The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was enacted in 2010 to address both high uninsured rates and rising health care spending through insurance expansion reforms and efforts to reduce waste. It was expected to have a variety of impacts in areas within the purview of economics, including effects on health care coverage, access to care, financial security, labor market decisions, health, and health care spending. To varying degrees, legislative, executive, and judicial actions have altered its implementation, affecting the extent to which expectations in each of these dimensions have been realized. We review the ACA's reforms, the subsequent actions that countered them, and the expected and realized effects on coverage, access to care, financial security, health, labor market decisions, and health care spending.

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