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tonality

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 324–346.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Chenqing Song Abstract Some researchers, including Wang Li 王力 (1900–1986) and Xu Qing 徐青 (1934–), have claimed—based on evidence provided by cursory observations of tonal arrangement—that pre-Yongming poets also attempted to create tonal contrast effects in pentasyllabic poems. In order to assess...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 347–379.
Published: 01 November 2015
... the puzzle by exploring: (1) the nature of poetic prosody, (2) tonal prosodic patterns in Chinese regulated verse, (3) problems with the Sanskrit origins hypothesis of Chinese tonal prosody, and (4) the pathways of Chinese poetic metricalization from the Six dynasties (222–589) to the Tang dynasty (618–907...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 380–418.
Published: 01 November 2015
... expression in pentasyllabic poetry ranging from the Southern and Northern dynasties 南北朝 (420–589) to the Sui 隋 (581–618) and the Tang 唐 (618–907) periods. Copyright © 2016 by Duke University Press 2016 pentasyllabic verse prosodic structure tonal alteration Datong reign of the Liang...
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Published: 01 November 2015
Figure 1. The factors influencing tonal distribution VP: Verse specific phenomena—the tonal distributional characteristics that are unique to Pre-Yongming pentasyllabic poems. LP: Language-conditioned phenomena—the tonal distributional characteristics caused by linguistic factors More
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 432–460.
Published: 01 November 2019
..., pitch, tonality, music, memory, and recitation existed in conceptual parallel to systems of visual knowledge of heavenly bodies, light, color, and the written record. Masters of the former set of skills were frequently blind and entrusted with a distinct set of ritual and advisory functions, including...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 286–323.
Published: 01 November 2015
... ultimately moved toward greater tonal regulation similarly is due in large part to greater attention to the role of musical rhythm. 68. Zong-qi Cai has characterized the yuefu “Mulberry on the Bank” as a “compendium of repetitions” and argues that the wider variety in the use of repetition...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 419–443.
Published: 01 November 2015
... (official rhyme book) in Chinese history, the author argues for its more private and personal nature and brings to light a different picture of pre-Tang “tonal and rhyming” culture. Copyright © 2016 by Duke University Press 2016 yunshu 韻書 (rhyme books) Qieyun 切韻 (Spelling Rhymes) zhiyin 知音 (one...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
..., the 2 + 3 rhythm of pentasyllabic shi poetry allows for an unprecedented grammatical flexibility within a line and a smooth flow from one line to the next. In addition, this new rhythm facilitates greater use of parallel syntax between two lines in a couplet and lays the ground for a tonal regulation...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 89–112.
Published: 01 April 2021
... extrametrical words at the beginning to make five-syllable regulated lines. The lines strictly adhere to the tonal patterns of regulated verse, in which the tones of the second syllable and fourth syllable in each line are opposites and the tones of the second and fourth syllables in the former lines are also...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 573–576.
Published: 01 November 2015
... and “The System of Tonal Pattern Analysis of Chinese Classic Poetry” 中國古代詩歌聲律分析系統. He has also published about sixty papers in academic journals and has won several book prizes in China. LI E is a visiting senior lecturer at Portland State University. Her primary research interest is premodern Chinese...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 66–94.
Published: 01 April 2018
... connections to musical performance: the “music bureau pieces” ( yuefu 樂府) of the Han (206 BC–220 AD) and Six Dynasties, and musical shi 詩 poetry, especially of the tonally regulated “recent style” ( jinti 近體) developed during the latter period and reaching its height of popularity during the Tang. 8...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 545–572.
Published: 01 November 2015
... characters easily combine with one or two other characters to form a disyllabic or trisyllabic prosodic and lexical unit. Each monosyllabic sound carries one or more tonal registers at a given historical period. These four related or intertwined properties set the direction of Chinese poetry...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 148–178.
Published: 01 April 2018
... of the tonal patterning of recent-style poetry or, as in this case, in deliberate violation of the customary semantic rhythms within the line. If we were to reconstruct the poet's creative process of this couplet, we would probably get the following first: Chilly yellow chrysanthemums dot the hedge, 寒黃菊/點...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... discourse, he considered radiance and breath to be central, and tonal resonance secondary” 自稱私淑於桐城,而欲少矯其懦緩之失,故持論以光氣為主,以音響為輔. See Qian J., Jindai Zhongguo shiliao congkan xubian , 83:27 , where he points out his meticulousness concerning the sound of essays. 38. Zeng G., Zeng Guofan quanji , 20:406...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (2): 215–232.
Published: 01 November 2016
... “natural rhythm” ( ziran de yinjie 自然的音節) that differs from the rigid tonal requirements found in classical poetry. 2 The concept of natural rhythm was first advocated by Hu merely as a strategy to liberate poetry from its more regulated form. Yet, during the 1920s, this notion received a lot...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 186–215.
Published: 01 November 2014
... to tonal and rhyming rules for shi poems 詩 and rhapsodies ( fu 賦) had become an important component of primary education. Jingzhao fu xiaoxue gui 京兆府小學規 (Principles of Primary Schools in the Capital Prefecture), published in 1054, records details of the curriculum: The next day teachers explain two...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 April 2021
... to the rhythmic structures of shi poetry, used extrametrical words to create poetic lines typical of regulated verse in terms of both length and tonal pattern, avoided repetition of words in parallel lines, made use of opposing tonal patterns in conformity with the aesthetic of shi poetry, and used rhyming...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 163–202.
Published: 01 April 2021
... or extrametrical words ( chenzi 襯字), but also the aural dimension operated at the level of musicality ( qupai 曲牌, alternatively rendered as “tune pattern,” “melodic model,” or “song matrix”), singability (compatibility of musical note and tonal contour of the syllable), 30 and vocalization (human voice). 31...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 481–514.
Published: 01 November 2015
... poems has focused on the principles of tonal patterning within pentasyllabic jinti 近體 (regulated verse), with the tonal and rhyme schemes of the ancient forms still awaiting specialized research. While I am unaware of previous authors having made reference to the idea of “narrative rhythm,” which I...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 383–419.
Published: 01 November 2017
... technically proficient with tonal meter, but this poem appears to show certain flaws, repeating a binome and altogether failing to express sadness at parting with his friend. What sense is to be made of this and the other Yifanfeng poems? I argue that meaning emerges through reading these poems...