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four-six prose

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 444–480.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Shengli Feng; Ash Henson Abstract The term pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose) comes from the main characteristic of the genre, while its other name—literally, “four-six prose” in Chinese—comes from its form. Theoretically, the aesthetic of the four-six configuration for Chinese writers is rooted in the...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 481–514.
Published: 01 November 2015
... patterns for the style of the Qi-Liang 齊梁 (479–557) and Yongming 永明 (483–493). Following the Song-Liang 宋梁 (420–557) period, recent-style poetry largely developed within the four-, six-, eight-, and twelve-line forms, trending rapidly toward regularization beginning in the early Tang. Thirty-four of the...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... characterize pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose). 10 Indeed, in the evolution from fu , to pianwen , to the four-six subcategory of pianwen , and finally to bagu 八股 (eight-legged essay), 11 careful attention to the coordination of parallelism and tonal regulation never flagged. With the exception of...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 306–335.
Published: 01 November 2017
... greatness soared above the crowd—only he followed deepest antiquity, taking the Two Emperors and Three Kings as his foundation, and the six classics and four teachings as his ancestral teacher. 22 From this height, he surpassed all others and was the first to chant the “literature of antiquity”; he...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2016) 3 (1): 137–174.
Published: 01 April 2016
... under the guise of the Six Classics authored by Confucius, as a body of sacred documents explaining the mandates of former rulers or the induction between the celestial and the human. Also containing genealogies of sacred rulers, legends and ancient histories, astronomical and geographical knowledge...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2017) 4 (1): 160–179.
Published: 01 April 2017
... and a talented man's aptitude has to be restrained by her skirt made of six pieces, 55 merely because of her female gender. In spite of her extraordinary ambition and magnificent writing, she cannot give full rein to them. If I am unable to cry hard enough that clear ocean water turns into bloody...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2018) 5 (2): 375–410.
Published: 01 November 2018
... quoted Wang's explanation of the title: “In arranging these one thousand six hundred years of ancient-style prose, I do not ask whether they are sea or river, stream or brook, valley rivulet or stone spring. When you're in a boat on the water, it's always the case that the wind rises and forms waves, and...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
... interplay of poetry and prose. Shengli Feng and Ash Henson's article explores the dynamic interplay of poetry and prose from the perspective of prose. Feng and Henson take a balanced blending of poetry and prose rhythms to be the hallmark of “parallel prose” ( pianwen 駢文). They argue that the “four-six...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2018) 5 (2): 411–437.
Published: 01 November 2018
.... Zhang Mengze xiansheng ping siliu canhua 張夢澤先生評選四六燦花 ( Selected and Commentated Four-Six Prose by Zhang Mengze ). Haikou : Hainan chubanshe , 2000 . Mather, Richard , trans. Shih-shuo Hsin-yu: A New Account of the Tales of the World . 2nd ed . Ann Arbor : University of Michigan Press...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2017) 4 (1): 91–128.
Published: 01 April 2017
... (The Book of Songs) and Chuci 楚辭 (The Verses of Chu) produced before the Han 漢 (202 BCE—220 CE)—110 literary anthologies were produced in the Six Dynasties 六朝 (normally 220–589) as recorded in the Sui book catalog. Among these, Wenxuan 文選 (Selections of Refined Literature) and Yutai xinyong 玉臺新詠...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 439–441.
Published: 01 November 2017
... Doctrines of the Way in the Four Masters of the Tang and Song Dynasties (唐宋四大家的道論與文學, 1997), A Critical Biography of Su Shi (蘇軾評傳, 2004), A Study of Poetry by Song Dynasty Chan Monks (宋代禪僧詩輯考, 2012), and The Ancient Prose Movement in the Tang and Song Dynasties and Scholar-Bureaucrat Literature (唐宋「古...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 545–572.
Published: 01 November 2015
... from Shakespeare's Sonnet 18 contain a total of ten feet (marked by vertical lines). Of these, four are aligned with a pair of monosyllabic words ( Shall I , thee , to , etc.) or a disyllabic word ( compare ). However, the other six feet (underlined part) do not accord with the meaning of a line. So...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2016) 3 (2): 471–474.
Published: 01 November 2016
... earned her PhD at Princeton University. Before joining the Yale faculty in 1982, she was curator of the Gest Oriental Library and East Asian Collections at Princeton. Chang is the author of The Evolution of Chinese Tz'u Poetry: From Late Tang to Northern Sung (1980), Six Dynasties Poetry (1986), and...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2018) 5 (1): 66–94.
Published: 01 April 2018
... broader category, which includes many longer regulated poems ( pailü 排律), some six-character regulated poems and quatrains, and even a few four-character regulated and “old”-style poems ( gushi 古詩), the most common are five- and seven-character regulated quatrains of equal line length ( qiyan 齊言). Qing...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2018) 5 (2): 179–185.
Published: 01 November 2018
... allows it to be so powerfully articulated and deeply felt in a visual form. The next four articles offer various takes on the celebrated poetry of the Tang dynasty (618–907). The boldest, methodologically speaking, is Mariana Zorkina's article on “poems on things” ( yongwu shi 詠物詩). Zorkina uses...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2016) 3 (1): 175–202.
Published: 01 April 2016
... Kaixian and his collaborators mostly worked on palace scripts, but for none of the six extant plays have palace manuscripts been preserved. As four of the six plays feature an emperor in their cast, it is unlikely that these derive from the palace repertoire. 38 The one play of the six, then, that...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 216–247.
Published: 01 November 2017
... 1095, Liao Zhengyi, one of the so-called four latter students of Su Shi 蘇門後四學士, ran afoul of Lü Wenqing and was driven out of office on trumped-up charges. Lü Wenqing was also responsible for stripping Daoqian of his monkhood on the accusation that he had used someone else's dudie 度牒 (certificate of...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2018) 5 (1): 148–178.
Published: 01 April 2018
..., Taishō 5 [1916]) 無題(大正五年九月十三日) . . . ...... What a mess under Heaven—I lay down my pen and rise, 天下何狂投筆起 6 To make the road in man's world one has to take the lead. 人間有道挺身之 I die when it is worthwhile to die, 吾當死處吾當死 8 A day has twenty-four hours nonetheless. 一日元來十二時...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 279–305.
Published: 01 November 2017
... scroll with him back to Dingzhou to enjoy at the time he wrote this inscription. In all, Qianlong added four inscriptions to the scroll over a forty-six-year period. In the first one he writes about the calligraphy in the scroll and its characteristics. The second broaches more technical matters in...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2014) 1 (1-2): 125–154.
Published: 01 November 2014
... the Book . 34. See ibid., chapter 5, “Fiction as Women's Literature: The View Circa 1830.” Widmer identified four women poets who wrote paratexts for Jinghuayuan in the form of endorsement verse. A search in Ming Qing Women's Writings results in six poems written on or after reading...