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natural experiments

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2017) 49 (Supplement): 127–157.
Published: 01 December 2017
... and the expertise they possess. First documenting their growth bibliometrically, this article aims to illuminate the origins, content, and contexts of quasi-experimental research designs, which seek natural experiments to justify causal inference. To highlight lines of continuity and discontinuity in the transition...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2010) 42 (1): 75–110.
Published: 01 March 2010
... the framework to discuss “Nature's experiments” and will allow us to discuss measurement outside the laboratory more generally. Correspondence may be addressed to Marcel Boumans, Amsterdam School of Economics, University of Amsterdam, Roetersstraat 11, 1018 WB Amsterdam, The Netherlands; e-mail...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2017) 49 (Supplement): 264–291.
Published: 01 December 2017
... of development economics theories involved learning in the field and developing new analyses and concepts out of this experience, not just taking ideas from other fields and applying them in a different context. During the 1950s the discipline prospered but, by the 1960s, it faced a crisis, for it came...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2009) 41 (1): 143–162.
Published: 01 March 2009
... primitive probabilities based on experience of statistical evidence, and primitive a priori probabilities based on a more general and less precise kind of experience, inherited by the human race through evolution. Given primitive probabilities, no other devices than the rules of calculus of probabilities...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2008) 40 (5): 88–113.
Published: 01 December 2008
...Daniela Parisi This essay focuses on Francesco Vito (1902–1968), one of the most important Italian economists and a contributor to an extensive, thorough debate in Catholic social thinking, a debate at times accompanied and followed by exacting and solid experience in the real world, in an effort...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy 175–203.
Published: 26 August 2021
... . “ The End of Theory: The Data Deluge Makes the Scientific Method Obsolete .” Wired , June 23 . www.wired.com/2008/06/pb-theory/ . Angrist Joshua D. Krueger Alan B. . 2001 . “ Instrumental Variables and the Search for Identification: From Supply and Demand to Natural Experiments...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (1): 178–180.
Published: 01 March 2000
... as a sequence of moves made by agents in response to various interests outside nature. Pickering attempts to reconstruct the temporal process of science in which agents, equipment, and ideas, nature, experiments, interests, colleagues, laboratories, accounts...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (Suppl_1): 277–302.
Published: 01 December 2001
..., when it came to the use of the balance as a tool of investigation in the Theory. Balancing Pleasures and Pains In the middle of the nineteenth century it was a widely held opinion that tools and methods like mathematics and experiments, which could be so fruitfully applied to nature, were...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (Suppl_1): 117–144.
Published: 01 December 2000
... Osterman calls this aspect of Myth “a damning indictment of how labor economics has been practiced over the past three decades” (1995, 839). Card and Krueger offer their own empir- ical approach—“natural experiment” and “model-free empiricism”—as evidentially superior to earlier econometric studies...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (2): 367–396.
Published: 01 April 2020
... . 2005 . “ A Natural Experiment in Monetary Policy Covering Three Episodes of Growth and Decline in the Economy and the Stock Market .” Journal of Economic Perspectives 19 , no. 4 : 145 – 50 . Friedman Milton Friedman Rose . 1998 . Two Lucky People—Memoirs . Chicago : University...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (2): 211–229.
Published: 01 June 2014
... of experiments that Nature is steadily turning out from her own enormous laboratory, and which we merely watch as passive observers. (14) In case of the first class of experiments, to isolate a selected set of fac- tors, x1, . . . , xn, from the other influences,x n + 1, xn + 2, . . . , we first...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2009) 41 (Suppl_1): 315–333.
Published: 01 December 2009
... variables whose legitimacy may be argued on substantive grounds. This search parallels the popularity of identifi cation of natural experi- ments in microeconomics, which as shown by James Heckman (1996) is a form of instrumental variables estimation. One famous example is Daron Acemoglu, Simon...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2021) 53 (4): 745–782.
Published: 01 August 2021
...-Catholic model outlined by Austria and Portugal. Then, we show that Perroux’s travels influenced his economic thought, both theoretically and methodologically. Eventually, the diagnostic he drew from his mid-1930s tour within foreign experiences will also help shed light on the way he welcomed and tried...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2021) 53 (3): 407–423.
Published: 01 June 2021
... the aspect of [its] utility in the manufacturing arts as differing markedly from that of writers with scientific pretensions (Meyer and Popplow 2004: 16). A seventeenth-century perspective returns to an earlier stage when natural experiment and manufactures were inte- grated in the same projecting...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy 27–52.
Published: 26 August 2021
... was a theory falsely supported by gradual substitutions of other inputs for agricultural labor, Schultz needed a kind of natural experiment that was much more sudden, so as to exclude UNCORRECTED PROOFS 36 Paul Burnett confounding factor substitutions. A true test required a sudden change in circumstances...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2017) 49 (Supplement): 34–57.
Published: 01 December 2017
... was the growing ability of empirical economists to recognize and properly analyze situations in which “human institutions or the forces of nature” had created “informative natural or quasi-experiments.” Many economists, however, see in Angrist and Pischke’s credibility rev- olution not only a change...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2003) 35 (Suppl_1): 42–73.
Published: 01 December 2003
... Press. Bachaumont, Louis Petit de. 1780-89 . Mémoires secrets pour servir à l'histoire de la république de lettres en France . 9 vols. London: John Adamson. Baker, Keith. 1975 . Condorcet: From Natural Philosophy to Social Mathematics . Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ____. 1990...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2012) 44 (suppl_1): 114–136.
Published: 01 December 2012
.... Kuznets was president of the American Statistical Association in 1949. 118  Marcel Boumans and in social science and its consequence for the reliability of the sta- tistics: in natural science, “where controlled experiment is possible, the experimenter produces his own data—in accordance with his...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1995) 27 (3): 449–476.
Published: 01 September 1995
... to Smith’s argument. With respect to the problem of induction, Hume argues that transfer of an inference from past experience to the future is natural and customary to human psychology. For Hume, according to Capaldi, habit means an instinct triggered by experience (125). Hume calls habit a natural...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (1): 181–185.
Published: 01 March 2000
...- ture of all his work. Reading or rereading Black’s essays is a rewarding experience strongly recom- mended to readers of this journal. A. W. Coats, University of Nottingham Critical Economic...