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parallel prose

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 444–480.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Shengli Feng; Ash Henson Abstract The term pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose) comes from the main characteristic of the genre, while its other name—literally, “four-six prose” in Chinese—comes from its form. Theoretically, the aesthetic of the four-six configuration for Chinese writers is rooted in the...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... to rehearse here. But even if we speak strictly about so-called prose writing, we can say that Han fu , in its tendency to take the form of parallel paired lines, opened up the way for the meticulous attention to parallel syntax, fine phraseology, and the tonal regulation that would later...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 481–514.
Published: 01 November 2015
... 唐庚 (1069–1120): “Tang . . . has said that ‘while the ancients did not employ parallelism [as regards tonal category], tone yet lingers in their prose lines; in the striding paces [of their compositions], still there is rhythm’: this is what is meant by verse present within prose” 唐 ...... 曰:「古人雖不用儷偶...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 306–335.
Published: 01 November 2017
... genre categories and divided into one hundred juan . 2 In his explicitly polemical selections, Yao Xuan excluded both regulated poetry and parallel prose—two of the most common forms of Tang literature. He also centered his selections on a narrow group of writers from the mid-Tang era, and the...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2016) 3 (1): 137–174.
Published: 01 April 2016
... the veracity of their sources; nonetheless, their literary value was always affirmed. The rhapsodic prose-poetic tradition of the Han dynasty was itself fostered by the exaggerated descriptive style of apocryphal texts. Copyright © 2016 by Duke University Press 2016 apocryphal literature the...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2014) 1 (1-2): 186–215.
Published: 01 November 2014
.... The increased use and popularity of shenglü primers, especially in primary education from the Song forward, is explored in section 2. The third section illustrates how shenglü primers emphasized an integration of yun (rhyme) and dui (paired phrasing or parallelism). While tracing the rise of shiyun...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 286–323.
Published: 01 November 2015
... stage of its development, poets focused primarily on the balance in the foot of each line and the balance within poetic lines. Later they focused increasingly on balance in the combination of monosyllabic words and in the parallel arrangement of lines in couplets. The fact that pentasyllabic shi poetry...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
... interplay of poetry and prose. Shengli Feng and Ash Henson's article explores the dynamic interplay of poetry and prose from the perspective of prose. Feng and Henson take a balanced blending of poetry and prose rhythms to be the hallmark of “parallel prose” ( pianwen 駢文). They argue that the “four-six...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 336–359.
Published: 01 November 2017
..., what was at stake in the mid-eleventh-century Guwen protest was the requirement of using parallel prose in the civil service examinations. 19 Shi Jie's criticism of the “ wen of today” specifically targets that style. The dichotomy Shi describes and the radically functionalist approach he employs...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 545–572.
Published: 01 November 2015
...), yu 於 (in), yi 以 (in order to), et cetera. This creates a new rhythm, 3+connective +2, a rhythm of prose rather than poetry. This new “prosified” rhythm is slower and less powerful than that of early Chuci works and seems to reflect a shift from shamanistic performance to an oral narrative...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2018) 5 (2): 179–185.
Published: 01 November 2018
... “ancient-style prose” ( guwen 古文) anthologies argues that such collections represent successive attempts to overturn the canon of model examination essays. He offers a new take on Ming literary history by demonstrating that the debate over prose was organized not around an imitative-expressionist...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2016) 3 (2): 357–399.
Published: 01 November 2016
... of style was in itself a major statement. By so doing Lu Xun rejected the ornate, Qing-identified pian wen 駢文 (parallel prose) but also bucked the popular trend toward a modernized, simple wenyan wen 文言文 (classical prose) used by Liang Qichao 梁啟超 (1873–1929) in his journal Xinmin bao 新民報 (The...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2018) 5 (1): 95–118.
Published: 01 April 2018
... parallel-prose preface to the anthology that recounts the circumstances and occasion of the anthology's formation 15 and from his pivotal role in the larger Cefu yuangui project. Discussing the latter, authors of his official biography in the Songshi 宋史 (The History of Song) unhesitatingly stated...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2018) 5 (1): 148–178.
Published: 01 April 2018
... academic attention. 5 This bias has resulted in the unfortunate neglect of kanshibun 漢詩文 (classical Chinese poetry and prose) studies in Japan and, even more, in the West. 6 In the limited research on Sōseki's kanshi that exists, scholars have focused primarily on the poems' themes and, to a...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 209–215.
Published: 01 November 2017
... writers had taken great pride. He avoided regulated verse, for example, and prose written in the euphuistic, parallel style. His anthology thus came to be known for championing genres and styles of writing associated with guwen values, and he explicitly endorsed such values in his preface. This...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 216–247.
Published: 01 November 2017
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2016) 3 (2): 203–214.
Published: 01 November 2016
... poetry in the new century, we are compelled to contemplate again the condition of “newness” underlying modern Chinese literary culture. This special issue seeks to look into the multifarious dimensions of classical-style poetry and, by extension, classical-style prose and poetics in modern times. In...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2019) 6 (1): 137–168.
Published: 01 April 2019
... recipients of pain. Zhang Dai's implication that the vagaries of Yanke are comparable to those of a despot is not merely playful, when such a parallel can be drawn between the bleeding rocks and Yanke's abused slaves. In his biography of Yanke, Zhang writes, “Whenever his slaves offended him, he would whip...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2014) 1 (1-2): 125–154.
Published: 01 November 2014
... childish efforts at parallelism when she was seven or eight: “When I gave houpu [honest, literally “thick wood”] to be matched, Zhiyuan immediately came up with bohe [mint, literally “thin lotus”] in response” 余偶以厚樸爲對, 芷沅卽舉薄荷以應. 60 He gave concrete examples of her ongoing efforts: “In the year Yisi...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2015) 2 (1): 1–7.
Published: 01 April 2015
... Stone is not set in a definite time period; nor does it include in its composition enough noticeable historical references to help mark it as the product of its time. Captured in a deliberately paradoxical parallel couplet, its elaborate theme “Truth becomes fiction when fiction is true; real becomes...