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international institutions

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2015) 40 (1): 41–71.
Published: 01 February 2015
...Yanzhong Huang Abstract This article examines the role of international institutional actors in China's health policy process. Particular attention is paid to three major international institutional actors: the World Bank, the World Health Organization, and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS...
FIGURES
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2015) 40 (1): 3–11.
Published: 01 February 2015
... in health policy making vis-à-vis other reform actors — at times the state played an intermediary role. In several countries, civil society also played a central role in designing and implementing policy at all levels of government. International institutions also have a number of mechanisms and strategies...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1979) 4 (3): 360–381.
Published: 01 June 1979
..., and Mires James Warner Bjorkman, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Christa Alienstetter, International Institute of Management-Berlin Absfract. This paper presents a critical evaluation of several theories of account- ability and their applicability to health care concerns...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2011) 36 (2): 317–352.
Published: 01 April 2011
... international pres- sures and reputation building led it to disregard institution building. Not- withstanding rich civic mobilization at the local level, AIDS NGOs in the United States did not penetrate the AIDS programs of the Centers for Disease Control. In addition, the United States’ lack...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2013) 38 (3): 545–571.
Published: 01 June 2013
... of the Drug Safety and Effectiveness Network, a recently established virtual network designed to connect researchers throughout Canada who conduct postmarket drug research. Next, we place the Canadian system within an international context by comparing informational asymmetry between government institutions...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2003) 28 (4): 615–658.
Published: 01 August 2003
...- tures that distinguish the U.S. pluralist from the European corporatist approaches to policy development: representation (internal versus external), process (closed versus open), stance (informal, accommodative versus formal, adversarial), institutional power (fragmented versus centralized...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 11 (2): 297–303.
Published: 01 April 1986
... consequences will be managed. The need for explicit policy is a result both of changes in the external regulatory environment and of the inherent difficulty of decisions about treating handicapped newborns. Institutional policy should address both internal decision-making processes and how information about...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (1): 33–50.
Published: 01 February 2006
... of a strong external political movement, internal champions, and sound scientific research that provided the context for two government reports: the 1999 Civil Rights Commission Report on Discrimination in Medicine and the 2002 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report Unequal Treatment. While the Civil...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2015) 40 (1): 73–99.
Published: 01 February 2015
... of Brazil suggests that the reasons that governments respond are different at these three levels. International forces, historical institutions, and social health movements were factors that prompted national government responses. At the urban and rural government levels, receiving federal financial...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2010) 35 (3): 313–352.
Published: 01 June 2010
... the high level of Lakin  ■  Mexico’s Popular Health Insurance  315   international recognition achieved by PHI, there is surprisingly little inde- pendent analysis of the program by scholars. Furthermore, there has been meager institutional or political analysis...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2020) 45 (4): 677–691.
Published: 01 August 2020
... institutions are both strikingly numerous by international standards and, in many cases, particularly strong, as with the absurdly malapportioned Senate, its filibuster, or the Electoral College (Stepan and Linz 2011 ). It thus should be no surprise that the United States has such a problem of political...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2021) 46 (2): 235–276.
Published: 01 April 2021
... and policy making) at global and local-Chinese levels. Coke succeeded in redirecting China's obesity science and policy to emphasize physical activity. Key to its success was the industry-funded global nonprofit International Life Sciences Institute (ILSI). Beneath ILSI's public narrative of unbiased science...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2021) 46 (3): 467–486.
Published: 01 June 2021
...Andrew J. B. Morton Abstract Context: Since the 1990s, the EU's influence over national health care policy has been limited to European internal market law or social policy coordination mechanisms. The introduction of EU competition law into health care is more recent and underdeveloped; however...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2012) 37 (6): 915–934.
Published: 01 December 2012
... and international health cooperation. More recently the consolidation of the European Union has provided new institutional bases for shap- ing communicable disease policies at the supranational level. This article reviews these different attempts to protect the European space from diseases. It is argued...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2018) 43 (2): 229–269.
Published: 01 April 2018
... community benefits, conduct community health needs assessments, provide minimum levels of community benefits, and adhere to minimum income eligibility standards for charity care. However, little research has assessed these regulations' impact on community benefits. Using 2009–11 Internal Revenue Service...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2012) 37 (6): 977–1000.
Published: 01 December 2012
... health; (2) agencies are a constitutionally permissible institutional arrangement in the EU; (3) EU legislation that inter alia protects public health is mandatory and justiciable; and (4) such EU legislation may not be undermined by liberalizing internal market law. A fifth idea, “mainstreaming...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1976) 1 (1): 85–111.
Published: 01 February 1976
... to maximize citizen involvement quickly by: projecting an image of maximal social impact; minimizing or ignoring questions of long-term fiscal uncertainty; projecting an image of maximal control by citizens; and projecting images of institutional solidarity and of experimentation and innovation. They tended...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2014) 39 (3): 565–589.
Published: 01 June 2014
... a strong and consistent influence over state attention to tobacco and vaccines from 1990 to 2010. While national attention to tobacco or vaccines also sparks attention in the states, this effect is smaller than the internal impact of gubernatorial attention and the horizontal influence of neighboring state...
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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2015) 40 (5): 1023–1060.
Published: 01 October 2015
... international financial institutions or donors, a factor that is often assumed to have had a profound influence on national health policy choices (Kim et al. 2000 ). The role of external pressure has received a great deal of attention in global health policy, such that policy convergence in developing...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1980) 5 (3): 405–418.
Published: 01 June 1980
... reveals that the MuencG of ideological and institutional forces, and principal actors is more important than most com- mentators believe, and that the dynamism in health policy formulation has resulted in a great deal of internal conflict as well as politicization and provincialization...