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preventive check

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (4): 697–716.
Published: 01 November 2001
...: Cambridge University Press. Malthus, Population, and the Generational Bargain David Collard Thomas Malthus, inhis famous Essay on Population (1798), put for- ward a simple yet powerful “model” of economic and social policy. The prize was great, since his preventive check...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1986) 18 (2): 187–235.
Published: 01 June 1986
....~ In the following passage, introduced in the fifth edition of the Essay ( 1817), Malthus explains that the check to population growth, forced upon the system by land scarcity, must either be exercised by declining ‘corn’ wages or by deliberate constraint designed precisely to prevent the decline...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1978) 10 (2): 271–285.
Published: 01 June 1978
... of behavior was not beyond mortal man. Malthus capitulated, while still claiming victory, when in the second edition of the Essay (1803) he gave special promi- nence to a new preventive check (in addition to vice) to population-moral restraint. . . . Given the possible-although in Malthus...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1984) 16 (1): 135–138.
Published: 01 March 1984
... of thought on this issue, it would be as follows: Moral restraint was the only acceptable alternative to the twin evils of the preventive check (vice) and the positive check (misery). Any system which encouraged greater moral restraint would produce more virtuous happiness, and hence, on utilitarian...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2019) 51 (4): 731–751.
Published: 01 August 2019
... restraint bettering our condition preventive check References Aspromourgos Tony . 2009 . The Science of Wealth: Adam Smith and the Framing of Political Economy . London : Routledge . Bonar James . (1885) 1924 . Malthus and His Work . 2nd ed. London : George Allen and Unwin...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1976) 8 (2): 235–251.
Published: 01 June 1976
..., unnatural passions, violations of the marriage bed, and improper arts to conceal the consequences of irregular con- nections, are preventive checks that clearly come under the head of vice.” Malthus did not believe that moral restraint-“the restraint from marriage which’ is not fol- lowed...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (3): 558–561.
Published: 01 September 1993
... they “abolish the preventive check to mar- riage” (179). Mill concurred with Malthus and asserted, therefore, that “Chris- tianity must be replaced or reformed to serve as the moral basis for the new order” in which morals would develop spontaneously (198). At the same time, Mill was optimistic about...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1976) 8 (3): 311–323.
Published: 01 September 1976
... to the positive and preventive checks to population growth. With this background Wicksell embarks upon his foremost contribution to population studies, “The Two Population Questions,” which follows here. 11. See n. 1 above. 316 History of Political Economy 8:3 (1976) THE TWO...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2013) 45 (1): 61–97.
Published: 01 March 2013
... of population, the preventative [sic] and positive. Of the latter sort are wars famines diseases and the causes of them are vices of all sorts. The preventive check is prudence by which a man is restrained from marriage till he can support a family. The only means of increasing the population...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1990) 22 (1): 19–47.
Published: 01 March 1990
..., pestilence, famine, etc.-and the biological evolutionists Darwin and Wallace used the idea of positive checks in developing their theories of purposeless natural selection. However, Malthus also allowed for preventative checks, which were practices purposefully developed by individuals to acquire...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2009) 41 (4): 605–644.
Published: 01 November 2009
... of the reading of Wallace’s communication to the Linnean Society. Collard / Wallace and the Political Economists 607 subsistence and so would have to be checked. In the light of what follows it is important to note that Malthus distinguished between “preventivechecks (such as late...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2016) 48 (1): 65–110.
Published: 01 March 2016
... is missing, but the Review printed a reply acknowledging that it had misconceived his classification of the checks and providing the following corrected version of Malthus’s distinction between preventive checks and positive checks: the positive checks are “whatever takes away human beings...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2003) 35 (4): 687–712.
Published: 01 November 2003
... Association for Labor Legislation (AALL), a lead- ing reform organization, emphasized public assistance as a cause of dys- genicselection: Everyefforttoremove what Malthus called the “positive checks” to populations, without at the same time increasing the preventative checks, must result...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2005) 37 (Suppl_1): 71–90.
Published: 01 December 2005
...- interests in check. Rules formed by the experience of knavery playing against knavery, rather than by the experience of one knave or a few colluding ones, are more robust examples of worst-case thinking because they are better able to cope and to learn how to prevent the knavery of one group from...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (2): 211–238.
Published: 01 April 2020
... modest legal obstacles to reduce . . . the citadel is stormed. Keynes continued: Within our own lifetime the population of this island will cease to increase and will probably diminish. Man has won the right to use the powerful weapon of the preventive check. But we shall do well to recog- nize...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1994) 26 (3): 423–441.
Published: 01 September 1994
... upon adher- ence to “real bills” as the check against overissue. Others, including Blaug (1985) and Laidler (1981), argue that Smith felt that bankers do not always follow their self-interest, in which case, reflux is required as an overriding check. Still others maintain that Smith...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1985) 17 (2): 265–285.
Published: 01 June 1985
... the monetary authority is willing to create cash” (1936, 205), with economic forces determining the allo- cation between transactions and speculative balances. Because banks offer different types of accounts to appeal to customers’ different motives (checking accounts for those with a transactions...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1977) 9 (4): 560–587.
Published: 01 November 1977
... of his 1935 book 100% Money is, “Designed to keep checking banks 100% liquid; to prevent inflation and deflation; largely to cure or prevent depressions; and to wipe out much of the National Debt.” He was no more reticent in his letters to the President. In a relatively full summary, he...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2013) 45 (4): 623–645.
Published: 01 November 2013
... with it. 4. Prevent a general rise in prices by removing the cause, which is an excess of money demand for goods (at current prices) as compared with the available supply. 5. Remove the excess money demand directly by rationing the amount of money that may be spent by each...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1999) 31 (1): 79–107.
Published: 01 March 1999
...; and thirdly, by requiring that every bank should give security. (21) Thus, the most important reform in banking was to change the law that prevented more than six partners from joining in an issuing com- pany. The existing law “has taken away, as to the Bank of England, the great check over abuses...