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subsidy

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1992) 17 (2): 255–264.
Published: 01 April 1992
...Sandra Christensen Contributions made by or for current enrollees to Medicare will cover less than a third of the costs of their expected lifetime benefits, on average. This subsidy is of concern for two reasons. First, because the subsidy is provided regardless of income, some transfers...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1983) 8 (2): 221–234.
Published: 01 April 1983
... directly to support physician shortage and minority recruitment programs. This article argues that unrestricted subsidies are inequitable, wasteful, unnecessary, and inflationary; therefore they should be abandoned, in favor of programs that contribute directly to the supply of primary care physicians...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1984) 8 (4): 660–685.
Published: 01 August 1984
..., to Vanderbilt University. We wish to thank Gerard Anderson, Robert Derzon, Paul Ginsburg, Jon Gabel, and two anonymous referees for helpful advice. Cross-Subsidies and Payment for Hospital Care Frank A. Sloan, Vanderbilt University, and Edmund R. Becker, American Medical Association Abstract...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (3): 557–567.
Published: 01 June 2006
... direct subsidies to prevent distortions in competition. In the current political environment, it is not practical to provide direct subsidies for all of the unfunded care that exists in health care markets today; instead, some interference with competition may be necessary to protect cross subsidies...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 11 (1): 67–81.
Published: 01 February 1986
... to be inappropriate. In contrast, it is shown that there are equity and efficiency reasons to grant a discount for insurance policies which avert bad debt, but that the appropriate discount is less than the amount of bad debt averted. The appropriate discount depends on the size of the subsidy needed to bring about...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1987) 12 (1): 35–52.
Published: 01 February 1987
... are affecting those without additional health insurance subsidies. In making this examination we estimate the out-of-pocket health care expenditures of the elderly either directly or as nonsubsidized medigap premiums by income level, taking into account four types of health insurance subsidies received...
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Published: 01 December 2022
Figure 5 Changes in liability by payer and LIS status under the Part D redesign proposal included in the Build Back Better Act. Notes : LIS = low-income subsidy; LICS = low-income cost-sharing subsidy. Much of the reduction in federal reinsurance spending would be reallocated to plans More
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (6): 853–877.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Figure 5 Changes in liability by payer and LIS status under the Part D redesign proposal included in the Build Back Better Act. Notes : LIS = low-income subsidy; LICS = low-income cost-sharing subsidy. Much of the reduction in federal reinsurance spending would be reallocated to plans...
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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (3): 643–656.
Published: 01 June 2006
... urges that the current system of implicit cross-subsidies for indigent care be replaced with insurance expansions that provide coverage to individuals. Such a substitution would certainly enhance access, but would be very costly and likely require considerable government intervention in the health care...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2015) 40 (5): 1061–1085.
Published: 01 October 2015
... sample but 42.3 percent lower on average after taxes and subsidies. We also examine which type of exchange coverage would cost less than the individual's prior health insurance premiums and find that almost 60 percent of families could purchase bronze plans for less than their prior premiums, though only...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1981) 5 (4): 742–768.
Published: 01 August 1981
...Charles Brecher; Maury Forman Local public officials have become greatly concerned about the impact of the continued demand for local subsidies for outpatient programs. This article examines two basic obstacles to the fiscal viability of inner city ambulatory programs, management practices...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2011) 36 (5): 815–827.
Published: 01 October 2011
... the use of subsidies and regulations. The main shortcoming of the ACA is an insufficient protection against burdensome cost sharing, which we illustrate using several hypothetical scenarios. We conclude with recommendations about how to make opportunity-enhancing expansions to the current coverage...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2011) 36 (5): 859–877.
Published: 01 October 2011
... describes factors that influenced the determination of affordability benchmarks and premium-contribution requirements for Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) expansions in three states that sought to universalize access to coverage for youth. It also compares subsidy levels developed in these states...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1996) 21 (4): 823–842.
Published: 01 August 1996
..., most decision makers viewed policy to subsidize the education of health professionals as self-evidently correct. As consensus eroded, proponents insisted to increasingly skeptical audiences that these subsidies created benefits for the public. Recently, decision makers outside health care institutions...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2008) 33 (2): 155–197.
Published: 01 April 2008
...Samuel Y. Sessions; Philip R. Lee Government already pays for more than half of U.S. health care costs, and nearly all universal health insurance proposals assume continued government involvement through tax subsidies and other means. The question of what specific taxes could be used to finance...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2008) 33 (6): 1031–1055.
Published: 01 December 2008
... issue, price competition for a standardized basic benefits package, community rating, sliding-scale income-based subsidies for patients, and risk equalization for insurers. Our assessment of the first two years is based on Dutch Central Bank statistics, national opinion polls, consumer surveys...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2017) 42 (4): 697–708.
Published: 01 August 2017
... there is also a redistribution by income, with the package of wages plus benefits being less unequal than wages alone would be. Therefore reformers should be much more careful before criticizing either ESI or its subsidy through the tax code as “unfair,” especially as the likelihood of enacting something better...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1998) 23 (6): 905–947.
Published: 01 December 1998
... and Australia, which share many similarities, have taken quite different policy paths in the last decade: Canada has preserved universal access, whereas Australian policy is promoting a two-tier system through the provision of public subsidies for private insurance. The evidence is that country-specific factors...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1993) 18 (3): 695–722.
Published: 01 June 1993
... in this fashion, and statutory health insurance should be added now. All or most groups would be required to join. Financing would come from social security payroll taxes, supplemented by government subsidies. Basic acute care services would be equally available to all. The existing insurance companies would...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2010) 35 (1): 49–62.
Published: 01 February 2010
... that in 2005, 1.6 million seniors—or 5 percent of the elderly U.S. population—were without a full federal Part A premium subsidy. The share of seniors without this benefit was notably higher in the nation's two largest states—California (12 percent) and New York (8 percent). We estimate that reforming Medicare...