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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (4): 763–765.
Published: 01 November 1993
... segments stretched along the group dimen- sion, rather than as points, but his text provides no rationale for this enlongation.) Houghton then introduces into the box a three-dimensional surface (a “rucked car- pet shape”) that connects the five viable regions. Throughout the rest of the book...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (4): 761–763.
Published: 01 November 1993
...-dimensional surface (a “rucked car- pet shape”) that connects the five viable regions. Throughout the rest of the book, participants in the bullionist controversy are graphically depicted as occupying, or moving among, locations on this surface. Houghton calls the surface he draws “the only shape...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (Suppl_1): 153–185.
Published: 01 December 2006
..., are equivalent, among which the choice is, for him, a matter of indiffer- ence” (Pareto [1927] 1971, 391). For the case of n goods, with an arbitrary commodity bundle given by x = (x1, x2, . . . , xn), the indifference surface would be given by I = ψ x , (1...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2012) 44 (4): 643–661.
Published: 01 November 2012
... two inputs. The atten- tion was focused on the marginal product contours of the production function and on marginal productivity factor pricing and the distribution of factor incomes. The isoquant is the graph of the level surface of a pro- duction function with one output and two inputs. Early...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2021) 53 (2): 213–241.
Published: 01 April 2021
... quantities of labor and any other number of acres, the physical production table, the physical production surface, and the product contours possessed var- ied merits. Only the latter, however, offered a top view that enabled the reader familiarized with contour diagrams to visualize at a glance all...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (Suppl_1): 23–56.
Published: 01 December 2001
... in a broader sense than 32 Sybilla Nikolow did his predecessors. As we can see from this early work, the tables in- cluded not only an enumeration of natural resources, but also all man- ufactured products, geographical surface numbers, and the population for each European country. The attached...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (3): 497–518.
Published: 01 September 1991
... as a Houghton * Cultural Theory Applied 505 Figure 5. The three-dimensional surface. Source: after Thompson 1982a, 50. z axis, represents the forces acting to affect stability and, of course, instability. What is being implied here is simply that social power is the means by which a given...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1978) 10 (3): 499–501.
Published: 01 September 1978
...” they can reveal the play of controlling influences beneath the surface levels of experience. This belief, he argues, is without foundation. For such reg- ularities as history reveals are to be found solely in the surface phenomena themselves; and these can be grasped only by the “intuitive...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2012) 44 (1): 113–155.
Published: 01 March 2012
... of Choice .” Quarterly Journal of Economics 56 ( 2 ): 274 – 306 . Wald Abraham . 1940 . “ The Approximate Determination of Indifference Surfaces by Means of Engel Curves .” Econometrica 8 ( 2 ): 144 – 75 . Wallis W. Allen . 1935 . “ The Influence of Color on Apparent Size...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1974) 6 (1): 109–113.
Published: 01 March 1974
... in the areal distribution of supply sources, Cheysson developed a model in which the choice of road-paving materials (stones) of dif- ferent durability and different costs is resolved mathematically (Fig. 1). One type of stone, designated “domestic,” is of lesser quality as a road surface...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (S1): 257–260.
Published: 01 December 1991
... as to get at the .38. I have seen the marks on the shiny surface. I laughed, in the latrine, pale green walls sweating and the air conditioning whispering, in the latrine. I write descriptions of natural forms on the walls, scratching them on the tile surface with a diamond. The diamond is a two and one...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1999) 31 (Supplement): 379–412.
Published: 01 December 1999
... these results. He was the premier portraitist of his day, and his artistic practices are exactly what we would expect of a craftsman bent on enhancing his personal reward by finding ways to minimize time while contriving desirable surface effects. These effects in his pictures often were fleeting, suggesting...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1997) 29 (4): 741–746.
Published: 01 November 1997
... ESKs), on the surface it seems to escape the reflexivity problem by characterizing sci- ence as a set of “consensus practices” evolving progressively, as if by “an invisible hand.”2 But all this really does is drive reflexivity out of 2. Philip Kitcher does not actually use the expression...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2010) 42 (4): 747–772.
Published: 01 November 2010
.... The conversation reported in the dialogue, which may be under- stood as its surface layer, is an inquiry in progress rather than a series of conclusive findings. Various arguments may be provisionally accepted only to be rejected after further examination. All arguments must there- fore be contextualized...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (Suppl_1): 313–344.
Published: 01 December 2001
... published his views on the problem of the parallel axiom but he did publish his discussion of curved surfaces. Gauss introduced the concept of “measure of curvature,” now known as the Gaussian curvature of a surface. For a surface of constant curvature, Gauss derived a simple formula relating curvature...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1981) 13 (4): 726–744.
Published: 01 November 1981
... visible on the earth’s surface, in combination with subterranean volcanic forces. It is recorded that when he came across an empirical confirmation of this theory at Siccar Point, Hutton be- came as joyous as a little boy. In opposition to the views of Hutton, A. G. Werner explained...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1988) 20 (4): 583–613.
Published: 01 November 1988
... or objective). After all, modem theories of value since Ricardo (and not Smith, says Foucault) seek to conceive value as a relation of depth. Value and price are treated as surface reflections and, hence, representations of the essential life force that lies beneath that sur- face and that preexists...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (1): 185–187.
Published: 01 March 2006
... this structure, drawing on examples of economics found in numerous literary genres, from fairy tales, novels, and poetry to Web sites and television programs. Clearly, as Amariglio and Ruccio would no doubt admit, a short chapter can do no more than scratch the surface, but it is nonetheless highly...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (1): 187–188.
Published: 01 March 2006
... this structure, drawing on examples of economics found in numerous literary genres, from fairy tales, novels, and poetry to Web sites and television programs. Clearly, as Amariglio and Ruccio would no doubt admit, a short chapter can do no more than scratch the surface, but it is nonetheless highly...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (1): 189–190.
Published: 01 March 2006
... programs. Clearly, as Amariglio and Ruccio would no doubt admit, a short chapter can do no more than scratch the surface, but it is nonetheless highly suggestive of ways in which the topic should be investigated further. Though tangential to the main argument of the book, I cannot help adding...