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Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1986) 10 (4): 613–623.
Published: 01 August 1986
... overall hospital expenditures; that is, if HMOs are providing lower-cost care, then the fee-for-service system will be forced to reduce costs in order to be competitive. The authors studied the 25 largest SMSAs from 1971-1981, and controlling for environmental conditions in each market, they examined the...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1984) 8 (4): 743–758.
Published: 01 August 1984
... that at least one viable PGP has been formed; but there is no convincing reason for believing that population size is a determinant of enroll- ment per capita, given that a PGP has been established. The unit of observation is the SMSA (Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area). SMSAs are more...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1988) 13 (1): 83–102.
Published: 01 February 1988
... statistical area (SMSA); other public non-SMSA; voluntary SMSA; voluntary non-SMSA; and investor-owned. A flag- ship teaching hospital, as designated by the American Association of Medical Colleges, is a hospital which is owned by a medical school 01-is a separate non- profit or public hospital in...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1979) 4 (1): 87–108.
Published: 01 February 1979
... substance (heroin, marijuana, peyote, glue, aerosolg, etc.) for the reasons cited above.’ Originally, DAWN collected information about drug abuse episodes from 353 reporting facilities in 38 Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) in the Drug Enforcement Administration’s 13 United...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1979) 3 (4): 597–600.
Published: 01 August 1979
... America. At that conference, HEW officials announced that 20 standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSAs) had been targeted as the primary locations for future federal efforts because these areas display the highest health care costs in the nation. 20 additional...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2001) 26 (3): 523–532.
Published: 01 June 2001
... countries, and subsequently by others for subunits (e.g., states and Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas [SMSAs] in the United States or regions in the United Kingdom) within developed countries (Wilkinson 1996b; Kaplan et al. 1996; Kawachi and Kennedy 1997; Ben...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1982) 7 (2): 345–365.
Published: 01 April 1982
... pay for a family-owned business or farm; 0 otherwise. Supply Variables:* Doctors: nonfederal patient-care physicians per 1,OOO population in the SMSA or region. Beds: number of nonfederal short-term general and other special hospital beds per 1,OOO population in the SMSA or...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1980) 4 (4): 619–641.
Published: 01 August 1980
.... Morreale 1975 NCH,PCHWN,PCH 1969 State 3. Dunlop 1976 NCH, PCHWN,PCH 1971 State 4. Chiswick 1976 NH 1967 SMSA 5. Scanlon I978 NCH + PCHWN 1969,1973 State *Nursing Homes (NH) as reported in the Master Facility...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1994) 19 (2): 423–447.
Published: 01 April 1994
... substantial distance for the most highly specialized services? These results imply that large hospital markets, such as a standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA) or county will generally not reflect the actual degree of competition affecting any given hospital in the area. Three basic...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1980) 5 (1): 10–24.
Published: 01 February 1980
.... This is quite arbitrary, and other bases could be used: e.g., counties, standard metropolitan statistical areas (SMSAs) , and states. Ideally, the division would be into natural health care market areas, but this is probably too complicated and is politically infeasible. HSA areas make...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1987) 12 (4): 665–682.
Published: 01 August 1987
... 0.148 (0.309) (0.245) (0.310) (0.247) SMSA - 0.070 0.123 0.103 0.181 (0.232) (0.170) (0.235) (0.172) Northeast 0.284 -0.009 0.188 - 0.020...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1990) 15 (1): 191–210.
Published: 01 February 1990
...- based, long-term care surveyed a sample of home health agencies in urban SMSAs in San Diego and San Francisco/Oakland, California; Miami and TampdSt. I+- tersburg, Florida; Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Houston and Dallas/ Ft. Worth, Texas; and Seattle, Washington. Careful universe...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1985) 9 (4): 647–667.
Published: 01 August 1985
... SMSA codes, type of ownership or control, type of facility (free-standing or hospital-based), number of beds, number of admissions, number of patient days, number of Medicare days, total inpatient routine service costs, and total Medicare routine service costs. But there is no information...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1988) 13 (2): 239–261.
Published: 01 April 1988
... sides of the argument. One can look to the work of McCarthy (1983, who found that the market for primary care physician services in large SMSAs is reasonably competitive, and Cromwell and Mitchell (1986), whose findings on the market for surgery “provide definite support for the notion of...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1986) 11 (1): 1–18.
Published: 01 February 1986
... three data sets to control for broad sectoral differences in consumer demand. Dichotomous SMSA variables are available in both the PSID and QES. The PSID also contains the unemployment rate in the respond- ent’s county of residence. Differences between jobs in the elasticity of substi- tution...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1981) 5 (4): 593–607.
Published: 01 August 1981
...- dure in the family dental budget. Each respondent’s practice location was noted, and his mean fee was adjusted for cost-of-living differences using the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ series for selected SMSAs and regions of the United States.Table 1l3 presents the weights and mean fee charged...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1984) 9 (2): 237–250.
Published: 01 April 1984
... Cities 16.4 12.6 12.8 13.9 21.7 44.7 Other SMSAd 30.4 25.3 40.2 26.8 22.3 15.8 Non-SMSA 53.1 62.0 47.0 59.3 56.0...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1989) 14 (2): 287–307.
Published: 01 April 1989
... acute care general hospitals in Indiana was chosen for this study. Stratification was determined by whether the hospital is located in a standard metropolitan statistical area (SMSA) by the United States Census Bureau. We also classified sample hospitals by bed size. Of the 28 hospitals, 14 (50...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1984) 8 (4): 804–809.
Published: 01 August 1984
... of analysis is the “county group”-each a collection of one or more entire counties and including a mini- mum population of 250,000. (In 1970 the U.S. Census defined about 400 of these; unlike the SMSA, these groups include small urban and rural communities.) The population within each...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1982) 7 (1): 2–44.
Published: 01 February 1982