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proportion

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (1): 55–83.
Published: 01 March 2014
... happiness” is concerned his position was one of pessimism of almost Cynic proportions, albeit a pessimism partially obscured by a veiled reference to the greatest Cynic of them all. Correspondence may be addressed to Terry Peach, School of Social Sciences, Economics, University of Manchester, Manchester...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (3): 539–560.
Published: 01 June 2020
.... This change of definition was closely associated with changes in the preferred measurement of development, from average income (based on national income accounting) to the proportion of the population holding certain characteristics of what it meant to live in poverty (instantiated in various index number...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2019) 51 (4): 671–702.
Published: 01 August 2019
.... Together with the abolition of local branches, these first two membership drives diluted the role of women in the association. In contrast, the membership drive of 1922–26 reflected a growing interest in graduate students and young instructors that somewhat increased the proportion of women among members...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (2): 345–367.
Published: 01 June 2001
... to lay their consumption under proportional taxes, which they may easily draw back; because they will raise the price of their work proportionally. From this we may conclude, contrary to the common opinion, that the test of well imposed taxes is to raise prices in proportion. When...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1969) 1 (1): 44–66.
Published: 01 March 1969
... in accordance with a proportion and not on the basis of precisely equal return. For it is by proportionate requital that the city holds together.”16 The idea of a fund of mutual benefit derived from specialization of function serving as the binding force of family and village and city is so clearly de...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1977) 9 (4): 504–521.
Published: 01 November 1977
... Neoclassical marginal productivity theory to explain how exchange at the just price would provide an income proportionate to one's status. Dignitas in the full sense depends upon fulfilling a social function other than the production of wealth, and income must be distributed in proportion...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1973) 5 (1): 050–071.
Published: 01 March 1973
... and rent: We will, however, suppose, that no improvements take place in agriculture, and that capital and population advance in the proper proportion, so that the real wages of labor, continue uni- formly the same . . , .15 The rise or fall of wages is common to all states...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1982) 14 (1): 112–114.
Published: 01 March 1982
.... They are: (a) Variations in money do not affect relative prices and interest. (b) The demand for money is a constant proportion of income. The first evidence Peake cites in support of his contention that Ricardo “rigidly separated money from relative prices (price from value) and developed...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1998) 30 (4): 571–599.
Published: 01 November 1998
... of proportionality between putative “economic” magnitudes: (Al) “ . , . till ultimately the Waterman / Malthus, Mathematics, and Coherence 573 means of subsistence become in the same proportion to the population as at the period from which we set out’’ ([ 17981 1966,31); (A2) “popu- lation...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (1): 91–149.
Published: 01 March 2006
... to reconsider his views on labor. Sraffa was impressed by the way in which Ricardo had attempted to deal with the case under consideration in terms of what Sraffa called “proportional wages,” that is, “the proportion of the annual labour of the country . . . devoted to the support of the labourers...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1985) 17 (4): 551–574.
Published: 01 November 1985
... of this statement would seem to be that higher-paid hours of labour are counted as proportionately more hours of unskilled labour (in proportion, that is, to the relative wage rates). The ‘quantity of labour’ in a branch of industry, in other words, is nothing more (or less) than the wages bill...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1999) 31 (2): 317–335.
Published: 01 June 1999
... needs which was not to be swayed by theoretical reservations about his coinage standard.”2 Grau- man’s scheme implied a proportion between silver and gold of only 12.5 to 1, lower than that in Austria. According to Shaw, this decision to price gold more cheaply than in the neighboring Austrian...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1982) 14 (2): 147–165.
Published: 01 June 1982
... effects arising from the varia- tion of money (V, 107-8, and 111, 136-37); and (3) that, in a world of commodity or profit taxes, variations in money do not affect all prices in the same proportion (I, 209). The first two mechanisms for non-neutrality are well-explained...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1994) 26 (3): 465–485.
Published: 01 September 1994
... price of labour, and of every thing that is the produce either of land or labour, must necessarily either rise or fall in proportion to the money price of corn” (Smith [1776] 1976,510)-is widely acknowledged as a turning point in the development of his theory of profits. It is instruc- tive...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (4): 801–808.
Published: 01 August 2020
... proportion2 are debated by Marx, defended by Polanyi, made the core of Rawls Difference Principle and expressed in a new form in Sen s capabilities approach (3). I will describe this proportion (called proportion A ) which plays a prominent role in the book later, since except in the chapter devoted...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1971) 3 (1): 105–135.
Published: 01 March 1971
...- class interests of high corn prices derives from the assumption that money wages are determined by the price of corn, whereas expenditures are also made on manufactured goods. Since a rise in corn prices leads to a proportionate rise in money wages whereas the basket of goods contains...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1987) 19 (4): 621–638.
Published: 01 November 1987
...’ which is coex- tensive with (i).4 11. A Summary Statement of the KDPQT In his Essay of 1699 Davenant set out the price-quantity table as follows: We take it, that a defect in the harvest may raise the price of corn in the following proportions: Defect Above...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2007) 39 (2): 293–306.
Published: 01 June 2007
...: Ricardo and the “New View” / Peach 297 There are three causes then,—the quality of the soil under cultivation,— the degree of skill with which labour is applied,—and the proportion of the produce absorbed as wages, which determine the rate of return upon productive capital. . . . The fi...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1995) 27 (Supplement): 7–32.
Published: 01 December 1995
... to respond: “But if, knowing the proportion of white and black balls in the urn, his expectation differs from that proportion, we may expect from a rational man an account of the source of the difference.” It seems to me clear that analysis of these reasons is exactly what Keynes wanted to introduce...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (4): 609–640.
Published: 01 November 2014
... proportion, well or ill, according to chance or caprice, without any peculiar intellectual conduct, whereby the society of commerce and circu- lation is governed.”1 Correspondence may be addressed to Richard van den Berg, Kingston University Business School, Kingston Hill Campus, Kingston upon Thames...