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four-six prose

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 444–480.
Published: 01 November 2015
...Shengli Feng; Ash Henson Abstract The term pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose) comes from the main characteristic of the genre, while its other name—literally, “four-six prose” in Chinese—comes from its form. Theoretically, the aesthetic of the four-six configuration for Chinese writers is rooted in the...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 481–514.
Published: 01 November 2015
...). Following the Song-Liang 宋梁 (420–557) period, recent-style poetry largely developed within the four-, six-, eight-, and twelve-line forms, trending rapidly toward regularization beginning in the early Tang. Thirty-four of the thirty-eight poems in Chen Zi'ang's Gan yu 感遇 (Reflections on Providential...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... characterize pianwen 駢文 (parallel prose). 10 Indeed, in the evolution from fu , to pianwen , to the four-six subcategory of pianwen , and finally to bagu 八股 (eight-legged essay), 11 careful attention to the coordination of parallelism and tonal regulation never flagged. With the exception of...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 306–335.
Published: 01 November 2017
... greatness soared above the crowd—only he followed deepest antiquity, taking the Two Emperors and Three Kings as his foundation, and the six classics and four teachings as his ancestral teacher. 22 From this height, he surpassed all others and was the first to chant the “literature of antiquity”; he...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2016) 3 (1): 137–174.
Published: 01 April 2016
... have apocryphal diagrams banned, but his request pertained only to chapter headings and writings that had been added, outside the original eighty-one chapters; thus he emphasized, “ He and Luo , five nines; the Six Arts, four nines: these are what are called the eighty-one chapters.” 57 He also...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2017) 4 (1): 160–179.
Published: 01 April 2017
... powers important for her, and the practice of wielding the planchette fulfills both. On the anniversary of her husband's death, the twenty-third day of the twelfth month, Qian Xi summoned her husband's soul again. Her poetry collection includes four poems written for this occasion, two written by him...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2018) 5 (2): 375–410.
Published: 01 November 2018
... Guwen guanjian , Wenzhang guifan 文章軌範 (Standards of Literary Composition), Tang-Song si da jia wen chao 唐宋四大家文鈔 (Prose by the Four Masters of the Tang and Song), and Guwen dubian all exclusively contain prose by Tang-Song authors. These anthologies constitute what we might call the Tang-Song...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 251–257.
Published: 01 November 2015
... explores the dynamic interplay of poetry and prose from the perspective of prose. Feng and Henson take a balanced blending of poetry and prose rhythms to be the hallmark of “parallel prose” ( pianwen 駢文). They argue that the “four-six prose,” an alternate name of parallel prose, literally reveals the...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2018) 5 (2): 411–437.
Published: 01 November 2018
... classical allusions. Before we begin, it is useful to understand how the Peiwen yunfu is constructed. This thesaurus arranges all of its entries according to the 106 rhyme groups of the “Pingshui” system ( pingshui yun 平水韻), following the sequence of the classic four tones: ping 平 (level), shang...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2017) 4 (1): 91–128.
Published: 01 April 2017
... shi poems of the Six Dynasties. A thorough investigation of the tables of contents, however, reveals discrepancies between the references to dynasties and the actual selections. Two Han-Wei anthologies have a small section of Wu dynasty poems after the Wei poems. All four Six Dynasties poetry...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 439–441.
Published: 01 November 2017
... has published eight academic books and six creative literary books. Her recent publications include Gorgeous Nanyang: Arts, Advertisements, Crossover Singapore (南洋風華:藝文,廣告,跨界新加坡, 2016), which was funded by a Presentation and Participation Grant of the Singapore National Art Council and was selected...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2015) 2 (2): 545–572.
Published: 01 November 2015
... criterion for defining and classifying poetic genres. In Wenzhang liubie lun 文章流別論 (On the Differentiation and Evolution of Refined Writing), Zhi Yu 摯虞 (?–312?) observes, Poems of ancient times have three-character, four-character, five-character, six-character, seven-character, and nine-character...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2016) 3 (2): 471–474.
Published: 01 November 2016
... Taiwan University, and his MA (1978) and PhD (1982) in comparative literature from the University of Wisconsin at Madison. Wang taught at National Taiwan University (1982–86) and Columbia University (1990–2004). He first joined Harvard in 1986, serving as assistant professor of Chinese for four years. He...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2018) 5 (1): 66–94.
Published: 01 April 2018
... 排律), some six-character regulated poems and quatrains, and even a few four-character regulated and “old”-style poems ( gushi 古詩), the most common are five- and seven-character regulated quatrains of equal line length ( qiyan 齊言). Qing scholar Wang Shizhen 王士禎 (1634–1711) even described the jueju...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2018) 5 (2): 179–185.
Published: 01 November 2018
... the textual sources and their digital analysis, such as multiple authorial attributions to a single poem in Quan Tang shi 全唐詩 (Complete Poems of the Tang Dynasty)—his algorithm points to gaps in the archive that require further philological investigation to resolve. The next four articles offer...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2016) 3 (1): 175–202.
Published: 01 April 2016
... Kaixian and his collaborators mostly worked on palace scripts, but for none of the six extant plays have palace manuscripts been preserved. As four of the six plays feature an emperor in their cast, it is unlikely that these derive from the palace repertoire. 38 The one play of the six, then, that...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 216–247.
Published: 01 November 2017
... and Zhexi 浙漕. While serving as prefect of Changzhou in 1095, Liao Zhengyi, one of the so-called four latter students of Su Shi 蘇門後四學士, ran afoul of Lü Wenqing and was driven out of office on trumped-up charges. Lü Wenqing was also responsible for stripping Daoqian of his monkhood on the accusation...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 April 2018) 5 (1): 148–178.
Published: 01 April 2018
...]) 無題(大正五年九月十三日) . . . ...... What a mess under Heaven—I lay down my pen and rise, 天下何狂投筆起 6 To make the road in man's world one has to take the lead. 人間有道挺身之 I die when it is worthwhile to die, 吾當死處吾當死 8 A day has twenty-four hours nonetheless. 一日元來十二時 [ Zenshū no. 163...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2017) 4 (2): 279–305.
Published: 01 November 2017
... this inscription. In all, Qianlong added four inscriptions to the scroll over a forty-six-year period. In the first one he writes about the calligraphy in the scroll and its characteristics. The second broaches more technical matters in the use of the brush. The remaining two focus on the “Pine...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (1 November 2014) 1 (1-2): 125–154.
Published: 01 November 2014
...' support of their endeavors are evidenced by close to four thousand collections compiled in the catalog Lidai funü zhuzuo kao 歷代婦女著作考 (Women's Writings through the Successive Dynasties) by the scholar Hu Wenkai 胡文楷 (1901–1988). Current research in China estimates that more than eight hundred of these...