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buyer

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Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1995) 20 (2): 303–327.
Published: 01 April 1995
... of capital payment reform, we highlight some of the key provisions and assumptions of the new regulations, discuss the management implications of a changed capital payment system, and explore alternative models of hospital investment behavior in a world where one price for services for all buyers...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1992) 17 (3): 403–424.
Published: 01 June 1992
.... These two options cannot be viewed independently from trends in the private market. Sales of private long-term care policies have grown and between 30 percent and 40 percent of the elderly can be considered potential buyers. If private alternatives are available for those individuals who need asset...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1983) 8 (1): 44–75.
Published: 01 February 1983
... prevent deaths and disabilities, though there are differences of opinion as to the degree of protection afforded. Opponents of the requirement concentrate their substantive concerns on the propensity of the public to disconnect passive belts and the reluctance of prospective car buyers to pay...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 10 (4): 659–674.
Published: 01 August 1986
... market by 1982), or other large buyers of inpatient services, have selected hospitals on the basis of price as hypothesized by competition advocates. Copyright © 1986 by Duke University Press 1986 The Impact of Health Maintenance Organizations and Competition on Hospitals...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1984) 9 (2): 251–260.
Published: 01 April 1984
... to in the term “cost- shifting” is not equivalent to the cost of hospital care; rather, it is the cost of a “discount .” We distinguish here between two basic types of discounts. A communded discount is the percentage difference between the amount a hospital bills and the actual amount a buyer...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1991) 16 (3): 499–506.
Published: 01 June 1991
... all early efforts at cooperative control. The passive purchasers became active buyers, and, as Morone (1990: 166-7) has pointed out, the government's enlarged role "made health care inflation a public-sector problem." Table 1 summarizes the axes of change. The distrust already reflected...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1991) 16 (3): 499–506.
Published: 01 June 1991
... expenditure of their money by a profession that had frustrated all early efforts at cooperative control. The passive purchasers became active buyers, and, as Morone (1990: 166-7) has pointed out, the government's enlarged role "made health care inflation a public-sector problem." Table 1 summarizes...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (5): 1191–1200.
Published: 01 October 1999
.... By contrast, some of the responsibility for the market segmentation rests on insurers’ strategic use of information against different buyers, and much of the managed care regulatory effort is focused on these “information problems” in “imperfect markets.” In theory, a workably competitive market can...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1982) 7 (2): 460–487.
Published: 01 April 1982
...” is an institu- tion through which interaction of buyers and sellers determines prices and quantities of goods and services produced.’ The existence of “buyers” and “sellers” suggests that a market for any particular good has two sides, that is, a “demand side” and a “supply side.” Obviously buyers...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1978) 3 (3): 361–363.
Published: 01 June 1978
.... But thinking about the system as a market (or series of markets) involves more than a definitional exercise; it focuses our attention on certain behaviors of the actors within the system. In applying the market concept, we tend to emphasize the response of these actors (i.e., buyers...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2001) 26 (5): 1031–1044.
Published: 01 October 2001
... they provide. This will be the case when sell- ers of information are unable to prevent buyers from reselling the infor- mation to others. The inability of information sellers to prevent resale of their information potentially leads to the market failure of too little...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2006) 31 (3): 497–510.
Published: 01 June 2006
... with physicians to obtain price reductions. Physicians have contended that this ability to negotiate aggressively is due to health plans’ market power as buyers (that is, monopsony power). Physicians have explicitly asked for legislative exemption from the antitrust laws in order to bargain collec- tively...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (2012) 37 (4): 697–707.
Published: 01 August 2012
... see different prices charged by or accepted by different hospitals or doctors for what appear to be similar products, and even different prices charged by the same firms to different buyers (usually insurers) for apparently the same product. This untidiness causes some concern...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1983) 8 (1): 199–202.
Published: 01 February 1983
... consideration in hospital selection. Hospitals will not adopt a cost and price control strategy if they cannot actually attract consumers with lower prices. They will not compete on price, unless HMOs, and other large buyers of medical care, shop for hospital services and direct consumers to “best...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1983) 8 (3): 598–606.
Published: 01 June 1983
... alternative to both HMOs and more traditional insurance options.” Aetna is also developing CHOICE, a PPO arrangement in Evanston, Illinois. l9 Prudent buyer systems. The term “prudent buyer” has been applied to a variety of organizational arrangements, including joint purchasing arrange...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1986) 11 (3): 483–500.
Published: 01 June 1986
... with the temporal constraints inherent in the transaction. Efficient markets require informed, rational buyers and sellers. In an inter vivos market it is unlikely that these conditions would be met. An individual suffering from renal failure could conceivably advertise (as has been done) for a kidney...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1987) 12 (1): 53–76.
Published: 01 February 1987
..., Policy and Law 1. Policy content and format 2. Policy rate of return 3. Policy disclosure 4. Information available to buyers We used three measures of policy content and format. One measure is a var- iable indicating that policies are subject to minimum benefit standards. An ex...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1999) 24 (5): 1077–1093.
Published: 01 October 1999
...: Progressive Policy Institute, March. Hilgenkamp , Ramona , and Regina E. Herzlinger. 1995 . Empire Blue Cross and Blue Shield (A). Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing, case no. 195–216, August. Hof , Robert D. 1999 . The Buyer Always Wins. BusinessWeek, 22 March, EB 26–28...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1984) 9 (2): 269–279.
Published: 01 April 1984
... do not demand the services of surgeons, internists, HBPs, or hospitals as such, but only as inputs into the general product “health care.”4 Thus categorizing patients, hospitals, and different types of physicians into traditional “buyer and seller” relationships for purposes of eco- nomic...
Journal Article
J Health Polit Policy Law (1993) 18 (1): 189–202.
Published: 01 February 1993
... on the Black Market Under the conditions obtaining here, where there is a great disparity in value of a commodity (in this case, the transplantable organ) between its owners and potential buyers, economists would expect a black mar- ket to arise. There are, in fact, persistent reports of sales...