In this paper we present the results of an empirical study of Arizona's medical malpractice review panels. We compare insurance company claim files data from before and after the implementation of panels to analyze the effects of the panel system. The data indicate that although the frequency and average amount of recovery are not affected by the panel system, the system leads to an increase in the number of disputes seeking formal adjudication, an increase in the cost of the process, and a lengthening of the time within which disputes are resolved.

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