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occupational crowding

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 193–220.
Published: 01 December 2022
...Sarah F. Small Abstract Barbara Bergmann was well known for many contributions to economics, but she was perhaps most famous for her 1971 occupational crowding hypothesis. The hypothesis was published during a surge of literature on the economics of discrimination, and it temporarily stood among...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 283–285.
Published: 01 December 2022
... University and a postdoctoral researcher at the Center for Women and Work at Rutgers University. Her research focuses on feminist economics, specifically intrahousehold bargaining, occupational crowding, and feminist methodology and pedagogy. ...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 1–15.
Published: 01 December 2022
... experiences in the paid labor market posed for the economics discipline. Mainstream economics, with its focus on perfect competition, had little space for considerations of group power and conflict. Barbara Bergmann's occupational crowding hypothesis was at the core of this dispute. Sarah F. Small explores...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2021) 53 (5): 799–832.
Published: 01 October 2021
... work on the status of women. They emphasized Edgeworth s intuitions on women s crowding in specific occupations and his description of discrimination against women by trade unions neither being original thoughts in his time. But none of them discussed Edgeworth s main thesis: if free competition...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1983) 15 (3): 391–396.
Published: 01 September 1983
... will then be determined by the earnings in other occupations and by the costs of fishing. Let us assume that the costs are identical for both grounds (in reality they will probably be higher on B, because more gear is destroyed, etc Let the costs be 400 D.kr. per man, and the wages, determined...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1975) 7 (2): 137–155.
Published: 01 June 1975
... of the “termination of war” expenditures which provided facilities and fringe benefits to the Occupation itself in amounts totaling over 30 percent of the total general-account ex- penditures of the Central Government in 1947. This was undoubtedly are inflationary insofar as they crowd out...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 259–282.
Published: 01 December 2022
... “leisure.” 18 There are several approaches to understanding how demographic feminization reduces the remunerative and perceived value of occupations: queuing (Reskin and Roos 1990 ), occupational segregation and crowding (Bergmann 1974 ), and devaluation (England 1992 ). Resistance to feminization...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1999) 31 (Supplement): 85–120.
Published: 01 December 1999
...: Economic and Aesthetic Man. Victorian Studies 36 . 2 : 125 -53. Geddes , Patrick . 1884 . John Ruskin: Economist . Edinburgh: William Brown. Golby , J. M. , and A. W. Purdue. 1984 . The Civilisation of the Crowd: Popular Culture in England 1750–1900 . London: Batsford Academic...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (3): 387–407.
Published: 01 September 2014
... of pleasure, not the good life. Moreover, the unchecked pursuit of evermore money is likely to crowd out other intrinsically valuable goods, such as friendship, agency, and autonomy. Finally, from the standpoint of Aristotle’s virtue ethics, wealth acquisition beyond the natural limit is considered...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1969) 1 (1): 150–172.
Published: 01 March 1969
... and wages were devoted in part to an “improvement in their standard of living ” (pp. 306-7, 352) and hence to an increase of their capacity to maintain a relatively favorable wage status (p. 336). Interoccupational differences in fertility had the effect of causing some occupations...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1980) 12 (1): 83–96.
Published: 01 March 1980
... and conveniences of life” than before.lO With respect to health, a non-pecuniary but “essential ingredient of happiness,”ll the working poor would certainly be injured by industrial-biased growth. Moving from the farm to the factory, more workers would be exposed to crowding in “close and unwholesome...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2007) 39 (Suppl_1): 117–133.
Published: 01 December 2007
... Press. Riesman, David, Reuel Denney, and Nathan Glazer. 1950 . The Lonely Crowd: A Study of the Changing American Character . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press. Rousseau, Jean-Jacques. [1781] 1967 . The Confessions . Translated by J. M. Cohen. Reprint, Harmondsworth, U.K.: Penguin...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2005) 37 (3): 509–534.
Published: 01 September 2005
... is considered today a “prophet” of the effects of capitalism on the environment and on human society (MacCarthy 1994, 420). He railed against the exploitation of the land and of nature, against the crowded, unsanitary conditions of urbanization, the impoverished condi- tions of the working class...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1996) 28 (1): 1–25.
Published: 01 March 1996
... degree of satisfaction and are happier, along with our desire to receive the sympathetic adulation of the crowd, spur us on to achieve wealth and greatness. This is a deception. However much this corruption is lamentable, the distinction of ranks and the deception Young...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1973) 5 (1): 199–214.
Published: 01 March 1973
... ON ENTREPRENEUR contact with the occupational world of the established order. Fre- quently, nominal acceptance o.E that order is the price of success in one’s profession. This opportunity, however, was denied Veblen until he was almost of middle age. Upon completion of his doctorate at twenty...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1981) 13 (2): 256–277.
Published: 01 June 1981
... to Ohlin. In a lucid counterargument (1934 monograph, Part Four, Ch. 4, 3) to the crowding-out argument (well known already at that time; see below), Myrdal showed how the process must converge with production and income expanding until savings have caught up with the original expansionary impulse...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2013) 45 (suppl_1): 1–19.
Published: 01 December 2013
... then and now have been occupants of the public sphere, and to understand their encounters with the public we must appreciate the expectations they bring to the meeting and the institutional contexts that enable the encounters. The unifying claim of our collection is that economists’ public interventions have...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1989) 21 (3): 503–520.
Published: 01 September 1989
... . ‘The moral economy of the English crowd in the eighteenth century.’ Past and Present 50 ( February ): 76 -136. Thompson , Noel 1977 . ‘Ricardian socialists/Smithian socialists: what's in a name?’ Research Paper, University of Cambridge. Thompson , Noel 1984 . The people's science...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2016) 48 (suppl_1): 16–43.
Published: 01 December 2016
... . “Mental Accounting and Consumer Choice.” Marketing Science 4 ( 3 ): 199 – 214 . ———. 1999 . “Mental Accounting Matters.” Journal of Behavioral Decision Making 12 ( 3 ): 183 – 206 . Thompson E. P. 1971 . “The Moral Economy of the English Crowd in the Eighteenth Century...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1976) 8 (2): 151–184.
Published: 01 June 1976
... on the importance of work, incentives, even a ‘Yuirly rigid division of labor, binding the majority to one occupation for life” (see Sik 1967, p. 139). Elliott * Marx and models of socialist economy 163 ences could be made consistent with his equality rule by the concept of “compensating...