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parallelism

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 444–480.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Shengli Feng; Ash Henson Abstract The term pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose) comes from the main characteristic of the genre, while its other name—literally, “four-six prose” in Chinese—comes from its form. Theoretically, the aesthetic of the four-six configuration for Chinese writers is rooted...
FIGURES | View All (4)
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Published: 01 November 2018
Figure 6. Automatic highlighting of differences between parallels (visualization from Chinese Text Project, ctext.org/text.pl?node=3898&if=en&show=parallel ) More
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Published: 01 November 2018
Figure 7. Parallel passage similarity (data from Sturgeon, “Unsupervised Identification of Text Reuse”) More
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Published: 01 November 2018
Figure 8. Parallel passage similarity visualized as a network graph. Colorization follows figure 4 . More
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 89–112.
Published: 01 April 2021
... songs hybridize traditional literary elements with the up-and-coming form of sanqu . This article examines how Zhang embodied the aesthetics of classical poetry in the format of sanqu through a detailed examination of meter, parallel lines, and rhyme. Also, to demonstrate that the synthetic style...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 239–260.
Published: 01 November 2021
...Xinda Lian Abstract The secret of the “cumulative structure,” one of Zhuangzi's favorite rhetorical devices, is “adding.” To add is not to repeat but to arrange meanings of different shapes in various incremental parallel structures. This effective tool is used in his chapter titled “The Great...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 256–272.
Published: 01 April 2022
... that the rhetoric of involution deserves closer investigation, and focus particular attention on involution's origins in the field of aesthetics and the rise of involutionary parallelism in the Ming-Qing examination essay. It is here that the dynamics of cultural capital that dominate in the Ming and Qing...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 432–460.
Published: 01 November 2019
..., pitch, tonality, music, memory, and recitation existed in conceptual parallel to systems of visual knowledge of heavenly bodies, light, color, and the written record. Masters of the former set of skills were frequently blind and entrusted with a distinct set of ritual and advisory functions, including...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 186–215.
Published: 01 November 2014
.... The increased use and popularity of shenglü primers, especially in primary education from the Song forward, is explored in section 2. The third section illustrates how shenglü primers emphasized an integration of yun (rhyme) and dui (paired phrasing or parallelism). While tracing the rise of shiyun shu (poetic...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 286–323.
Published: 01 November 2015
... stage of its development, poets focused primarily on the balance in the foot of each line and the balance within poetic lines. Later they focused increasingly on balance in the combination of monosyllabic words and in the parallel arrangement of lines in couplets. The fact that pentasyllabic shi poetry...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 339–381.
Published: 01 November 2020
... as the epitome of cultural accomplishment and condemned as decadence leading to the fall of dynasties. The dramatically changing fortunes of parallel prose are a classic case in point. At different times, polemic arguments for or against certain prose forms ushered in broad new literary and cultural movements...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 186–213.
Published: 01 November 2018
...Figure 6. Automatic highlighting of differences between parallels (visualization from Chinese Text Project, ctext.org/text.pl?node=3898&if=en&show=parallel ) ...
FIGURES | View All (8)
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 275–330.
Published: 01 November 2019
...韻 (consonance; i.e., homoeoteleuton), repetition and parallelism, phrase-internal rhyming and cross-rhyming, and quotation and citation. 10 When viewed in toto, the speeches also show how phonetically patterned sections tend to alternate with passages featuring no obvious phonorhetorical devices...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
..., the 2 + 3 rhythm of pentasyllabic shi poetry allows for an unprecedented grammatical flexibility within a line and a smooth flow from one line to the next. In addition, this new rhythm facilitates greater use of parallel syntax between two lines in a couplet and lays the ground for a tonal regulation...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 1–7.
Published: 01 April 2022
... Qu Yuan Epic,” the narrative of a composite Qu Yuan 屈原 (trad. 340–278 BCE) persona that is distributed across multiple prose and poetic texts within and beyond the Chuci 楚辭. Based on his close and original analysis of the Lisao as a discontinuous and nonlinear sum total of parallel discourses...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 287–312.
Published: 01 November 2020
... is written in standard parallel prose, and the language shows knowledge of contemporary philosophical discussions. The explanation echoes standard accounts of such aspects in Buddhist (or Daoist) doctrine and bears a striking similarity to the writings of the influential Buddhist thinker Seng Zhao (僧肇 384...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 47–78.
Published: 01 April 2022
...兩開,他日淚 The forlorn boat is tied up for good, and my thoughts go home. 孤舟一繫,故園心 We have here an example of “ambiguous parallelism,” in which “a couplet whose two lines each have two grammatical structures, and the structures pair off two by two” (54). Then, in a couplet taken from...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 306–335.
Published: 01 November 2017
... into one hundred juan . 2 In his explicitly polemical selections, Yao Xuan excluded both regulated poetry and parallel prose—two of the most common forms of Tang literature. He also centered his selections on a narrow group of writers from the mid-Tang era, and the anthology later became known...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 336–359.
Published: 01 November 2017
... that textual delicacy and prosodic regulations are enemies of good writing because they do not help—and may even hurt—good governance. As many have pointed out, what was at stake in the mid-eleventh-century Guwen protest was the requirement of using parallel prose in the civil service examinations. 19...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 487–491.
Published: 01 November 2019
... the symbolic importance of women's subservient status in the parallel cosmological and social realms. Empresses Ma 馬 (39–79) and Deng 鄧 (81–121) of the Eastern Han both held long-term control of the throne but “retained the pretense of rule by proxy” (29) and were depicted as upholding the conventional...