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institutional racism

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (2): 225–258.
Published: 01 April 2022
... experience with area-level deprivation such as residential segregation, and other harmful exposures that the authors refer to as “institutional” or “structural” racism. The authors use logistic regression models and a dataset that includes all births from 1994 to 2017 as well as five state policies from...
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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2023) 48 (5): 821–824.
Published: 01 October 2023
... as a result of her choice to employ media analysis as the sole methodological approach. Media analysis is an important and underutilized tool for examining how institutional racism generates health inequities, but the book would be stronger if Pollock framed and analyzed her cases as such. Pollock...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (3): 505–531.
Published: 01 June 2019
... with the tension that they want power to be concentrated in their part of the state but that they are a racial minority in their districts and counties. Four key episodes of institutional reform have shaped today's political dynamics within Mississippi, mostly in ways that have reinforced structural racism...
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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2011) 36 (1): 187–214.
Published: 01 February 2011
...; Jackson et al. 1996; Tull et al. 2005). Primarily following Williams (1999), we define three forms of racism that might affect health. The first is “institutional racism,” which arises via structural factors that, in turn, arise from historical discriminatory policies. For example, historical...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (1): 274–277.
Published: 01 February 1994
... reforms in the organization and delivery of health care. As Bailus Walker notes in his chapter, “Health Policies and the Black Community,” one of the major new policy objec- tives is to create more equitable access to care. Achieving this goal re- quires a fuller understanding of how institutional...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (2): 201–224.
Published: 01 April 2022
... levels. Coded racial politics infiltrated the behavior of the electorate, bureaucracies, political actors, and institutions, affecting the ideological direction of policy. The use of a racial code in policy and social affairs marked the shift from Jim Crow or “old-fashioned” racism—focused on legalized...
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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (4): 811–838.
Published: 01 August 2006
... Perceptions and Experiences. File USPSRA1999- RAE006. Storrs, CT: Roper Center, University of Connecticut. King, G. 1996. Institutional Racism and the Medical/Health Complex: A Conceptual Analysis. Ethnicity and Disease 6: 30  –  46. Kirmayer, L. J., and A. Young. 1998. Culture and Somatization...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 11 (1): 97–116.
Published: 01 February 1986
..., not for biological but for social reasons. Black people in our society are imprisoned by institutional racism; this is the attribute of blackness which at bottom determines their health status. While the character of the health disadvantage may evolve, for example, as a result of mi- gration from...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2020) 45 (6): 937–950.
Published: 01 December 2020
...—occupations primarily held by Black people—from access to old-age and unemployment insurance (Davies and Derthick 1997 ). The 1946 Hill Burton Act, which aimed to address hospital shortages after the Great Depression and World War II, had “separate-but-equal” provisions that sanctioned institutional racism...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1993) 18 (4): 871–879.
Published: 01 August 1993
... Services of Middle Tennessee, Inc. Publicly financed, state-fostered institutional racism pervades the delivery of health care in America. By encouraging us to confront that unhappy reality, David Smith (elsewhere in this issue of JHPPL) makes what will hopefully be an important contribution...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (2): 111–130.
Published: 01 April 2022
... ). In this context, racism was declared a public health crisis, states and cities discussed policy solutions, institutions of all stripes had moments of “racial reckoning,” and partisan politics became even more divided over whether and how to address racism (Andrews 2021 ; Blake 2021 ; Vestal 2020 ; Yearby et al...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2016) 41 (4): 627–651.
Published: 01 August 2016
... is another distinctive social exposure that shapes the health of racial/ethnic minorities. Scientific evidence indicates that discrimination is pervasive across institutional and interpersonal levels in contemporary societies (Pager and Shepherd 2008 ). Institutional racism and personal experiences...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2016) 41 (4): 653–673.
Published: 01 August 2016
... on health has focused mainly on two different forms: residential segregation and environmental racism (for a review, see Krieger 2014 ). Neighborhood segregation is conceptualized as an example of structural racism, given institutional practices by banks and policies enacted by the US government (e.g...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2002) 27 (2): 318–321.
Published: 01 April 2002
...—multiculturalism—should not be controver- sial. Indeed, legal mandates and changing demographics raised overdue questions about taken-for-granted institutional racism, sexism, and eth- nocentrism. Reexamination of organizational values and rules may invig- orate—not harm—the nation’s history of dynamic...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2002) 27 (2): 321–325.
Published: 01 April 2002
... to become aware of and understand many cultures—multiculturalism—should not be controver- sial. Indeed, legal mandates and changing demographics raised overdue questions about taken-for-granted institutional racism, sexism, and eth- nocentrism. Reexamination of organizational values and rules may invig...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2002) 27 (2): 325–328.
Published: 01 April 2002
...—multiculturalism—should not be controver- sial. Indeed, legal mandates and changing demographics raised overdue questions about taken-for-granted institutional racism, sexism, and eth- nocentrism. Reexamination of organizational values and rules may invig- orate—not harm—the nation’s history of dynamic...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2021) 46 (4): 563–575.
Published: 01 August 2021
... ). Despite policy advancements for communities of color since the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, structural racism continues to have a stronghold on government and societal institutions (Hahn, Benedict, and Williams 2018 ). Structural racism is manifested in inequality in the criminal justice...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2002) 27 (2): 307–317.
Published: 01 April 2002
...—multiculturalism—should not be controver- sial. Indeed, legal mandates and changing demographics raised overdue questions about taken-for-granted institutional racism, sexism, and eth- nocentrism. Reexamination of organizational values and rules may invig- orate—not harm—the nation’s history of dynamic...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2017) 42 (5): 803–839.
Published: 01 October 2017
... of institutional and individual forms of racism on health status. Reed and Chowkwanyun ( 2012 ) go one step further, demonstrating that the practice of identifying and measuring racial disparities in health is itself rooted in the development of American social science and policy research, where some of the more...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2021) 46 (5): 861–887.
Published: 01 October 2021
... the compounding racial vulnerability brought by COVID-19 to carceral institutions. The first part clarifies the significance of racialized vulnerability in the United States, and it identifies how patterns of systematic racism set the stage for disproportionate exposure to harm during the COVID-19 crisis...
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