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restraint

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Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1984) 9 (2): 269–279.
Published: 01 April 1984
.... Copyright © 1984 by the Department of Health Administration, Duke University 1984 Restraint of Tkade through Hospital Exclusive Contracts: An Economic Appraisal of the Legal Theory William J. Lynk, Lexecon Inc. Abstract. The growth of antitrust litigation in the...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1983) 8 (1): 44–75.
Published: 01 February 1983
...Kenneth E. Warner Seatbelt-wearing occupants of motor vehicles experience a death rate that is half that of nonbelted occupants, yet fewer than 10 percent of the population regularly wear their seatbelts. The potential of effective passenger-restraint systems to substantially reduce mortality and...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1982) 7 (2): 460–487.
Published: 01 April 1982
... competition policy would require removal of supply-side restraints on health providers. Based on evidence about the evolution of restraints on physicians, dentists, and optometrists in one state, this article speculates on the political feasibility of removing supply-side restraints and thereby implementing a...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1981) 5 (4): 610–630.
Published: 01 August 1981
...Douglas A. Conrad; Marie L. Emerson This article analyzes the effects of state dental practice acts on competition in the market for dental services. Three types of practice act provisions are examined: (1) restraints on advertising and soliciting of patients; (2) limits on scope of practice and...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1993) 18 (2): 287–317.
Published: 01 April 1993
... political context of health insurance which are leading toward restraints on underwriting, the logic of actuarial fairness is so deeply embedded in the structure of competitive markets in insurance and so deeply consonant with social divisions in American society that eradicating it will take more than any...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1979) 4 (2): 176–199.
Published: 01 April 1979
...Deborah A. Stone The West German health care system has experienced a serious escalation of expenditures since about 1970. For a variety of reasons, many features of the national health insurance program that might have provided restraints on costs were gradually eliminated. Most notably, some...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1990) 15 (4): 833–856.
Published: 01 August 1990
...P. A. Paul-Shaheen Increased public demand for health services, combined with fiscal and operating restraints, has led to the need for programs that will operate efficiently and effectively to achieve their objectives. Establishing such programs requires an understanding of the factors that...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1983) 8 (2): 352–365.
Published: 01 April 1983
... for restraint. Only exceptional political will by government can control costs. Copyright © 1983 by the Department of Health Administration, Duke University 1983 Lessons from Germany: Some Reflections Occasioned by Schulenburg’s “Report” William A. Glaser, The New...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1986) 11 (3): 501–523.
Published: 01 June 1986
... disruptive influence on these policies, and threaten to undermine the values they serve. Because cost restraints are inevitable and the tort system provides consumer protection, the challenge for policymakers is to reconcile them with the values of safety, innovation, and access. The proposals presented here...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 2001) 26 (1): 7–36.
Published: 01 February 2001
... the crucial role of legendary Ways and Means Committee chair Wilbur Mills in Medicare's enactment in 1965. The central theme of the article is that fiscal conservatism and a commitment to budgetary restraint constitute important elements of Medicare's original political understanding. Contrary to...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 October 2001) 26 (5): 939–956.
Published: 01 October 2001
... Legislation: Implied Antitrust Immunity in the Health Care Field. Antitrust Bulletin 29 : 225 -252. Carstenson, P. C. 2000 . The Per Se Legality of Some Naked Restraints: A (Re)conceptualization of the Antitrust Analysis of Cartelistic Organizations. Antitrust Bulletin 45 : 349 -435. Federal...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2006) 31 (3): 609–621.
Published: 01 June 2006
... have no application to markets within their jurisdiction (Parker v. Brown, 317 U.S. 341, 351 [1943 (5) Federal antitrust law almost invariably condemns naked market restraints imposed by provider cartels (Areeda and Hovenkamp 2000: ¶1906a). (6) The dan- gers posed by giving provider cartels...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1981) 5 (4): 650–652.
Published: 01 August 1981
... proponents of the “target” income approach to dem- onstrate how and why certain incomes are picked as targets, why different dentists have different “target” incomes, and why such incomes are not higher than they currently are. In my opinion, a number of restraints on market forces push...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1995) 20 (3): 820–823.
Published: 01 June 1995
... right-to-die issue in terms of the policy forces of activism, restraint, and mediation. The forces of activism favor the right to die; those of restraint oppose the right to die. Forces of mediation are the political institutions (courts, legislatures, and execu- tives) that enact or fail to...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 October 2001) 26 (5): 1099–1112.
Published: 01 October 2001
.... The effect of professional ethics norms on social welfare is most visibly an issue in antitrust law. Over the past twenty-five years, antitrust doctrine has come to treat professional norms with skepticism, as so-called naked restraints on trade (see Havighurst in...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1984) 9 (3): 527–529.
Published: 01 June 1984
...- sponses to expenditure limits. The study concludes by speculating about possible responses to rationing of hospital care in the United States. Emphasizing that appreciable restraints on medical expenditures entail denial of medical benefits-not simply the elimina- tion of pure waste and...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1993) 18 (3): 763–770.
Published: 01 June 1993
... going to health care approaches 100 percent, the restraint on costs weakens. The grounds for this claim are that the political costs of mobilizing taxpayer restraint on merit goods like medical care are higher than the costs of mobilizing restraint from other government departments who will...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1982) 7 (1): 128–162.
Published: 01 February 1982
... contemplates ,67 but rather by weighing an admittedly procompetitive net impact against a conception of an ideal competitive result.68As revealed in the following statements, Havighurst appears to seek to wield the antitrust laws, not as a weapon against unreasonable restraints on an otherwise...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2006) 31 (3): 587–607.
Published: 01 June 2006
... well as privately imposed restraints of trade. Thus, while antitrust enforcement targeted the usual suspects — private cartels, group boycotts, anticompetitive mergers, and monopolistic practices by dominant firms —many constraints on market forces were relatively invulnerable to antitrust...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 1984) 9 (3): 532–534.
Published: 01 June 1984
... decisions that is created by many forms of health insurance, and address such other issues as methods of paying pro- viders and provider restraints on innovative prepayment plans. With Bovbjerg concerned that “unproductive competition” and entrenchment of current financing and delivery patterns...