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implicit bias

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (1): 113–146.
Published: 01 February 2019
... medical students, 47.7% identified as liberal, 33.3% as moderate, and 19.0% as conservative. More conservative ideology was associated at year 4 with greater implicit bias against black and gay individuals, more negative explicit attitudes toward stigmatized groups, lower internal motivation to control...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (1): 1–4.
Published: 01 February 2019
... reinterviewed in their fourth year. Political liberalism and conservatism may both be associated with attributes that lead to better and worse health outcomes. In this examination, the authors focus on the relationship between conservatism and survey measures of implicit bias and empathy that could be signs...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2000) 25 (1): 225–232.
Published: 01 February 2000
... insurers and creates a strong, though often implicit, bias toward their interests. According to Anne Schneider and Helen Ingram (1993), the “dependent” population of high-risk individuals who have no access to group insurance and are unable to organize themselves...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1977) 2 (1): 32–47.
Published: 01 February 1977
... scrutiny. The third section describes some of the effects of bureaucratic rigidities in peer review on the practice of medicine: the preservation of old technologies, the development of fixed patterns of practice, and the strengthening of the technical and interventionist biases in medical care. The final...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1993) 18 (4): 905–925.
Published: 01 August 1993
... excess capacity, it has been unsuccessful in accomplishing this goal. On the other hand, CON policies have, we suggest, been pursued with the implicit aim of “cross subsidization,” that is, regulators have used their power to issue licenses and restrict competition in order to create an incentive...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (1): 165–190.
Published: 01 February 1994
..., or none, in still others. To the extent that institutions take on a distinctive bias, as a product of their constitutive norms and practices, we might expect the public policy responses of state governments to the EMF issue to reflect the biases of the institutions assuming de facto jurisdiction...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2010) 35 (6): 921–959.
Published: 01 December 2010
... – 417 . Teachman B. A. Gapinski K. D. Brownell K. D. Rawlins M. Jeyaram S. . 2003 . Demonstrations of Implicit Anti-Fat Bias: The Impact of Providing Causal Information and Evoking Empathy . Health Psychology 22 ( 1 ): 68 – 78 . Tomz M. Wittenberg J...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2001) 26 (2): 191–194.
Published: 01 April 2001
... dimensions. It is most readily recognized in the transformation toward a system of com- peting managed care plans, but that itself rests on the emergence and increased sophistication of evidence-based medicine, at least implicit cost-effectiveness analysis...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1978) 2 (4): 479–507.
Published: 01 August 1978
..., we acknowledge two aspects of these costs, explicit and implicit. Explicit costs are the actual dollars paid for marketed medical services and implicit costs are real costs which use up resources, but are not paid for in dollars. The former include all expenditures on health resources...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (4): 919–921.
Published: 01 August 1994
... Reviews 919 mental health policy. Along the way, we learn about the implicit pur- pose of programs to take the homeless away from city streets (they cloak re-institutionalization in the mantle of humane care), about the ultimate similarity in Canadian and American approaches to mental health...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1984) 9 (1): 179–181.
Published: 01 February 1984
... with the rise (through congressional enact- ment of PL 96-398) and fall (through implicit congressional rescission as part of the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1981) of the Mental Health Systems Act, the centerpiece of the Carter Administration’s response to the recommendations of the Rosalynn...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (5): 1107–1114.
Published: 01 October 1999
... . Media Coverage of Managed Care: Is There a Negative Bias? Health Affairs 17 ( 1 ): 9 -25. Hibbard , J. J. , P. Slovic, and J. J. Jewett. 1997 . Informing Consumer Decisions in Health Care: Implications from Decision-Making Research. Milbank Quarterly 75 ( 3 ): 395 -414. Klein , R...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (3): 587–607.
Published: 01 June 2006
..., ensures that consumer- voters never see the full cost of whatever coverage they enjoy and rarely perceive even dimly the marginal costs to themselves of legal and regula- tory mandates imposed in the name of quality assurance. The resulting political bias not only favors more and better health care...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2002) 27 (3): 379–400.
Published: 01 June 2002
... Issues in Comparisons of Institutional Performance. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 159 (3): 385 -443. Gordon, N. P. 1995 . Surveillance of Health,Functional Status, and Satisfaction of Health Plan Members by Mailed Survey:Potential Sources of Bias . American Public Health Association...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (3): 415–420.
Published: 01 June 1999
..., is that of combining his efforts with those of his fellows and acting together” (1969: 193). There cannot be a policy discourse, or a politics undergirding policy debate and decision making, that is devoid of explicit or implicit consideration of disparate interests, their influence, or their suppression by those...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (2): 335–360.
Published: 01 April 1994
... : 180 -99. Koren , Gideon , Heather Shear, Karen Graham, and Tom Einarson. 1989 . Bias against the Null Hypothesis: The Reproductive Hazards of Cocaine. Lancet 2 ( 16 December ): 1440 -42. Levine , Carol . 1990 . Women and HIV/AIDS Research: The Barriers to Equity. Evaluation...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2001) 26 (2): 195–216.
Published: 01 April 2001
... evidence is insisted upon only in cases where it is advantageous for one class of litigants, the demand for better science is unmasked as merely a (possibly biased) legal tactic. JHPPL 26.2-02 Havighurst v2 3/22/01 11:59 AM Page 204 204 Journal of Health Politics...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1990) 15 (1): 129–143.
Published: 01 February 1990
... this bias. The general reluctance to develop competent public administration has been particularly disabling for health care policies. Negotiating with a well- organized , well-financed, and highly skilled profession naturally requires skill and competence. Relying on gimmicks and automatic solutions...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 11 (1): 83–96.
Published: 01 February 1986
... of treating a particular patient. All hospitals should expect to admit patients within each DRG who are more (or less) costly than the average patient. Thus, the lengths-of-stay implicit in the average payments are not indicative of the standard of care that should be provided to each patient...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2020) 45 (2): 211–239.
Published: 01 April 2020
... of this response may be motivated by explicitly racist biases, most is likely a result of implicit (Beckett, Nyrop, and Pfingst 2006 : 106) and structural biases (Bobo and Thompson 2006 ). Racial cues can feed into the perception of the severity of a crime or social problem (Beckett, Nyrop, and Pfingst 2006...
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