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external reference prices

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (6): 779–796.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Richard Frank; Rena M. Conti; Jonathan Gruber Abstract International reference prices (IRP), also called external reference prices, are widely used across developed nations. IRP uses the prices paid in other countries to either inform negotiations with the pharmaceutical industry or as a cap...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2014) 39 (3): 691–705.
Published: 01 June 2014
... quality. This approach offers a step forward from the present system of external reference pricing based solely on prices set by other countries and tendering at the wholesaler level where value and quality are not part of the decision-making process. Efforts to amend Russia's medicine pricing...
FIGURES
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2022) 47 (6): 755–778.
Published: 01 December 2022
... to Prescription Drugs and Their Ethical Principles .” Journal of Law, Medicine, and Ethics 48 , no. 3 : 583 – 94 . Rémuzat Cécile , Urbinata Duccio , Mzoughi Ola , Hammi Ella El , Belaied Wael , and Toumi Mondher . 2015 . “ Overview of External Reference Pricing...
FIGURES
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1996) 21 (3): 511–513.
Published: 01 June 1996
... lower prices. I would want to be very confident of these costs before incurring the very tangible costs of placing substantial impediments on HMOs’ abilities to manage care. References Ginsburg, P., and K. Thorpe. 1992. Can All-Payer Rate Setting...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2013) 38 (3): 573–597.
Published: 01 June 2013
... . www.leem.org/article/chiffre-daffaires (accessed December 23, 2012). López-Casasnovas G. Puig-Junoy J. . 2000 . “Review of the Literature on Reference Pricing.” Health Policy 54 , no. 2 : 87 – 123 . Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) . 2003 . “Changing...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1997) 22 (2): 363–382.
Published: 01 April 1997
... of the health care sys- tem as forces that must be dealt with. The increased role for and evolu- tion of managed care, for example, leaves hospitals to deal with lower unit prices and empty beds. The process is dynamic, in that each organi- zation’s responses to external competitive forces changes...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1990) 15 (3): 627–646.
Published: 01 June 1990
... and “broad” eclecticists is supported by our data. Copyright © 1990 by Duke University Press 1990 References Cohodes , Donald R. 1984 . Cost-shifting: A Modern Myth (response). Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 9 : 261 -67. Colander , David , and Arjo Klamer. 1987...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2008) 33 (2): 199–224.
Published: 01 April 2008
...., and G. Salancik. 1978 . The External Control of Organizations . New York: Harper and Row. PriceWaterhouseCoopers. 2005 . Sarbanes-Oxley . Health Research Institute (Notfor-Profit Healthcare Update, May [second in a series]). www.pwc.com/extweb/pwcpublications.nsf/docid...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (5): 1191–1200.
Published: 01 October 1999
...David M. Frankford Copyright © 1999 by Duke University Press 1999 References Breyer , S. G. 1982 . Regulation and Its Reform. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. Frankford , D. M. 1996 . Food Allergy and the Health Care Financing Administration: A Story of Rage. Widener...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2014) 39 (2): 417–440.
Published: 01 April 2014
... Townsend provided indispensable research assistance. References AHIP Center for Policy and Research “An Update on State External Review Programs, 2006, Appendix B,” 2008 July 1 www.ahip.org/State-External-Review-Report/ Antos Joseph R. “Bending the Cost Curve through Market-Based...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (5): 1099–1106.
Published: 01 October 1999
...Richard Kronick Copyright © 1999 by Duke University Press 1999 Reference Enthoven , Alain , and Richard Kronick. 1989 . A Consumer Choice Health Plan for the 1990s: Universal Health Insurance in a System Designed to Promote Quality and Economy. New England Journal of Medicine 320...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1990) 15 (1): 101–128.
Published: 01 February 1990
... levels would be externally determined by those markets. But it isn’t, and they aren’t (Culyer 1982; Evans 1984). Prices of medical services, Evans Tension, Compression, and Shear 107 in particular, show extreme variation between countries, and (where permitted) within...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2001) 26 (3): 557–580.
Published: 01 June 2001
... Times , 22 August, 1 . ———. 2000a . U.S. Recommending Strict New Rules at Nursing Homes. New York Times , 23 July, 1 . ———. 2000b . Forty States Forfeit Health Care Funds for Poor Children. New York Times ,24 September, 1 . Price, David. 1978 . Policymaking in Congressional Committees...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2016) 41 (3): 463–472.
Published: 01 June 2016
... loss deposits a large amount of money that is returned to him if he achieves a certain weight loss goal but is forfeited otherwise. Several studies have found that those participating in deposit contracts experience greater weight loss than those offered external financial rewards (Cawley and Price...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1982) 7 (2): 407–420.
Published: 01 April 1982
... they actually incur. Unlike Dowling, however, I take this definition literally. In particular, note that this definition does not require the presence of an external agency to establish rates.6 Too often, these mechanisms are confused, although the distinction is an important one. Prospective...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2003) 28 (4): 615–658.
Published: 01 August 2003
... are compared in the United States, Canada, Britain, and France by analyzing five features that distinguish the U.S. pluralist from the European corporatist approaches to policy development: representation (internal versus external), process (closed versus open), stance (informal,accommodative versus formal...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1997) 22 (2): 383–426.
Published: 01 April 1997
... to price. s Also requiring that they pay more in premiums to obtain more extensive health insurance coverage. s Letting the market determine the number and distribution of hospi- tals and what services they provide, as well as the total number of physicians and their distribution among...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (6): 1075–1106.
Published: 01 December 2006
...: pricing the externalities and internalizing the externalities. Policies that focus on pricing the externalities, an idea previously pro- posed by Wolff (1998), would make the criminal justice system a “payer” for health care services and require judges and other criminal justice deci- sion makers...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1998) 23 (2): 215–263.
Published: 01 April 1998
..., that insurance stimulates demand for care by lowering its price), and by congressional interest in demonstra- tion experiments with incentive-reimbursement of hospitals under Medi- care. Referring to all these circumstances, Newhouse and Vincent Taylor proposed a new form of hospital insurance, variable cost...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1983) 7 (4): 784–807.
Published: 01 August 1983
... be put in the form of a question: Should we define paternalistic measures by reference to their effects, or by reference to their intention or rationale? Robust common sense might suggest that we should frame our definition in terms of effects. Effects are observable in a way that intentions...