This paper examines the elderly's out-of-pocket health care expenditures by category of expense, before and after the inception of Medicare. It describes the shifting of out-of-pocket expenses from hospital care to nursing-home care, while physician services and drugs have remained prominent components of out-of-pocket expenditures. Recent corrosive trends in the protection against out-of-pocket liability are discussed and analyzed. The author contends that the raging debate over the Medicare program must include and recognize the concerns of the elderly consumer.
Robert W. Rosenblum; Medicare Revisited: A Look Through the Past to the Future. J Health Polit Policy Law 1 August 1985; 9 (4): 669–681. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-9-4-669
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