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four-six prose

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 444–480.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Shengli Feng; Ash Henson Abstract The term pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose) comes from the main characteristic of the genre, while its other name—literally, “four-six prose” in Chinese—comes from its form. Theoretically, the aesthetic of the four-six configuration for Chinese writers is rooted...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
... and Henson take a balanced blending of poetry and prose rhythms to be the hallmark of “parallel prose” ( pianwen 駢文). They argue that the “four-six prose,” an alternate name of parallel prose, literally reveals the origin of this genre as a hybrid of poetry and prose. Using Bao Zhao's 鮑照 (417–450) “Wucheng...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 339–381.
Published: 01 November 2020
... yokes sentences together through a heavy use of verbatim repetition. This shift was made possible through the explosive growth of binomes during the Han. Thanks to this sudden abundance of binomes, Han and Wei-Jin prose writers could not only pile up binomes as four- or six-character lines but also...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 306–335.
Published: 01 November 2017
... greatness soared above the crowd—only he followed deepest antiquity, taking the Two Emperors and Three Kings as his foundation, and the six classics and four teachings as his ancestral teacher. 22 From this height, he surpassed all others and was the first to chant the “literature of antiquity”; he...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 275–330.
Published: 01 November 2019
... in phrase-final position, repeating the terms used in the first section and adding only “hardness” ( gang 剛 *kâŋ). After the opening three lines of six, five, and four graphs each, the final four lines are all tetrasyllabic and perfectly rhymed, just as in the opening section. Section 3: The third...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 481–514.
Published: 01 November 2015
... Yan 江淹 (444–505) had already begun to serve as frequently used patterns for the style of the Qi-Liang 齊梁 (479–557) and Yongming 永明 (483–493). Following the Song-Liang 宋梁 (420–557) period, recent-style poetry largely developed within the four-, six-, eight-, and twelve-line forms, trending rapidly...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 411–437.
Published: 01 November 2018
...: Historical Studies in the Age of Big Data ). Xueshu luntan 學術論壇 ( Academic Forum ) 12 ( 2015 ): 99 – 105 . Mao Yingxiang 毛應翔 , ed. Zhang Mengze xiansheng ping siliu canhua 張夢澤先生評選四六燦花 ( Selected and Commentated Four-Six Prose by Zhang Mengze ). Haikou : Hainan chubanshe , 2000 . Mather...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose). 10 Indeed, in the evolution from fu , to pianwen , to the four-six subcategory of pianwen , and finally to bagu 八股 (eight-legged essay), 11 careful attention to the coordination of parallelism and tonal regulation never flagged. With the exception of parallel...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (1): 192–214.
Published: 01 April 2020
... their feet. 游人濯足聽 19 “The Big Aji” 大阿稽 (Da aji) Small Aji spreads for forty li , and Big Aji sixty. The hardships and sufferings that one confronts in the latter are greater than in the former. Even if it is in the bright days of autumn and one rides a sturdy horse, it will take four to five...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 545–572.
Published: 01 November 2015
... no. 237, MSZY 1:509–12] This poem sings the praises of the Zhou founding fathers, King Wen and his grandfather Dan Fu. Of the poem's eight stanzas, the first six depict Dan Fu's exploits and the remaining two King Wen's. Of its fifty-four lines, all but seven are subject+predicate. “The ancient...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 261–286.
Published: 01 November 2021
... This view indicates the complexity of Xiao Yi's literary thought but cannot explain the similarity between Xiao Yi's and Xiao Gang's poetic styles, nor does it respond to Tian Xiaofei's strongest evidence—that the four Xiaos appreciated the writings of Liu Xiaochuo and Wang Yun. Williams's conclusions...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 375–410.
Published: 01 November 2018
... to the anthology the late Ming poet Tan Yuanchun 譚元春 (1586–1637) described the anthology as including everything from “edicts and memorials” ( zhao shu 詔疏) to xiaopin 小品. Tan also quoted Wang's explanation of the title: “In arranging these one thousand six hundred years of ancient-style prose, I do not ask...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 179–185.
Published: 01 November 2018
... boundaries between original texts and compendia, had been made in the predigital era, but only recent technology allows it to be so powerfully articulated and deeply felt in a visual form. The next four articles offer various takes on the celebrated poetry of the Tang dynasty (618–907). The boldest...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 336–359.
Published: 01 November 2017
... consists of phrases in four and six character-syllables (typical structure of conventional parallel prose), and none of the sentences breaks abruptly. The second excerpt uses redundant modifiers (“gathers astuteness” and “stores brightness”) and unnecessary metonym (the “crown with jeweled tassels...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 113–138.
Published: 01 April 2021
... reflect original titles that remained unchanged over time. After all, every collection of sanqu songs was compiled for a specific purpose. For example, three of the only four extant Yuan collections of Yuan dynasty sanqu songs, Yuefu xinbian yangchun baixue 樂府新編陽春白雪 (Newly Compiled Sanqu Songs...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 279–305.
Published: 01 November 2017
... this inscription. In all, Qianlong added four inscriptions to the scroll over a forty-six-year period. In the first one he writes about the calligraphy in the scroll and its characteristics. The second broaches more technical matters in the use of the brush. The remaining two focus on the “Pine Wine Rhapsody...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 148–178.
Published: 01 April 2018
..., structural, and tonal regulations of recent-style poetry, see Cai, “Recent-Style Shi Poetry,” 161–80 . 46. This is consistent with the other four periods as well: student years (ancient-style poetry : recent-style poetry = 3:49), Matsuyama-Kumanoto period (8:16), Shūzenji crisis period (1:16...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 216–247.
Published: 01 November 2017
.... The triggering event occurred in the third month of 1095. When he woke up one morning, he heard Su Guo chanting Tao Yuanming's “Returning to Live in My Gardens and Fields” (歸園田居). Inspired, Su Shi immediately composed six matching poems and conceived the idea to match all of Tao Yuanming's poems. 69...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (2): 471–474.
Published: 01 November 2016
... her PhD at Princeton University. Before joining the Yale faculty in 1982, she was curator of the Gest Oriental Library and East Asian Collections at Princeton. Chang is the author of The Evolution of Chinese Tz'u Poetry: From Late Tang to Northern Sung (1980), Six Dynasties Poetry (1986...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (1): 175–202.
Published: 01 April 2016
... the superfluous and doing away with irrelevant and nonsensical dialogues would seem to suggest that Li Kaixian and his collaborators mostly worked on palace scripts, but for none of the six extant plays have palace manuscripts been preserved. As four of the six plays feature an emperor in their cast...