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symmetry

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (suppl_1): 118–130.
Published: 01 January 1993
... on Integrability, Symmetry, and Utility as Potential Energy in Mirowski’s Critical History D. Wade Hands In an earlier paper (Hands 1992) I argued that while there is much to be said in favor of Mirowski’s central thesis in More Heat than Light, there are some questions raised...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2008) 40 (1): 111–132.
Published: 01 March 2008
... theory of conflict that, without dismissing the assumption of rational behavior, points out some of its paradoxical consequences. Harsanyi's and Schelling's contrasting views on the axiom of symmetry, as postulated by Nash (1950), are then presented. This debate explains why, although in the early 1960s...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (Suppl_1): 106–129.
Published: 01 December 2006
... Theory 15 ( August ): 353 -62. ____. 1980 . Symmetry Conditions for Market Demand Functions. Review of Economic Studies 47 ( April ): 595 -601. Evans, G. B. A., and N. E. Savin. 1982 . Conflict among the Criteria Revisited: The W, LR, and LM Tests. Econometrica 50 ( May ): 737 -48...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (suppl_1): 283–299.
Published: 01 January 1993
...: “Mathematical Formalism and Economic Explanation” (1986), “Learning the Meaning of a Dollar: Conservation Principles and the Social Theory of Value in Economic Theory” (1990), “Postmodernism and the Social Theory of Value” (1991a), and “Symmetries, Arbitrage and the Social Theory...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (Suppl_1): 48–85.
Published: 01 December 2006
... = si,j p, R – x j p, R . (1.1) ∂pj ∂R Slutsky ([1915] 1953, equation 55) also derived the following symmetry “condition”: ∂x j ∂x j ∂xi ∂xi sij = + xi = + x j = sji. (1.2) ∂pi ∂R ∂pj ∂R...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (suppl_1): 303–350.
Published: 01 January 1993
... of invariance in the larger context of symmetry principles. Just as the process of mathe­ matical formalization in physics was predicated upon postulation of ever more elaborate symmetries— from spatial symmetry to temporal sym­ metry to more inaccessible gauge symmetries— so too must...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (3): 421–436.
Published: 01 September 2000
... to the expression for the structure of optimum tar- iffs in a multicommodity world, without any restrictions on cross-price elasticities. This approach and this formula are his major contributions. Also important is that Graaff accepts Abba Lerner’s (1936) symmetry theorem, noting that when only two...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (1): 161–165.
Published: 01 March 2001
... to the market or take the Marshallian market demand curve to be vertical (dD/dp = 0). One final point. On page 638 Magnan de Bornier states that “it is, then, clear that [Irving] Fisher suggested the symmetry between quantity- and price-conjectures and was the first to do so.” Actually, it was Cournot...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (Suppl_1): 86–105.
Published: 01 December 2006
...” (VARP) can be transformed into the SARP by means of a small change. Leonid Hurwicz and Marcel K. Richter (1979) show, however, that these two axioms are not linked to the same properties of the Antonelli matrix. SARP implies symmetry as well as the semidefiniteness of the Antonelli matrix...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (1): 178–180.
Published: 01 March 2000
... techniques, restor- ing symmetry (between agent and economist), optimizing over information, endo- genizing expectations, making public predictions, countering bounded rationality, and incorporating vector autoregressions. In Chapter 1, Sent...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (Suppl_1): 153–185.
Published: 01 December 2006
.... Southern Economic Journal 41 : 347 -81. Giocoli, Nicola. 2003 . Modeling Rational Agents: From Interwar Economics to Early Modern Game Theory . Cheltenham, U.K.: Elgar. Hands, D. Wade. 1993 . More Light on Integrability, Symmetry, and Utility as Potential Energy in Mirowski's Critical History...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2002) 34 (3): 553–597.
Published: 01 September 2002
... methodological principles. To that extent, the most im- portant result of Slutsky’s paper is not the Slutsky equation (equation (1) below), but the symmetry relation (equation (2) below), which was the most general empirical restriction on individual demand functions. As regards this methodological aim...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2002) 34 (4): 727–748.
Published: 01 November 2002
...: Meridian Books. Lang, Tim, and Colin Hines. 1993 . The New Protectionism . New York: The New Press. Lerner, Abba P. 1936 . The Symmetry between Import and Export Taxes. Economica 3 : 306 -13. Maneschi, Andrea. 1998 . Comparative Advantage in International Trade: A Historical Perspective...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1995) 27 (Supplement): 39–52.
Published: 01 December 1995
... probabilistic representation of ignorance about a parameter depends on how that parameter functions in a statistical model of the data to be acquired. That is, rather than using a Laplacean, uniform prior to depict prior ignorance about a parameter, Jeffreys argued by way of statistical symmetries...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (1): 85–116.
Published: 01 March 2014
... xi xi Sij = + xj . pj M S is the n x n matrix with representative element Sij, and T indicates trans- pose. In the general n-good case WARP did not imply the third restriction from ordinal utility theory—Slutsky symmetry (Sij = Sji for all i and j...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (3): 461–492.
Published: 01 September 1993
... First Derivatives. Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 53 ( April ): 343 -50. Lerner , Abba P. 1936 . The Symmetry between Import and Export Taxes. Economica, n.s . 3 ( August ): 306 -13. Lerner , Abba P. 1944 . The Economics of Control . New York: Macmillan...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (suppl_1): 45–53.
Published: 01 January 1993
... as “just another way to express a symmetry” (11). With the demise of energetics came the renunciation of the Laplacean dream of a world entirely comprehended by mathematical equations. Mirowski views this entire episode as one motivated by that worst of human flaws, hubris...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2005) 37 (2): 293–307.
Published: 01 June 2005
... are positive for rival and negative for complementary articles. (279 n. 1) This brief passage contains not one but two remarkable contributions to demand and utility theory. The first of these, the fact that dξ/dy = dη/dx, is the first statement of a symmetry condition for cross effects between goods...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1992) 24 (Supplement): 15–27.
Published: 01 December 1992
... strategy was, in the case of symmetry, as assumed in Borel 1921, equivalent to the criterion in current game theory for elimination of a weak or dominated strategy. A weak strategy is one that has a payoff less than or equal to that of some other strategy, 20 Robert W. Dimand and Mary Ann Dimand...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2015) 47 (2): 241–269.
Published: 01 June 2015
... goals by means of managed money violated the price level rule underlying the symmetry of the monetary system. Postwar monetary developments, that is, impaired the properties of the classical gold standard—credibility, stability, and symmetry—that had helped policymakers to tackle temporary...