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emperor's two bodies

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (2): 461–486.
Published: 01 November 2023
... of the Ming regulations governing the formatting and representation of official documents. Tracing how the civil service examinations familiarized the reading public with documentary formatting, it then details how anonymous producers of various editions of the novel problematized the emperor's two bodies...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 371–398.
Published: 01 November 2021
... compare two different ways that the Xiao jing yanyi frames the ruler-minister relationship in terms of the father-son relationship: the first from juan 9, “Ruler and Minister” ( Junchen 君臣), and the second from juan 26, “Treating Ministers as One's Body” ( Ti chengong 體臣工). These sections differ...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 34–65.
Published: 01 April 2018
... as gentleman consultant. 前以事見良,須髮皓然,衣冠甚偉。夫薦賢助國,宰相之職。蕭何舉韓信,設壇而拜,不復考試。今以良為議郎。( HHS 27.943) The difference between the next two examples and the male favorites is even more obvious. I first present the portrayal of Jun Buyi 雋不疑 meeting with Bao Shengzhi 暴勝之 toward the end of Emperor Wu's reign...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (1): 239–271.
Published: 01 April 2019
... of the political struggle between Zhu Di and Emperor Jianwen mirrored the experience of the two Yuan “princes” in their conflicting positions on Yuan Shikai's claims to the throne. Zheng Yimei 鄭逸梅 (1895–1992) comments that when Yuan performed this piece, his voice was full of elegiac feeling and lingering sorrow...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (1): 34–59.
Published: 01 April 2020
... a variety of strategies to prevail in the competitions of political authority and legitimacy. This article examines the northern emperor Tuoba Tao's (408–452, r. 423–452) self-representation in his letters delivered to the southern audience at the height of the two states' military struggle. Scholars have...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2016) 3 (1): 137–174.
Published: 01 April 2016
..., through his mother Jiang Yuan. In the Shihan shenwu , “Tai Ren 太任 dreamed of a large man and conceived, [thus] giving birth to King Wen.” 68 The He tu has “The Dark Green Emperor of the East, his name is Ling Wei Yang 靈威仰 [Divine Authority Awe], and his essence is the body of the green dragon...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (1): 169–194.
Published: 01 April 2023
... perpetrator goes free. Yanyu's bid to save her parents from execution is successful, but the emperor refuses to pardon Kuibi. As a final act of kindness, the emperor allows Kuibi to hang himself so that his body will be left intact. After her parents leave the jail, Yanyu stays behind as witness to her...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 1–28.
Published: 01 November 2014
... with the names of consorts on it, presented to the emperor after dinner. But likewise there is no concrete reference cited. See Yu, Yanhuan , 323–24 . 9. Most of this information comes from Tsai, The Eunuchs . 8. John Dardess notes that many non-Chinese made up the members of the two agencies...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 207–248.
Published: 01 April 2015
... of Retirement). Provided by the Palace Museum, Beijing Two stages—the back one in the shape of a tower and the front one standing alone, like an island—face a lone seat reserved for the emperor himself, which is next to stairs leading to the upper story, where the emperor might rest for a while after...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 359–382.
Published: 01 November 2019
... surely precede any attempt to separate image from reality and to recognize when in fact the two actually coincide.” 3 Indeed, images of the mid-Qing emperors, especially those of Qianlong, were so complex that it is a formidable task for any historian to sketch the intricate lines separating fancy...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 287–312.
Published: 01 November 2020
... atmosphere of medieval China and the turmoil that had occurred after the fall of the Han dynasty (206 BCE–220 CE). The last sentence connects the degradation of the world with the death of the Buddha. The following section venerates two political leaders of the dynasty: the young emperor Xiaowen 孝文帝 (467...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (1): 96–136.
Published: 01 April 2019
... considers the dilemma that painters faced in general when they represented an expressive body: How could the display of emotion in gesture and facial expression be contained within the bounds of propriety? The author examines, in particular, how Chen Hongshou 陳洪綬 (1598–1652) resolved this dilemma in two...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 134–172.
Published: 01 April 2015
... an emperor on horseback. Having climbed to the top of a mountain, he surveys the land around the city of Hangzhou; the territory that he sees before him is land he plans to invade and conquer. The juxtaposition of the two portraits in successive scenes is surely not accidental. Although the second portrait...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (1): 129–159.
Published: 01 April 2017
... in the portrayal of love in the Stone . This attentiveness to qing and neglect of yin —even when labeling the Stone a yinshu —was not only typical in the Qing but also became a general trend in Stone studies over the past two centuries. 2 To be sure, eminent scholars have generated a body...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 139–162.
Published: 01 April 2021
... lists fifteen styles of sanqu songs, two of which may be used to describe the style of these courtly sanqu songs: the magnificent and ravishing “ Cheng'an style” 承安體, named after Emperor Zhangzong of Jin's second reign period (1196–1200), suits celebratory or congratulatory pieces, and the fair...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (1): 195–220.
Published: 01 April 2023
...). In this anthology commissioned by the Shunzhi emperor on behalf of his mother, Fu's commentary emphasizes both the agency of individual women and the mutual resonance of personal virtue and political order. He not only praises the exemplars' virtue but also their agency, intelligence, and strategy. He explicitly...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 375–410.
Published: 01 November 2018
... concludes with Hede drunkenly administering an overdose of an aphrodisiac called “carefully use gum” ( shenxu jiao 慎恤膠), causing all of the emperor's semen to flow out of his body in a gruesome death scene reminiscent of Ximen Qing's 西門慶 in the late Ming novel Jin ping mei 金瓶梅 (Plum in the Golden Vase...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (1): 137–168.
Published: 01 April 2019
... tool or weapon that inflicts pain, fu 斧 (axe), and its function, zao 鑿 (to cut, to carve, to bore), are the same in the two texts. 12 While Hundun, emperor of the central region, dies after he has his own sense apertures bored by well-meaning friends, Cao Mountain benefits from being carved...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (1): 31–58.
Published: 01 April 2021
... with a particular relation between illusion and disillusion—the ability to hold the two in tension” ( Worldly Stage , 259 ). See also Li, Enchantment and Disenchantment . In an elementary formulation, one perspective on performance is that of the stage manager, whose focus falls on props, costumes, bodies...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (2): 403–437.
Published: 01 November 2023
...-based immortal body ( ming 命)” but also “realiz[e] one's Buddha-nature ( xing 性),” where ming can also be called vital force or life store, and xing , innate nature. 40 In other words, two things must work together: (a) the practice of the Daoist alchemical arts of inner elixir and (b...