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scholar-official community

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (1): 149–166.
Published: 01 April 2020
..., the protagonist is wed to both the daughter of a boatman and the daughter of a Mongol official. But while this double marriage offers the possibility of a productive overcoming of the distinctions between scholar and merchant and between Chinese and barbarian, the tragic fate of the renxiong forecloses any...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 216–240.
Published: 01 November 2014
..., Zhuangzi ji shi 莊子集釋 (Beijing: Zhonghua, 1961), 17.604. 24. Yuan, Tao Yuanming , 368 . Copyright © 2014 by Duke University Press 2014 Tao Yuanming cultural symbol Chinese culture scholar-official community Tao Yuanming 陶淵明 (ca. 365–427; Tao Qian 陶潛 being his formal name...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 461–482.
Published: 01 November 2019
... to illustrate the historical reception of Tao within the entire scholar-official community. We believe these newly unearthed epitaphs provide relatively solid entry to study the scholar-officials' perception and reconstruction of Tao as cultural symbol under a wider social scope. Recently, a collection...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 29–64.
Published: 01 November 2014
... highlighted indigenous factors. Pointing to the political, administrative, and educational practices of the Mongol rulers, scholars in the first camp underscored the relative lack of official opportunities for Chinese literary elites, the reputed illiteracy of the Mongol leadership, the absence of effective...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 419–443.
Published: 01 November 2015
..., and the Yunlue [Concise Rhymes] was sent to the Ministry of Rites, the verse and composition of Presented Scholars would not be selected if they did not follow it, and the dismissal and recruitment of officials were also decided by this. 1 One Yunlue of the Ministry of Rites hence became the golden rule...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 113–138.
Published: 01 April 2021
... examples for interpersonal communications by daily encyclopedias of the Song and Yuan dynasties. For instance, scholars Tang Guizhang 唐圭璋 (1901–1990) and Wang Zhongwen 王仲聞 (1901–1969) have found many ci song lyrics written for celebrating in the Shiwen leiju hanmo daquan 事文類聚翰墨大全 (The Complete...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (1): 19–55.
Published: 01 April 2017
... the collective nature and communicative function of his banquet song lyrics. Thanks to the work of contemporary Chinese scholar Yao Huilan, we have a better grasp of the diverse regional and social identities of Xiang Ziyin's guests, many of them lesser-known figures. The community assembled in the banquets...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 59–88.
Published: 01 April 2021
... shining swords and halberds 鶯花寨明颩颩排劍戟 At the village of kingfisher green and red, you vigorously applied strategies and schemes 翠紅鄉雄糾糾施謀智 4 You composed belle lettres, and your style was beautiful 作詞章、風韻美 Within the grove of literati scholars, your peers submitted to you. 士林中、等輩伏低 6...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 371–398.
Published: 01 November 2021
.... It also highlights the active role of Han scholar-officials in adapting, in the textual realm, to Manchu ethnic and cultural differences. The Nei ze yanyi and the Xiao jing yanyi show the simultaneous, strategic processes of adaptation and differentiation at work and the simultaneous agency of Manchu...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 435–441.
Published: 01 November 2021
... of the Western Bower) and Liu Mengmei 柳夢梅 from Mudan ting 牡丹亭 (The Peony Pavilion) pale in comparison. Third, this play gives equal weight to romance and hermitage and treats seclusion as the most satisfactory conclusion. Scholar-officials abandoning officialdom and adopting a life of reclusion is an often...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 306–335.
Published: 01 November 2017
... culture. Yao's representation of the Tang as a dynamic, politically engaged literati community was certainly intended to inspire his fellow Northern Song scholar-officials who were also seeking to place both civil values and literary writing at the center of their new dynasty. In its entirety, the Wen...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 383–411.
Published: 01 November 2019
... of, and across a range of social positions; their accounts tell us of men from scholar-official families engaging in trade, sons of merchant families attaining positions in the bureaucracy, literati from poor families marrying the daughters of wealthy merchants, and wealthy merchants devoting themselves...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (1): 34–59.
Published: 01 April 2020
... a variety of strategies to prevail in the competitions of political authority and legitimacy. This article examines the northern emperor Tuoba Tao's (408–452, r. 423–452) self-representation in his letters delivered to the southern audience at the height of the two states' military struggle. Scholars have...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 1–11.
Published: 01 April 2021
... of professional performers, the realm of scholar-officials and literati, the world of publishing venues, and religious institutions, to name some of the most salient. In the first part of this special issue, the articles attend to one of the distinctive features of sanqu songs: their close relationship...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 43–91.
Published: 01 April 2015
...: two men in official costumes standing in the middle of the hall around an altar offer a toast; they are Mo Zhen's son, Dan, who is on the left side of the altar, and his nephew Mo Hong 莫宏 ( juren degree ca. 1453) on the right side; both earned the status of juren 舉人 (Recommended Scholar). 91...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 163–202.
Published: 01 April 2021
... interpreting the author as speaking on behalf of an imagined community of scholar-officials, rather than uniquely from his personal perspective. For this reason, in my translation, I fill in the implied subjects and conjugate the verbs using the plural we rather than the singular I pronoun. [ Zhonglü...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 34–65.
Published: 01 April 2018
... governing elite. The article closes with an examination of how the Han elite grappled with the problems presented by the deceptiveness of appearance. Ultimately, this “somatic interpretation” of Han political culture explores some of the same issues vital to scholars of literature and philosophy: How do we...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 248–278.
Published: 01 November 2017
... primary record for this change in Wuzu Shijie's image was the work of Huihong. He constructed Wuzu Shijie's image and put great effort into promoting it within the literary community of scholar-officials. He simultaneously incorporated Chan discourse into his portrait, creating the impression...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 399–421.
Published: 01 November 2021
... largely neglected: scholarly practices, that is, how scholars collected books and documents, shared materials and communicated with each other; how they read and made sense of various texts; whether they used similar methods and approaches to reading; and how their reading interacted...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 360–382.
Published: 01 November 2017
... fellow scholar-officials, for example, strove to and succeeded in earning honorary titles for parents and other remote ancestors. Quite a few of Bao's contemporaries insisted on it at the expense of their own promotions and were praised accordingly, even when their requests were rejected by the court...