Evidence from the economics literature is examined with reference to whether prices of dental services tend to equal or exceed production costs, and whether dentists may be characterized as price-takers or price-setters. Ability to generalize from the methods and conceptualization of costs is important in evaluating the evidence. Dentists appear to act as price-takers, but market prices remain greater than production costs. Conditions sufficient to produce a fully competitive result are apparently lacking in the dental services market.
John E. Kushman; Pricing Dental Services: A Market Testing Approach. J Health Polit Policy Law 1 August 1981; 5 (4): 634–650. doi: https://doi.org/10.1215/03616878-5-4-634
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