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Qianlong emperor

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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (2): 438–460.
Published: 01 November 2023
...Yan Zinan Abstract Generally disfavored from a modern aesthetic perspective, Emperor Qianlong's poetry was systematically aggrandized in the eighteenth century. Through commentaries on his own work, Qianlong managed to amplify his voice, especially as he adopted textual and evidential research...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2019) 6 (2): 359–382.
Published: 01 November 2019
...Kai-Wing Chow Abstract The Qianlong emperor bequeathed the largest number of Chinese poems of any emperor, and perhaps of any poet, in the history of imperial China. But how do we make sense of the fact that Qianlong had been adamant in maintaining and preserving what he considered the essence...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 279–305.
Published: 01 November 2017
... scroll, Su Shi wrote out his “Rhapsody on Pine Wine of Zhongshan” as a single piece, and the Qianlong emperor himself made calligraphic copies of this work. The stone engraving, calligraphy models, and Qianlong imperial copy of these compositions all have differences, which have greatly complicated...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 207–248.
Published: 01 April 2015
... in several different senses: counterfeiting, forging, deceiving, disguising, masquerading, making-believe, and so on. Emperor Qianlong once ordered the court artisans to chisel away his own signature from the surface of an inscription board and replace it with his grandfather's. In another instance, he had...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 1–28.
Published: 01 November 2014
... Collusions.” 50. Kutcher points to the essentialist views of eunuchs and the formulaic characterizations of their traits, “Unspoken Collusions,” 455 (e.g., the Qianlong emperor's opinion that eunuchs were by nature bound to flatter and try to usurp power), 462–63. As Kutcher points out, eunuchs...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (1): 108–136.
Published: 01 April 2023
... of painters, see Weidner, “Conventional Success of Ch'en Shu” ; for Wang Liang's participation in this circle, see esp. 145–46. 23. One of Qianlong's favored officials, Qian Chenqun accompanied the emperor on his first southern tour, exchanged poetry with him, and was invited to Beijing to celebrate...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2017) 4 (2): 209–215.
Published: 01 November 2017
... the centuries, before it came into the Qianlong emperor's collection in the eighteenth century. Professor I traces that history and analyzes the several colophons that the scroll inspired through the centuries for what they tell us about the scroll's reception history. But before that long history began...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (1): 195–220.
Published: 01 April 2023
... martyrs in the Yangzhou gazetteer of 1675, 26 and the Qianlong emperor's 1776 celebration of Ming loyalist martyrs used the binome xunjie in its title: Qinding shengchao xunjie zhuchen lu 欽定勝朝殉節諸臣錄 (Imperially Authorized Record of Subjects Who Sacrificed Themselves for Integrity for the Defeated...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 382–410.
Published: 01 November 2020
... back to China and submitted to the then yamen of the Zhejiang provincial governor, Wang Danwang 王亶望 (?–1781). On the twenty-seventh day of the ninth month of the forty-fourth year of the Qianlong era, it was presented as a memorial to the emperor for inclusion in the Siku quanshu . 15 Thereafter...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (2): 411–437.
Published: 01 November 2018
... and Cao Xueqin's social network Figure 7. Biographies of various Hanlin bachelors who were part of Li Fangtai's and Cao Xueqin's social network In the fourth month of Qianlong 23 (May 1758), when the thirty-eight-year-old Li Fangtai's resume was finally submitted to the emperor, he was assigned...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 371–398.
Published: 01 November 2021
... to uphold the idea that the Aisin Gioro and their banner forces ruled by right of virtue. On the other hand, Manchu rulers from Hung Taiji to the Qianlong emperor also worked to maintain a distinctive Manchu identity, and this distinction was crucial to the Qing hold on power, in a dynamic Mark Elliot has...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (1): 57–80.
Published: 01 April 2023
... for their literary activities and a poetic language as a form of elite membership. Meyer-Fong reveals how, by the Qianlong period, poets had already routinely written about the pleasures in Yangzhou. Lu Jianzeng's grand lustration festival event in Yangzhou in 1757 indicated “pose and artifice” in place...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 289–308.
Published: 01 November 2014
..., woodblocks for a ten-column edition in sixty-three juan were cut, but no printings are extant. Under the Qing emperor Qianlong 乾隆 (r. 1735–96), however, the scholar Peng Yuanrui 彭元瑞 (1731–1803) cited a “Liu Shugang edition” 劉叔剛本 of the Liji in his work Shijing kao wen ti yao 石經考文提要 (Studies...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2021) 8 (2): 399–421.
Published: 01 November 2021
... and commentary with subcommentary. In the guiyou year of the Qianlong reign [1753], Hui Songya (Dong), the great recluse, produced a new collated edition based on He's textual criticism and added the variants from a Song edition held by Cao Yin, Commissioner of the Bureau of Transmission; a Shu large-character...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2023) 10 (1): 267–293.
Published: 01 April 2023
... and Heroic , scene 18, 5b. 49. Ibid . , scene 18, 5b. 50. Li, Women and National Trauma , 7 . 51. For a discussion of the Qianlong court's purge of drama in south China during the 1770s, see Ding, Qingdai jinhui xiqu shiliao biannian , 413–19 . Guojun.Wang@vanderbilt.edu...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 90–124.
Published: 01 November 2014
... would be keenly watched, especially at a time when the Qing empire under Emperor Qianlong was enjoying unprecedented prosperity and proliferation in literary production. Yuan Mei sighed admiringly in his older years: Our dynasty has enjoyed long prosperity and peace. People within the four seas all...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2018) 5 (1): 1–33.
Published: 01 April 2018
... for every tael, called jia yi 加一, jia er 加二, etc., which meant for every tael one, two, or more copper cash were added, which could bring the overall percentage much higher. See also Li, Ming Qing jingji shi , 519–21 . 11. The Qianlong emperor's favorite Heshen 和珅 was notorious in this regard...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2020) 7 (2): 235–267.
Published: 01 November 2020
..., or its second spring in the Qianlong 乾隆 (1736–1795) and Jiaqing 嘉慶 (1796–1820) eras, praising the salutary influence it had exerted over the moral and intellectual climate and citing the proponents who argued that essay training could enhance one's ability to compose regulated verse, among other talents...
Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2015) 2 (1): 8–42.
Published: 01 April 2015
... in the Qianlong-era Shiqu baoji chubian 石渠宝笈初编 (Treasure Chest of the Collections from the Shiqu Library, First Volume). The painting also inspired Yuan-dynasty painter Zhang Wo's 張渥 imitation, Lin Li Gonglin jiuge tu juan 臨李公麟九歌圖卷 (Imitating Li Gonglin's Painting on the Nine Songs). Of Du Jin's lyrical...
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Journal Article
Journal of Chinese Literature and Culture (2014) 1 (1-2): 216–240.
Published: 01 November 2014
... turn to Zhou Chun 周春 (1729–1815), an eminent scholar and book collector of the Qianlong and Jiaqing periods of the Qing Dynasty. When he learned that Zhang Yanchang 張燕昌 had in his collection a Song woodblock edition of Tao Jingjie xiansheng shi zhu 陶靖節先生詩注, Zhou offered his entire collection...