Search Results for standard
1-20 of 1830 Search Results for
J Health Polit Policy Law (2011) 36 (5): 829-853.
Published: 01 October 2011
... also provides subsidies to ensure that health insurance premiums are affordable. However, relatively little work has been done on how such affordability standards should be set. The existing literature on affordability is not grounded in social norms and has methodological and theoretical flaws. To...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1991) 16 (1): 1-18.
Published: 01 February 1991
...James C. Robinson; Dalton G. Paxman In 1989, after almost two decades of substance-by-substance standard setting, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) promulgated its Air Contaminants Standard, imposing new exposure limits for 376 toxic substances encountered in U.S. industry...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1988) 13 (4): 635-662.
Published: 01 August 1988
...: National Academy Press. Toward a Definitive Antitrust Standard for Nonprofit Hospital Mergers William G. Kopit and Robert W McCann, Epstein Becker & Green, P.C. Abstract. Despite decades of federal and state regulatory efforts to...
J Health Polit Policy Law (2017) 42 (4): 607-644.
Published: 01 August 2017
... all new tobacco products, based on a public health standard, before they can be legally marketed. Yet the law also contains an alternative pathway for market entry—the substantial equivalence (SE) clause—by which novel and altered tobacco products can be marketed by demonstrating their substantial...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1981) 6 (1): 136-158.
Published: 01 February 1981
...Douglas A. Hastings The degree of confidentiality to be accorded data gathered and analyzed by Professional Standards Review Organizations (PSROs) in the course of their medical peer review activities is a crucial and controversial issue in health policy. In late 1977, a consumer organization in...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1981) 6 (2): 255-284.
Published: 01 April 1981
... standards for disclosure, as well as a third standard intended to capture their normative sense of what should be disclosed to patients. Other factors which might affect disclosure practices of physicians were also studied. The findings raise questions about the extent to which a legal standard for...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1982) 7 (3): 629-647.
Published: 01 June 1982
...Giandomenico Majone This paper explores some significant sources of variation in the way health standards are derived and used in various countries: differences in biological and regulatory philosophies, in enforcement strategies, and in institutional arrangements. Such cross-national variations...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (2): 423-447.
Published: 01 April 1994
...: California, 1983–1986. Paper presented at the RAND Conference on Health Economics, Santa Monica, CA, 2 March. Hospitals and Antitrust: Defining Markets, Setting Standards Jack Zwanziger...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1979) 4 (3): 414-434.
Published: 01 June 1979
... standards. Empirical eivdence concerning the effect of regulation on provider incomes and the relationship between reported compliance with standards and provider operating costs is examined. In the latter case, the evidence is consistent with a self-interest theory of behavior for regulatory agencies and...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1995) 20 (1): 137-169.
Published: 01 February 1995
... that are relevant to the merger guidelines among challenged and unchallenged mergers. We found that (1) the specific standards articulated in the merger guidelines do not provide good predictability of when a hospital merger challenge would occur, and (2) comparisons of challenged and unchallenged...
in Social Determinants and Disparities in Health: Their Crucifixion, Resurrection, and Ultimate Triumph(?) in Health Policy > Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
Published: 01 August 2016
Figure 3 Respiratory Tuberculosis: Mean Annual Death Rates (Standardized to 1901 Population) in England and Wales Source : McKeown 1988 Figure 3. Respiratory Tuberculosis: Mean Annual Death Rates (Standardized to 1901 Population) in England and Wales. / Source: McKeown 1988 More
J Health Polit Policy Law (2014) 39 (4): 781-809.
Published: 01 August 2014
...Charlene Harrington; Julie Stockton; Sarah Hooper Abstract This article examines the effects of state regulation and civil class action litigation on corporate compliance with nurse staffing and quality standards, corporate strategies to manage staffing and quality, and corporate financial status...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1988) 13 (2): 263-278.
Published: 01 April 1988
...Joseph P. Newhouse This paper updates tests of the validity of three models of medical price inflation: a standard model, in which changes in demand press against inelastic supply; a dynamic version of the standard model, in which high levels of insurance induce high rates of product innovation and...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 11 (1): 41-66.
Published: 01 February 1986
...Glenn L. Pierce; Mary L. Durham; William H. Fisher This paper examines the impact of broadened Washington state civil commitment standards on utilization of the state's mental hospitals. Included in the analysis is an assessment of the impact of a public event (a well-publicized murder case) which...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1979) 4 (3): 435-463.
Published: 01 June 1979
...Judith Feder; Bruce Spitz This paper analyzes the politics of hospital payment over the last decade. The authors explain how provider interests and judgments became a standard for appropriate hospital payment; the impact of that standard on hospital costs; and the political obstacles to imposing an...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1977) 2 (1): 32-47.
Published: 01 February 1977
...Deborah Stone This paper examines the new Professional Standards Review Organizations (PSROs) program in light of a similar program (“Economic Monitoring”) that has been used in West Germany for over forty years. In the first section the PSRO program is described as government-mandated peer review...
J Health Polit Policy Law (2012) 37 (4): 647-664.
Published: 01 August 2012
...Adam Oliver Over the past twenty years, the emphasis of reform attempts to improve efficiency within the English National Health Service (NHS) has oscillated between markets and targets. Both strategies are informed by standard economic theory but thus far have achieved varying degrees of success...
J Health Polit Policy Law (1991) 16 (1): 67-85.
Published: 01 February 1991
...Troyen A. Brennan Practice guidelines are standardized specifications for managing particular clinical problems and are intended to improve the outcomes of medical care by increasing adherence to standards of care. They are also meant to make medicine more cost-effective by eliminating unnecessary...
J Health Polit Policy Law (2016) 41 (5): 917-937.
Published: 01 October 2016
... legal challenge to the agency's actions. Next, we place the debate about patients’ access to stem cell interventions in the broader context of efforts in the US to promote and implement health technology assessment and the debate about standards of evidence. We then review several proposed initiatives...
J Health Polit Policy Law (2013) 38 (6): 1183-1192.
Published: 01 December 2013
...Heidi Allen; Katherine Baicker; Sarah Taubman; Bill Wright; Amy Finkelstein Abstract In 2008 Oregon allocated access to its Medicaid expansion program, Oregon Health Plan Standard, by drawing names from a waiting list by lottery. The lottery was chosen by policy makers and stakeholders as the...