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parallelism

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 444–480.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Shengli Feng; Ash Henson Abstract The term pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose) comes from the main characteristic of the genre, while its other name—literally, “four-six prose” in Chinese—comes from its form. Theoretically, the aesthetic of the four-six configuration for Chinese writers is rooted...
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Published: 01 November 2018
Figure 6. Automatic highlighting of differences between parallels (visualization from Chinese Text Project, ctext.org/text.pl?node=3898&if=en&show=parallel ) Figure 6. Automatic highlighting of differences between parallels (visualization from Chinese Text Project, ctext.org/text.pl More
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Published: 01 November 2018
Figure 7. Parallel passage similarity (data from Sturgeon, “Unsupervised Identification of Text Reuse”) Figure 7. Parallel passage similarity (data from Sturgeon, “Unsupervised Identification of Text Reuse”) More
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Published: 01 November 2018
Figure 8. Parallel passage similarity visualized as a network graph. Colorization follows figure 4 . Figure 8. Parallel passage similarity visualized as a network graph. Colorization follows figure 4. More
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 89–112.
Published: 01 April 2021
... songs hybridize traditional literary elements with the up-and-coming form of sanqu . This article examines how Zhang embodied the aesthetics of classical poetry in the format of sanqu through a detailed examination of meter, parallel lines, and rhyme. Also, to demonstrate that the synthetic style...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 239–260.
Published: 01 November 2021
...Xinda Lian Abstract The secret of the “cumulative structure,” one of Zhuangzi's favorite rhetorical devices, is “adding.” To add is not to repeat but to arrange meanings of different shapes in various incremental parallel structures. This effective tool is used in his chapter titled “The Great...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 256–272.
Published: 01 April 2022
... that the rhetoric of involution deserves closer investigation, and focus particular attention on involution's origins in the field of aesthetics and the rise of involutionary parallelism in the Ming-Qing examination essay. It is here that the dynamics of cultural capital that dominate in the Ming and Qing...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 186–215.
Published: 01 November 2014
.... The increased use and popularity of shenglü primers, especially in primary education from the Song forward, is explored in section 2. The third section illustrates how shenglü primers emphasized an integration of yun (rhyme) and dui (paired phrasing or parallelism). While tracing the rise of shiyun shu (poetic...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 286–323.
Published: 01 November 2015
... stage of its development, poets focused primarily on the balance in the foot of each line and the balance within poetic lines. Later they focused increasingly on balance in the combination of monosyllabic words and in the parallel arrangement of lines in couplets. The fact that pentasyllabic shi poetry...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 432–460.
Published: 01 November 2019
..., pitch, tonality, music, memory, and recitation existed in conceptual parallel to systems of visual knowledge of heavenly bodies, light, color, and the written record. Masters of the former set of skills were frequently blind and entrusted with a distinct set of ritual and advisory functions, including...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 339–381.
Published: 01 November 2020
... Chinese prose art parallel prose ancient-style prose eight-legged essay References Baldick, Chris . The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms . Oxford : Oxford University Press , 1996 . Cai, Zong-qi . “ Prologue: A Historical Overview of Six Dynasties Aesthetics...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 186–213.
Published: 01 November 2018
...Figure 6. Automatic highlighting of differences between parallels (visualization from Chinese Text Project, ctext.org/text.pl?node=3898&if=en&show=parallel ) Figure 6. Automatic highlighting of differences between parallels (visualization from Chinese Text Project, ctext.org/text.pl...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 275–330.
Published: 01 November 2019
... Characteristics of Parallel Prose .” In Studies in Chinese Literature , edited by John L. Bishop , 108 – 39 . Cambridge, MA : Harvard University Press , 1965 . Hu Ping 胡萍 . “Zuo zhuan ge ou yao song yongyun fenxi” 《左传》歌讴谣诵用韵分析 ( Analyses of Rhyming in the Songs and Verses of the Zuo Commentary...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
..., the 2 + 3 rhythm of pentasyllabic shi poetry allows for an unprecedented grammatical flexibility within a line and a smooth flow from one line to the next. In addition, this new rhythm facilitates greater use of parallel syntax between two lines in a couplet and lays the ground for a tonal regulation...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 1–7.
Published: 01 April 2022
... Qu Yuan Epic,” the narrative of a composite Qu Yuan 屈原 (trad. 340–278 BCE) persona that is distributed across multiple prose and poetic texts within and beyond the Chuci 楚辭. Based on his close and original analysis of the Lisao as a discontinuous and nonlinear sum total of parallel discourses...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 287–312.
Published: 01 November 2020
.... For uses of the term, see ibid., 2.40 and 3.110. 27. Kong, Shangshu zhengyi , 11.459 . 26. Yen, Beichao fojiao , 3–4 . 25. This character is illegible. 24. The word ai 藹 typically means peaceful, but here this word would most appropriately be parallel in meaning...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 47–78.
Published: 01 April 2022
... parallelism,” in which “a couplet whose two lines each have two grammatical structures, and the structures pair off two by two” (54). Then, in a couplet taken from the second poem in the same series, we have a different kind of poetic configuration, more commonly seen than the ambiguous parallelism above...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 306–335.
Published: 01 November 2017
... of the Wen xuan : it contains 2,058 individual texts by 362 writers, organized in nineteen genre categories and divided into one hundred juan . 2 In his explicitly polemical selections, Yao Xuan excluded both regulated poetry and parallel prose—two of the most common forms of Tang literature. He also...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 336–359.
Published: 01 November 2017
... in the mid-eleventh-century Guwen protest was the requirement of using parallel prose in the civil service examinations. 19 Shi Jie's criticism of the “ wen of today” specifically targets that style. The dichotomy Shi describes and the radically functionalist approach he employs in these letters...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... influences of Sima Qian 司馬遷 and Ban Gu 班固 said: The Shiji still uses free-style composition; but when we arrive at the Hanshu , the language is ornate and finely worked, boasting the generous use of parallelism and lengthy sentences. This is the result of the influence of the Songs of Chu and the Han...