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penalty

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Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 December 2006) 31 (6): 1075–1106.
Published: 01 December 2006
... how policies from outside public mental health systems affect resource allocation within these systems, using examples from criminal justice. These policies use two types of mechanisms: inducing patients to consume treatment (by offering rewards or imposing penalties) and inducing clinicians to...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 October 2014) 39 (5): 1013–1034.
Published: 01 October 2014
...Kristin Madison; Harald Schmidt; Kevin G. Volpp Abstract Employer interest in offering financial incentives for healthy behaviors has been increasing. Some employers have begun to tie health plan–based rewards or penalties to standards involving tobacco use or biometric measures such as body mass...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 2013) 38 (2): 291–298.
Published: 01 April 2013
... challenge to the individual mandate, but it was a tax for taxing and spending purposes even though Congress said it was a “penalty” and not a tax. And the Chief Justice had to twist further his “wisdom” to hold that it was not an unconstitutional direct tax, even though that is exactly what it is, if it is...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 February 1987) 12 (1): 53–76.
Published: 01 February 1987
... and format, minimum rates of return, sale of these policies related to disclosure requirements, consumer information activities, and penalties for agent and company abuse. This paper examines the impact of specific regulations on the ratio of the expected policy benefits per premium dollars and on the...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 December 2000) 25 (6): 1023–1050.
Published: 01 December 2000
... apparently conflicting results in the extant literature, provides a framework for future empirical studies, and suggests implications for public policy. Our model highlights the interaction of components in a well-designed policy, including sufficient compliance checks, penalties, and community involvement...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 2018) 43 (4): 651–682.
Published: 01 August 2018
... (the individual mandate penalty), narrowing the law's reach, complicating its implementation, and fomenting doubts about its political sustainability. This essay places the postenactment battle over the ACA in historical-institutional perspective by juxtaposing the strategic choices that conservatives...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 December 2018) 43 (6): 961–989.
Published: 01 December 2018
... time airings increasingly featured children, young adults, and people exercising. The most common informational messages focused on plan choice and availability of low-cost plans, but messages shifted over open enrollment cycles to emphasize avoidance of tax penalties and availability of financial...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 December 2009) 34 (6): 1035–1077.
Published: 01 December 2009
... regular measurement is implemented to determine whether the firm is meeting its goal. And a penalty structure is put in place that would impose consequences if a firm fails to meet its goal. Assume for now that the penalties are financial charges, the amount of which depends on the extent of the...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 2014) 39 (4): 781–809.
Published: 01 August 2014
...) strengthened the federal survey process and provided for intermediate sanctions for regulatory violations, including civil money penalties (fines), denial of payment for admissions, temporary managers, and decertification. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) is responsible for setting and...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 December 2004) 29 (6): 1109–1152.
Published: 01 December 2004
... 2004 Appelbaum, P. S. 1981 . Psychiatrists' Role in the Death Penalty. Hospital and Community Psychiatry 32 : 761 -762. Appelbaum, P. S., and T. A. Grisso. 1988 . Assessing Patients' Capacities to Consent to Treatment. New England Journal of Medicine 319 : 1635 -1638. Arras, J. D...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2018) 43 (3): 401–425.
Published: 01 June 2018
... bonuses and penalties. For example, physician practices that treated larger shares of dually eligible beneficiaries were more likely to be penalized under the Physician Value-Based Payment Modifier Program. It is important to note that these analyses cannot fully determine why patterns exist...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 1988) 13 (2): 375–378.
Published: 01 April 1988
..., and rightly concludes that the complexities of medical decisions make simple solutions unpromising. Eisenberg examines six ways of changing physician behavior: education, feedback, participation, administrative changes, incentives, and penalties. Most data have been generated on ancillary...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 April 2013) 38 (2): 255–266.
Published: 01 April 2013
... and Kagan, joined the chief justice’s determination that the penalty provisions of the Medicaid extension provi- sions were impermissibly coercive, and the same four members who had sided with the chief justice on the constitutionality of the mandate under the taxing power also agreed with him...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 December 2018) 43 (6): 1025–1040.
Published: 01 December 2018
... fees through bonuses or penalties depending on physicians' performance on myriad quality measures. It “is an outgrowth of a decade of smaller pay-for-reporting and pay-for-performance programs” (Berenson 2016 ). In the name of streamlining reporting requirements, MACRA combines three preexisting...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 October 2010) 35 (5): 701–704.
Published: 01 October 2010
... should enable another 16 million or so to afford private coverage; (3) the legal requirement that individuals have some sort of health insurance should encourage most who have access to coverage to take it (although the penalties for noncompliance are too mini- mal to actually be certain); (4) the...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 October 2016) 41 (5): 1033–1045.
Published: 01 October 2016
... eventually require hospitals receiving Medicare payments to report their performance on a set of quality indicators or suffer a 2 percent penalty in their reimbursement. In 2003, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) established the three-year CMS/Premier Hospital Quality Incentive...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 1983) 7 (4): 958–961.
Published: 01 August 1983
... definitions. In the U.S., however, the punishment for DUI is typi- cally much less severe than in Norway and Sweden, where both license suspension and a one-month jail term are routinely imposed on convicts. While Scandinavian authorities are convinced that these severe penalties 960 Journal of...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 2016) 41 (4): 803–826.
Published: 01 August 2016
... not provide any new coverage options for them. The individual mandate is not really a mandate since persons can opt out of it by paying a modest tax penalty and the Internal Revenue Service has only a limited ability to enforce collection of those payments. Preliminary data showed that 7.5 million...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 August 2015) 40 (4): 911–921.
Published: 01 August 2015
..., exchanges, tax penalties, and tax credits. Consider the ACA's reliance on private individual insurance. Under Medicare for All, every American would be given a Medicare card for life; there would be no regulations, online exchanges, annual enrollments, tax penalties, or tax credits relating to...
Journal Article
Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law (1 June 2015) 40 (3): 577–588.
Published: 01 June 2015
...” take the form of payments from the IRS to insurance companies and also trigger penalties under the act's individual and employer mandates. In the thirty-six federal exchange states, therefore, the IRS's reinterpretation has resulted in the Treasury sending billions of dollars to insurers on behalf of 5...