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examination essay

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 235–267.
Published: 01 November 2020
...Stephen Roddy Abstract The prominent classicist and educator Yu Yue (1821–1907) argued, often doggedly, on behalf of the worth and relevance of the examination essay (specifically the eight-legged essay or bagu ), to the extent of even producing a popular essay primer as late as the 1880s...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 375–410.
Published: 01 November 2018
... relationships among these clusters suggest a new way of narrating Ming literary history in terms of successive waves of alternative canon building, each wave representing a new critique of the civil service examination curriculum's overriding focus on model examination essays. He also shows that, whereas...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 256–272.
Published: 01 April 2022
... that the rhetoric of involution deserves closer investigation, and focus particular attention on involution's origins in the field of aesthetics and the rise of involutionary parallelism in the Ming-Qing examination essay. It is here that the dynamics of cultural capital that dominate in the Ming and Qing...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 339–381.
Published: 01 November 2020
... relentlessly castigated and resolutely jettisoned. The eight-legged essay was rendered obsolete by the abolition of the civil service examination in 1905, leaving the other two prose forms to bear the brunt of hostile attacks by revolution-minded intellectuals, who deftly galvanized broad support through...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 1–7.
Published: 01 April 2022
... aesthetic and sociopolitical ramifications, to the understanding of classical prose, specifically the genre of examination prose known popularly as the “eight-legged essay” or, in its normative name, the “prose of our time” ( shiwen 時文). Beginning with involution's history of use in debates over late...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (2): 357–399.
Published: 01 November 2016
.... This article examines the reception of these essays internationally, recontextualizing it within the historical factors that contributed to and molded it. Copyright © 2017 by Duke University Press 2017 Lu Xun 魯迅 “On the Power of Mara Poetry” 摩羅詩力說 “Wenhua pianzhi lun” 文化偏至論 “Po e'sheng lun” 破惡聲論...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... literature's unique and dazzling variety. Before examining how the practitioners of guwen developed a particular discourse concerning the role of sound, a simple outline of the history of this literary form will serve to put it in perspective. First, like poetry and rhymed essays, ancient prose...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 336–359.
Published: 01 November 2017
...; the sages rose” 天地軋,萬物茁,聖人發. 36 Ouyang thought it must be Liu Ji and stingingly continued, “The candidate perverts; the examiner eliminates” 秀才剌,試官刷, and scratched the sheet with red ink. When the names of the examinees were revealed, it was indeed Liu Ji's essay. A few years later, Ouyang Xiu...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 241–261.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Wai-Yee Li Abstract Zuozhuan (ca. fourth century BC) records many instances of statesmen who recite or chant odes ( fushi ), mostly from the extant Shijing , to convey their political vision, policy recommendation, or diplomatic finesse. This essay examines the implications of this confluence...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 134–172.
Published: 01 April 2015
...Anne Burkus-Chasson Abstract In this essay, the author examines the portraits that are featured in Tang Xianzu's The Peony Pavilion . The textual portraits are mixed in nature. They contain semiotic elements that can be readily described in language and understood through iconographical...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 125–154.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Grace S. Fong Abstract This study examines the construction of women's life histories in literary collections through the exemplary case of Ling Zhiyuan 凌祉媛 and her poetry collection, Cuiluoge shici gao 翠螺閣詩詞稿 (Drafts of Poems and Song Lyrics from the Green Snail Shell Loft). Published in 1854...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (1): 85–107.
Published: 01 April 2016
...Qi Dongfang (齊東方); 齊東方 Abstract As an iconic strategy game, go ( weiqi ) has long played an important cultural role throughout East Asia. This article examines representations of go in a variety of essays and especially poems. In doing so, it demonstrates that go was hardly a mere pastime, good...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 359–382.
Published: 01 November 2019
... production since the Wanli 萬曆 reign (1572–1619), impacted by the expansion of commercial publishing, had created positions of literary authority for professional critics in all literary genres, including Classics, examination essays, prose, poetry, fictions, and drama. 20 Market-driven sales of books...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 179–185.
Published: 01 November 2018
... of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century “ancient-style prose” ( guwen 古文) anthologies argues that such collections represent successive attempts to overturn the canon of model examination essays. He offers a new take on Ming literary history by demonstrating that the debate over prose was organized not around...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 412–431.
Published: 01 November 2019
... his brother-in-law with feigned concern that the examination essays that won Tang the title of tanhua may have been discharged along with other impurities. But if Tang Ao is indeed to become an immortal, his immortality, as the cathartic effect of the magic plant suggests, requires the repudiation...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (1): 195–220.
Published: 01 April 2023
.... Fu himself was from a relatively poor background; an ancestor five generations previously had served as district magistrate of Guan county, Shandong, 40 but by Fu's time the family was so impoverished that he studied for the examinations by writing practice essays on the walls because he could...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 331–358.
Published: 01 November 2019
... attached a piece of his own writing—in the form of a playful eight-legged examination essay—in the comments. See Su'an zhuren, Xiuping yuan , 266 . For a study of Su'an's use of vernacular fiction as a site for self-expression and social engagement, see M. Li, “‘Carving the Complete Edition.’” 14...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (2): 496–498.
Published: 01 November 2022
... of multidisciplinary topics on the relationship between poetry and history in medieval Chinese literature. The essays in this volume examine the vibrant and diverse relationship between poetry and history carefully and clearly, such as how the lore of historical figures and events is circulated among various...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (2): 461–486.
Published: 01 November 2023
... 鄉試 Provincial examination: passes 1,200–1,500 individuals total; 會試 Metropolitan examination: passes about 300 individuals total Part 1: Three essays on the Four Books, and four essays on one of the Classics Part 2: (1) One treatise 論 (2) Five legal judgments 判 (3) One of the following: decree...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 422–428.
Published: 01 November 2021
... unfiliality toward parents or parents-in-law; Knapp's essay focuses on the early medieval and Tang eras, while Zhang's examines the burgeoning world of popular narratives on similar themes from the Song. Paul Goldin contributes an essay on traditional accounts of incest between sons and stepmothers or birth...