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syntax and structure

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 545–572.
Published: 01 November 2015
... endowed with meaning, sound patterns tend to be semantic groupings as well. These groupings of meaning, in turn, determine syntax and, by extension, the organization of an entire poem. Given the semantic denseness of Chinese poetry, this structure is crucial to the overall meaning of a poem, to how we...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 444–480.
Published: 01 November 2015
... prosody (four syllables per line) and prosaic prosody (six syllables per line) combine in parallel prose to form a syntax free of spatiotemporal markers, which in turn opens up an array of creative possibilities for the reader based on his or her individual subjectivity. The text used to demonstrate...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 148–178.
Published: 01 April 2018
..., Sōseki “took his major inspiration as a kanshi poet from the Gozan poets [i.e., medieval Zen poets of the ‘Five Mountains’].” 44 In form, Sōseki seems to borrow the Gozan poets' predilection for jinti shi 近體詩 (recent-style poetry), which follows strict syntactic, structural, and tonal regulations...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
..., yet in turn, the subject + predicate and topic+comment syntax provides the basic frameworks for stanzaic and compositional organization, giving birth to three archetypal structures of Chinese poetry. While some traditional Chinese critics intuitively spoke of sentences, sections, and the entire...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 380–418.
Published: 01 November 2015
... verse. The increased use of 2–2–1 prosodic structure of the pentasyllabic lines of this period indicates that the fourth syllable in the line had become a defining caesural point. Furthermore, the emergence of this new regulation will be shown in relation to the growing need for semantic and aesthetic...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 163–202.
Published: 01 April 2021
..., the monosyllabicity of the Chinese language enables “a unique convergence of prosodic and semantic rhythm,” which in turn powers a “dynamic interplay of rhythm, syntax, and structure.” 28 For this reason, line length plays a crucial role in discussions of the expressive potential of poetry. 29 In the case...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 203–235.
Published: 01 April 2021
...), the penultimate and ultimate sentences were typically structured as “one half of X” and “one half of Y.” The following song by Guan Hanqing 關漢卿 (fl. 13th century), the last of a series of four on the subject of love ( tiqing 題情), in a spirited rendition by J. I. Crump illustrates this convergence of form, syntax...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 250–275.
Published: 01 November 2018
... more structure behind them. Interpretation and conceptualization of the data still lie with the scholar, but the computational power of generalization brings analysis of data to a new level that may allow us to see poetry from a new perspective. The present article has two main goals. First, I...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 286–323.
Published: 01 November 2015
... derive from its structure? Clearly, this is not simply a linguistic problem or an artistic problem. Put more concretely, it is a problem of musicology and poetics. What is a poem? In the words of contemporary scholar Yang Gongji 楊公驥, “to address the special characteristics of the genre, a poem...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 491–501.
Published: 01 November 2020
... the book—Durrant, Li, and Schaberg have come up with carefully crafted yet uncontrived renderings that stay closer to the syntax of the original than Legge's. The translators have thankfully exercised restraint concerning footnotes: rather than overburdening the text with philological subtleties drawn...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 324–346.
Published: 01 November 2015
... such as the or a , creating a frequent weak-strong stress alternation at the beginning of lines of verse. So when studying the evolution of iambic meter in English, researchers must be able to separate the weak-strong arrangement of stresses caused by syntax, lexicon, morphology, and so forth (called language-conditioned...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 481–514.
Published: 01 November 2015
... patterning but also to narrative mode, line and verse structure, and so forth, with detailed discussion to follow. Shi zhong you wen 詩中有文 (prose within poem) is not a typical formulation in the field of Du Fu studies; indeed, when the concept was first introduced by scholars of the Song period 宋 (960...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
.... But even if we speak strictly about so-called prose writing, we can say that Han fu , in its tendency to take the form of parallel paired lines, opened up the way for the meticulous attention to parallel syntax, fine phraseology, and the tonal regulation that would later characterize pianwen 駢文...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 411–469.
Published: 01 November 2020
... and history,” the methodology's intrinsic interpretative structure, its influence in subsequent eras, and its significance in the contemporary period. Chen Chaishan's work investigates the editions and editing formats of Qian's Commentary and the transmutation of commentaries to Du Fu's poetry from Song...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 331–358.
Published: 01 November 2019
... thematic and formal inspiration from both traditions. Some consciously capitalized on the popularity of established subjects and narrative structures to reach a diverse readership. Su'an, for instance, voiced his criticism of contemporary plays in the “Authorial Notes” to Lotus Dream . He also referred...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 207–248.
Published: 01 April 2015
... the Grand Prospect Garden in all its physical and visual dimensions, using shared visual idioms and syntaxes of the day. 2 In other words, in addressing the intricate interplay and intersections of zhen and jia , Stone does more than rehash an inherited literary theme or rhetorical device. Drawing...
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