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individual-level panel data

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law 11066288.
Published: 21 November 2023
.... Democratic women are more similar to Democratic men on these measures than to Republican women. On virtually all measures, Republican women report lower levels of mitigation behaviors, worries, and support for expansive government policies compared to Democratic women and men. Analyzing the interaction...
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (4): 589–630.
Published: 01 August 2019
...% Huber-White standard errors. Control variables (not reported) include preenrollment ACA opinion, voter turnout in 2012, favored Obama 2012, black, female, and log of income. Copyright © 2019 by Duke University Press 2019 Affordable Care Act individual-level panel data public opinion...
FIGURES | View All (7)
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (3): 349–379.
Published: 01 June 2019
... series data provided by the KFF surveys reveals relationships that are consistent with the patterns uncovered in our county-level and individual panel-level analysis. Overall, Democrats are slightly more likely than Republicans to participate in the ACA, but important differences emerge depending...
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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 11 (3): 525–535.
Published: 01 June 1986
... is operative, the reported signif- icance levels are actually understatements of the true probability levels with which we can reject the hypothesis that the panel system makes no difference. CZaimfile openings. To assess the results of the panel system we must first determine whether the panels...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1979) 4 (1): 87–108.
Published: 01 February 1979
... out visually apparent effects of no real significance. The regression model included a detrending term, a variable to assess change in the mean level of the time series, and a variable to assess change in the slope in the series. A hierarchical regression analysis was performed using...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2004) 29 (1): 107–146.
Published: 01 February 2004
... interviews with state analysts in all fifty states. Our findings suggest that national surveys do not meet states' needs for data, and in response, states have initiated their own household surveys. We provide information on thirty-six household surveys that are used to estimate state levels of health...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2015) 40 (4): 797–819.
Published: 01 August 2015
... the percentage of clients who had injected drugs in the previous fiscal year and the proportion of African American, Hispanic/Latino, and women clients. These measures are characteristics of the mix of patients at the organizational level of analysis; we do not have data from individual patients. In addition...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2011) 36 (5): 829–853.
Published: 01 October 2011
... be taken into account, figure 2 suggests otherwise. In fact, these experts believe quite a few adjustments should be taken into account in setting subsidy levels, but disagree about which particular factors should be used. Discussion Among the expert panel there were substantial variations...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2021) 46 (6): 929–958.
Published: 01 December 2021
... are implemented at the municipal level but not reflected in state-level indicators, our measurement approach will likely produce conservative estimates of the true policy effect. 5. See appendix A1 for a detailed discussion of the specific coding of individual policies. 6. Appendix A4 presents...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2020) 45 (5): 863–887.
Published: 01 October 2020
... standards) but remained uninsured. (The Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 eliminated the federal penalty for violations of the ACA's individual coverage requirement in 2019). Third, workers with incomes between 100 and 400% of the federal poverty level (FPL) could qualify for premium subsidies to purchase...
FIGURES | View All (12)
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1989) 14 (4): 663–689.
Published: 01 August 1989
... by the states, in several ways.” First, our analysis was conducted at the level of the individual closed claim. Thus, we could achieve a much more accurate match between specific cases and the applicability of spe- cific reforms. Second, the observational period was sufficiently long to gauge...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1985) 9 (4): 629–646.
Published: 01 August 1985
... of multicollinearity. Empirical results Regressions with premium levels as dependent variables are presented in Table 2. The first, second, and fourth regressions also contain individual state binary variables, not shown. The state binary variables should account for factors respon- sible for any...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (6): 629–648.
Published: 01 December 2022
.... Panel C Antidepressants. Panel D HIV antiretrovirals. Notes: ATC = anatomical therapeutical chemical classification by the World Health Organization Collaborating Centre on Drug Statistics Methodology. Insulins included are in ATC level 4 categories A10AB (fast acting), A10AC (intermediate acting...
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Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2011) 36 (6): 945–960.
Published: 01 December 2011
... in opinion toward health care during the legislative debate, but because aggregate data can mask who is changing in what direction, they are insufficient for fully exploring the dynamics of individuallevel opinion. Answering questions about opinion dynamics requires panel data tracking the same...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2023) 48 (6): 829–857.
Published: 01 December 2023
.... Data for this study come from a demographically representative survey of 5,483 US adults conducted via Lucid Theorem during June 24–28, 2022. Lucid used quota sampling procedures to selectively invite individuals from its large online opt-in panel to participate in this study by targeting demographic...
FIGURES
Includes: Supplementary data
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (3): 479–504.
Published: 01 June 2019
... levels of political incorporation. There are several pathways by which greater representation leads to increased levels of participation: individuals may become more attentive to politics, they may gain greater political knowledge, and they may become more efficacious. An update to this literature...
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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2001) 26 (6): 1261–1290.
Published: 01 December 2001
... spending levels on substance abuse services in response to the ADA block grant funding (GAO 1982). The legislation, however, did not specify what constituted non-supplantation. It was also difficult for federal administrators to assess the problem, because infor...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1988) 13 (3): 469–498.
Published: 01 June 1988
... for a conference. The criteria for selecting panelists and speakers were not very ex- plicit at either the aggregate or the individual level. All evidence-interviews, observations, and questionnaires-indicated that neither implicit nor explicit uni- formly applied selection procedures existed. The planning...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2010) 35 (1): 29–48.
Published: 01 February 2010
...Christopher Stream; Nathan Myers Since the 1990s, state governments have been leaders of health care reform. Today, approximately 47 million people are without health insurance. As health care costs and uninsurance levels continue to rise, states are pursuing a variety of government- and market...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law 11257024.
Published: 03 April 2024
... (tertiary education (levels 5-8 Thus, higher values for educational health inequality mean a larger gap between individuals with the lowest and those with the highest level of education. We perform a similar calculation for income, taking the difference between the lowest income (the first quintile...
Includes: Supplementary data