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examination essay

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 235–267.
Published: 01 November 2020
...Stephen Roddy Abstract The prominent classicist and educator Yu Yue (1821–1907) argued, often doggedly, on behalf of the worth and relevance of the examination essay (specifically the eight-legged essay or bagu ), to the extent of even producing a popular essay primer as late as the 1880s...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 375–410.
Published: 01 November 2018
... relationships among these clusters suggest a new way of narrating Ming literary history in terms of successive waves of alternative canon building, each wave representing a new critique of the civil service examination curriculum's overriding focus on model examination essays. He also shows that, whereas...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 256–272.
Published: 01 April 2022
... that the rhetoric of involution deserves closer investigation, and focus particular attention on involution's origins in the field of aesthetics and the rise of involutionary parallelism in the Ming-Qing examination essay. It is here that the dynamics of cultural capital that dominate in the Ming and Qing...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 339–381.
Published: 01 November 2020
.... Translated by Manling Luo in HTRCProse , chap. 14, “Ming and Qing Eight-Legged Essays.” 32. It should be noted that the relationship between these two examination genres is that of mutual rather than one-way influence. In Qing times some examinees consciously imitated the structure of the eight...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 1–7.
Published: 01 April 2022
... aesthetic and sociopolitical ramifications, to the understanding of classical prose, specifically the genre of examination prose known popularly as the “eight-legged essay” or, in its normative name, the “prose of our time” ( shiwen 時文). Beginning with involution's history of use in debates over late...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (2): 357–399.
Published: 01 November 2016
.... This article examines the reception of these essays internationally, recontextualizing it within the historical factors that contributed to and molded it. 102. Leo Ou-fan Lee, Voices from the Iron House . 103. Lee, Lu Xun and His Legacy , 26–27 . 104. Itō Toramaru comments, “‘Po e'sheng lun...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (2): 515–544.
Published: 01 November 2015
... underlying literature's unique and dazzling variety. Before examining how the practitioners of guwen developed a particular discourse concerning the role of sound, a simple outline of the history of this literary form will serve to put it in perspective. First, like poetry and rhymed essays...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 336–359.
Published: 01 November 2017
... perverts; the examiner eliminates” 秀才剌,試官刷, and scratched the sheet with red ink. When the names of the examinees were revealed, it was indeed Liu Ji's essay. A few years later, Ouyang Xiu encountered another answer sheet, on which the candidate wrote, “His Majesty gathers astuteness and stores brightness...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 241–261.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Wai-Yee Li Abstract Zuozhuan (ca. fourth century BC) records many instances of statesmen who recite or chant odes ( fushi ), mostly from the extant Shijing , to convey their political vision, policy recommendation, or diplomatic finesse. This essay examines the implications of this confluence...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (1): 85–107.
Published: 01 April 2016
...Qi Dongfang (齊東方); 齊東方 Abstract As an iconic strategy game, go ( weiqi ) has long played an important cultural role throughout East Asia. This article examines representations of go in a variety of essays and especially poems. In doing so, it demonstrates that go was hardly a mere pastime, good...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 134–172.
Published: 01 April 2015
...Anne Burkus-Chasson Abstract In this essay, the author examines the portraits that are featured in Tang Xianzu's The Peony Pavilion . The textual portraits are mixed in nature. They contain semiotic elements that can be readily described in language and understood through iconographical...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 125–154.
Published: 01 November 2014
...Grace S. Fong Abstract This study examines the construction of women's life histories in literary collections through the exemplary case of Ling Zhiyuan 凌祉媛 and her poetry collection, Cuiluoge shici gao 翠螺閣詩詞稿 (Drafts of Poems and Song Lyrics from the Green Snail Shell Loft). Published in 1854...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 359–382.
Published: 01 November 2019
... in all literary genres, including Classics, examination essays, prose, poetry, fictions, and drama. 20 Market-driven sales of books allowed poets and critics without political clout to establish themselves as competing authorities in defining standards of literary excellence. The emergence of critics...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 179–185.
Published: 01 November 2018
... how later anthologists made sense of the classical literary tradition. Clifford's network analysis of the contents of sixteenth- and seventeenth-century “ancient-style prose” ( guwen 古文) anthologies argues that such collections represent successive attempts to overturn the canon of model examination...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 412–431.
Published: 01 November 2019
... of a sudden he realizes that what has been purged from his system is his memory of the “ninety percent” ( jiufen 九分) of all his past compositions. Lin Zhiyang teases his brother-in-law with feigned concern that the examination essays that won Tang the title of tanhua may have been discharged along...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 331–358.
Published: 01 November 2019
... notes that the male protagonist's grand success in the civil service examination in the preceding chapter struck a chord in his heart, so he attached a piece of his own writing—in the form of a playful eight-legged examination essay—in the comments. See Su'an zhuren, Xiuping yuan , 266 . For a study...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 422–428.
Published: 01 November 2021
... examines the burgeoning world of popular narratives on similar themes from the Song. Paul Goldin contributes an essay on traditional accounts of incest between sons and stepmothers or birth mothers, situating such narratives in the early Chinese ethnographic imaginary as it related to steppe peoples...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 287–306.
Published: 01 November 2021
... essay informs us that the painters of his time have failed to perfect the four traits emblematic of earlier masters: nourishing intention to expansive fullness 養欲擴充, examining things to the point of thorough familiarity 覽欲淳熟, having comprehensive experience 經之不眾多, and discovering the quintessential 取之不精...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2022) 9 (1): 47–78.
Published: 01 April 2022
... and close reading of the poem we went over above, 5 the examination of the “internal evidence” found in the poetic text itself is far from enough. Reading the poem in its original Chinese certainly helps with a more intimate understanding of the formal features of the poem: 咫尺鳳衾鴛帳, 欲去無因到。 鰕鬚窣地重門悄。 認...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (1): 192–214.
Published: 01 April 2020
... 中國流人史與流人文化論集 ( Collected Essays on Exile in Chinese History and Cultures of Exile ). Harbin : Heilongjiang daxue chubanshe , 2000 . Meng Sen 孟森 . “ Kechang an” 科場案 ( The Examination Scandal ), in Xinshi congkan 心史叢刊 ( The Collected Works of Meng Xinshi ), 28 – 68 . Changsha : Yuelu...