1996
... nonprofit hospitals are, at best, only partially relevant to expectations for nonprofit managed care plans. Can we expect nonprofit ownership to substantially affect the behavior of an increasingly competitive managed care industry dealing with insured populations? In what ways will nonprofit ownership...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1979) 4 (1): 87–108.
Published: 01 February 1979
...James Christopher Anthony The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) is the prevailing “drug abuse” control statute in the United States. Its manifest objective is to prevent or reduce drug use's “substantial and detrimental effect on the health and general welfare of the American people.” Evaluating...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1979) 4 (1): 30–47.
Published: 01 February 1979
... liability for these new health professionals. Among the issues discussed in substantial detail are whether a separate standard of care is appropriate, whether the new professionals might function as independent contractors, and the importance of striking an adequate social balance between improved access to...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1987) 12 (3): 409–426.
Published: 01 June 1987
.... However, these gains must be evaluated against reductions in continuity of care and access to care, potential increases in mortality and morbidity for certain segments of the population, and substantial political problems. Copyright © 1987 by Duke University Press 1987 References American College of...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1988) 13 (2): 239–261.
Published: 01 April 1988
... services, but its extent is less than previously estimated. We disagree with those who say that physicians generate demand to avoid price controls and that national health care spending is proportional to the number of physicians; the evidence does not support these arguments. Substantial uncertainty may...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2006) 31 (3): 671–685.
Published: 01 June 2006
... not simply neutral with regard to equity in access to services; they are likely to have substantial and inequitable distributional effects. We use the case of consumer-driven health plans (CDHPs), the pillar of the Bush administration's private-sector health reform efforts, to illustrate the...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1983) 8 (3): 581–597.
Published: 01 June 1983
... largely explained by increases in Workers' Compensation greater than inflation and by inspections made by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). Rises in Workers' Compensation greatly increased the claims for injuries, while OSHA citations substantially decreased objectively verifiable...