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implicit bias

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (1): 113–146.
Published: 01 February 2019
... and Greenwald 2012 ). It should be noted, however, that not all randomized vignette studies have found an association between implicit bias and disparities in clinical decisions (Haider et al. 2011 ; Sabin and Greenwald 2012 ). Although most research examining implicit biases held by health care providers...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2019) 44 (1): 1–4.
Published: 01 February 2019
... reinterviewed in their fourth year. Political liberalism and conservatism may both be associated with attributes that lead to better and worse health outcomes. In this examination, the authors focus on the relationship between conservatism and survey measures of implicit bias and empathy that could be signs...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (6): 709–729.
Published: 01 December 2022
..., as Black patients have been shown to be more likely to receive older therapeutics and inappropriate dosing compared to white patients (Essien et al. 2018 ). Earlier studies have sought to examine whether implicit bias plays a role in these treatment disparities and have observed that simply changing...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2000) 25 (1): 225–232.
Published: 01 February 2000
... insurers and creates a strong, though often implicit, bias toward their interests. According to Anne Schneider and Helen Ingram (1993), the “dependent” population of high-risk individuals who have no access to group insurance and are unable to organize themselves...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1977) 2 (1): 32–47.
Published: 01 February 1977
... scrutiny. The third section describes some of the effects of bureaucratic rigidities in peer review on the practice of medicine: the preservation of old technologies, the development of fixed patterns of practice, and the strengthening of the technical and interventionist biases in medical care. The final...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1993) 18 (4): 905–925.
Published: 01 August 1993
... excess capacity, it has been unsuccessful in accomplishing this goal. On the other hand, CON policies have, we suggest, been pursued with the implicit aim of “cross subsidization,” that is, regulators have used their power to issue licenses and restrict competition in order to create an incentive...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (1): 165–190.
Published: 01 February 1994
..., or none, in still others. To the extent that institutions take on a distinctive bias, as a product of their constitutive norms and practices, we might expect the public policy responses of state governments to the EMF issue to reflect the biases of the institutions assuming de facto jurisdiction...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2010) 35 (6): 921–959.
Published: 01 December 2010
.... Jeyaram. 2003. Demonstrations of Implicit Anti-­Fat Bias: The Impact of Providing Causal Informa­ tion and Evoking Empathy. Health Psychology 22 (1): 68 – 78. Tomz, M., J. Wittenberg, and G. King. 2001. Clarify: Software for Interpreting and Presenting Statistical Results. Version 2.0, June 1...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2001) 26 (2): 191–194.
Published: 01 April 2001
... dimensions. It is most readily recognized in the transformation toward a system of com- peting managed care plans, but that itself rests on the emergence and increased sophistication of evidence-based medicine, at least implicit cost-effectiveness analysis...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1978) 2 (4): 479–507.
Published: 01 August 1978
... Economics and Statistics Division of DNHW, for the years 1%6-1%9. 20. It should be pointed out that the estimates, on which the redistributive effects are based, are somewhat biased toward a more equal distribution of medical care costs after Medicare. This bias is caused by calculating...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (4): 919–921.
Published: 01 August 1994
...Mark A. Hall Reviews 919 mental health policy. Along the way, we learn about the implicit pur- pose of programs to take the homeless away from city streets (they cloak re-institutionalization in the mantle of humane care), about the ultimate...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1984) 9 (1): 179–181.
Published: 01 February 1984
... with the rise (through congressional enact- ment of PL 96-398) and fall (through implicit congressional rescission as part of the Omnibus Reconciliation Act of 1981) of the Mental Health Systems Act, the centerpiece of the Carter Administration’s response to the recommendations of the Rosalynn...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (5): 1107–1114.
Published: 01 October 1999
... . Media Coverage of Managed Care: Is There a Negative Bias? Health Affairs 17 ( 1 ): 9 -25. Hibbard , J. J. , P. Slovic, and J. J. Jewett. 1997 . Informing Consumer Decisions in Health Care: Implications from Decision-Making Research. Milbank Quarterly 75 ( 3 ): 395 -414. Klein , R...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law 10358696.
Published: 23 November 2022
...Kirby Goidel; Timothy Callaghan; David J. Washburn; Tasmiah Nuzhath; Julia Scobee; Abigail Spiegelman; Matt Motta Abstract Context : Previous research has established the importance of primary care physicians in communicating public health directives. The implicit assumption is that, because...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (3): 587–607.
Published: 01 June 2006
..., ensures that consumer- voters never see the full cost of whatever coverage they enjoy and rarely perceive even dimly the marginal costs to themselves of legal and regula- tory mandates imposed in the name of quality assurance. The resulting political bias not only favors more and better health care...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2002) 27 (3): 379–400.
Published: 01 June 2002
.... Journal of the Royal Statistical Society 159 (3): 385 -443. Gordon, N. P. 1995 . Surveillance of Health,Functional Status, and Satisfaction of Health Plan Members by Mailed Survey:Potential Sources of Bias . American Public Health Association Abstract #303. Hannan, E. L., H. Kilburn, M. Racz, E...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (3): 415–420.
Published: 01 June 1999
... or implicit consideration of disparate interests, their influence, or their suppression by those more powerful. With the enormous stakes involved, whether of a commercial character or of life itself, and with the contest of values over the domain of a person’s responsibility and the reach of the state...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1994) 19 (2): 335–360.
Published: 01 April 1994
... : 180 -99. Koren , Gideon , Heather Shear, Karen Graham, and Tom Einarson. 1989 . Bias against the Null Hypothesis: The Reproductive Hazards of Cocaine. Lancet 2 ( 16 December ): 1440 -42. Levine , Carol . 1990 . Women and HIV/AIDS Research: The Barriers to Equity. Evaluation...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2001) 26 (2): 195–216.
Published: 01 April 2001
... matters. If rigorous, empirically based evidence is insisted upon only in cases where it is advantageous for one class of litigants, the demand for better science is unmasked as merely a (possibly biased) legal tactic. JHPPL 26.2-02 Havighurst v2 3/22/01 11:59 AM Page 204...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1990) 15 (1): 129–143.
Published: 01 February 1990
..., there is no need to find public officials who are capable of making difficult judgments. The recruitment patterns, social standing, and reward structures of public service all reflect this bias. The general reluctance to develop competent public administration has been particularly disabling for health care...