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tonality

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 347–379.
Published: 01 November 2015
... the puzzle by exploring: (1) the nature of poetic prosody, (2) tonal prosodic patterns in Chinese regulated verse, (3) problems with the Sanskrit origins hypothesis of Chinese tonal prosody, and (4) the pathways of Chinese poetic metricalization from the Six dynasties (222–589) to the Tang dynasty (618–907...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 380–418.
Published: 01 November 2015
... expression in pentasyllabic poetry ranging from the Southern and Northern dynasties 南北朝 (420–589) to the Sui 隋 (581–618) and the Tang 唐 (618–907) periods. Copyright © 2016 by Duke University Press 2016 pentasyllabic verse prosodic structure tonal alteration Datong reign of the Liang...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 324–346.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Chenqing Song Abstract Some researchers, including Wang Li 王力 (1900–1986) and Xu Qing 徐青 (1934–), have claimed—based on evidence provided by cursory observations of tonal arrangement—that pre-Yongming poets also attempted to create tonal contrast effects in pentasyllabic poems. In order to assess...
FIGURES
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Published: 01 November 2015
Figure 1. The factors influencing tonal distribution VP: Verse specific phenomena—the tonal distributional characteristics that are unique to Pre-Yongming pentasyllabic poems. LP: Language-conditioned phenomena—the tonal distributional characteristics caused by linguistic factors More
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 432–460.
Published: 01 November 2019
..., pitch, tonality, music, memory, and recitation existed in conceptual parallel to systems of visual knowledge of heavenly bodies, light, color, and the written record. Masters of the former set of skills were frequently blind and entrusted with a distinct set of ritual and advisory functions, including...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 286–323.
Published: 01 November 2015
... ultimately moved toward greater tonal regulation similarly is due in large part to greater attention to the role of musical rhythm. Copyright © 2016 by Duke University Press 2016 pentasyllabic shi poetry music prosody balanced foot unbalanced foot tonal regulation Pentasyllabic shi 詩...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 419–443.
Published: 01 November 2015
... (official rhyme book) in Chinese history, the author argues for its more private and personal nature and brings to light a different picture of pre-Tang “tonal and rhyming” culture. Copyright © 2016 by Duke University Press 2016 yunshu 韻書 (rhyme books) Qieyun 切韻 (Spelling Rhymes) zhiyin 知音 (one...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
..., the 2 + 3 rhythm of pentasyllabic shi poetry allows for an unprecedented grammatical flexibility within a line and a smooth flow from one line to the next. In addition, this new rhythm facilitates greater use of parallel syntax between two lines in a couplet and lays the ground for a tonal regulation...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 89–112.
Published: 01 April 2021
... length. The former is usually achieved through tonal patterns in and between lines, and the latter through the format stipulating a certain length of lines in a poem. However, the latter also serves as a foundation for the former in the sense that the rhythmic effect created by the patterned tones can...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 573–576.
Published: 01 November 2015
... and “The System of Tonal Pattern Analysis of Chinese Classic Poetry” 中國古代詩歌聲律分析系統. He has also published about sixty papers in academic journals and has won several book prizes in China. LI E is a visiting senior lecturer at Portland State University. Her primary research interest is premodern Chinese...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 66–94.
Published: 01 April 2018
... connections to musical performance: the “music bureau pieces” ( yuefu 樂府) of the Han (206 BC–220 AD) and Six Dynasties, and musical shi 詩 poetry, especially of the tonally regulated “recent style” ( jinti 近體) developed during the latter period and reaching its height of popularity during the Tang. 8...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 545–572.
Published: 01 November 2015
... to form a disyllabic or trisyllabic prosodic and lexical unit. Each monosyllabic sound carries one or more tonal registers at a given historical period. These four related or intertwined properties set the direction of Chinese poetry at the outset and have shaped its development ever since...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 148–178.
Published: 01 April 2018
..., Sōseki “took his major inspiration as a kanshi poet from the Gozan poets [i.e., medieval Zen poets of the ‘Five Mountains’].” 44 In form, Sōseki seems to borrow the Gozan poets' predilection for jinti shi 近體詩 (recent-style poetry), which follows strict syntactic, structural, and tonal regulations...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... of words themselves. This process, of course, was exceedingly long and slow; the Yongming 永明 (483–93) tonal-regulation movement of the early medieval period, not to mention the mature formation of recent-style regulated poetry of the early Tang 唐 (618–907), may both rightly be viewed as the results...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (2): 215–232.
Published: 01 November 2016
... “natural rhythm” ( ziran de yinjie 自然的音節) that differs from the rigid tonal requirements found in classical poetry. 2 The concept of natural rhythm was first advocated by Hu merely as a strategy to liberate poetry from its more regulated form. Yet, during the 1920s, this notion received a lot...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 186–215.
Published: 01 November 2014
... couplets was part of early education in the Tang Dynasty, it seems that shenglü (tone and rhythm) and dui'ou (paired phrases) were not yet in the curriculum. As of the Northern Song, however, creating paired phrases according to tonal and rhyming rules for shi poems 詩 and rhapsodies ( fu 賦) had...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 April 2021
... to the rhythmic structures of shi poetry, used extrametrical words to create poetic lines typical of regulated verse in terms of both length and tonal pattern, avoided repetition of words in parallel lines, made use of opposing tonal patterns in conformity with the aesthetic of shi poetry, and used rhyming...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 163–202.
Published: 01 April 2021
... (compatibility of musical note and tonal contour of the syllable), 30 and vocalization (human voice). 31 In a tongue-in-cheek fashion, the following song by Guan Yunshi 貫雲石 (1286–1324) sheds some light on the primacy of the aesthetic power of sung sound relative to the written or spoken word...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 481–514.
Published: 01 November 2015
... poems has focused on the principles of tonal patterning within pentasyllabic jinti 近體 (regulated verse), with the tonal and rhyme schemes of the ancient forms still awaiting specialized research. While I am unaware of previous authors having made reference to the idea of “narrative rhythm,” which I...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2024) 11 (1): 48–90.
Published: 01 April 2024
... of Painting in the Northern and Southern Song dynasties (see, e.g., fig. 5 ). Gold appears in the monkey's fur through highlighted streaks while also blending in overall with the subtle variations and tonalities of brown. This was a highly unusual and precious material to be used in a painting of an animal...
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