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machine tax

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2018) 50 (4): 709–733.
Published: 01 December 2018
..., loosely organized and widely spread across the United States, the machine tax movement evolved from conversations among friends and letters to the editor in local newspapers to policy proposals at the federal level. The grassroots effort ultimately failed. In the context of the rise of Keynesian analysis...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2013) 45 (4): 623–645.
Published: 01 November 2013
... for any particular good at the current price is greater than the supply, let the price rise as high as is necessary to restore equality of demand and supply. 2. Abolish all taxes other than the personal income tax. 3. Stop all voluntary loans to the government and all the wasteful...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2021) 53 (4): 673–695.
Published: 01 August 2021
... investment plus government spending must be equal to total income/expenditure, which must equal consumption plus saving plus taxes plus exports minus Danby / Meade, Phillips 675 Figure 1. Meade demonstrating the two-country machine to his seminar in 1952. Source: Meade Collection, LSE Library. C + I + G Y...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 191–217.
Published: 01 December 2020
... .” Biometrika 35 , nos. 3–4 : 397 – 413 . Pechman J. A. 1965 . “ A New Tax Model for Revenue Estimating .” In Proceedings of a Symposium of Federal Taxation . Washington, DC : American Bankers’ Association . Political Science . 1968 . “ The Profession .” 1 , no. 4 : 12 – 18...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1982) 14 (3): 385–405.
Published: 01 September 1982
.... In spite of their sound design, the machines were unfinished at the time of Babbage’s death in 1871, due to the inability of the technology of his time to produce the precision parts that were required.’ In a letter to the Royal Society seeking financial assistance for his first machine, Babbage...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1999) 31 (2): 337–359.
Published: 01 June 1999
...” of the Church, 1831–1840. In The Practical and the Pious , edited by A. C. Cheyne. Edinburgh: Saint Andrews Press. Maclaren , Duncan . 1836 . History of the Resistance to the Annuity Tax . Edinburgh: Saint Andrews Press. Muller , Jerry Z. . 1993 . Adam Smith in His Time and Ours . New York...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (3): 393–414.
Published: 01 June 2022
... favorable to production, that taxes are not contrary to it” (Say [1828] 2010 : 46). Say considered the use of machines and steam engines a positive consequence of a general maladjustment of the English economy. High taxes led to high prices, which compelled British entrepreneurs to look for all...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1981) 13 (4): 851–854.
Published: 01 November 1981
... of writ- ings also reveals Turgot’s highly developed sense of theory in the ordered pre- sentation of ideas; his critical acceptance of Physiocratic ideas, especially in matters of tax policy; his considerable powers of taxonomy and criticism. By piecing these various writings together...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (1): 1–38.
Published: 01 March 2000
.... Taxes that raised price above costs, such as excise taxes, monopoly tolls, and tariffs, all caused lost utility. Reduction of any of these would increase welfare. Technological improvements such as the introduction of new machines lowered costs...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (2): 233–266.
Published: 01 June 2000
... . London:Parker. Mises, Ludvig. 1932 . Review of Frank Graham's“The Great German Inflation,” Economica 12.36 : 227 -34. Moggridge, Donald E. 1992 . Maynard Keynes:An Economist's Biography . London: Routledge. Morag, Amotz. 1965 . Inflation as a Tax. In On Taxes and Inflation . New York: Random...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1980) 12 (3): 316–335.
Published: 01 September 1980
...-decreasing receipts. An attempt has been made to mea- sure this excess by adding together all federal expenditures that ap- pear to affect business activity directly and subtracting all taxes ex- cept estate and gift taxes. The chief weakness of the resulting figures lies in the assumption...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (1): 143–155.
Published: 01 March 1991
... , Jean 1913 . Les atomes . Paris: F. Alcan. Salmon , Wesley 1984 . Scientific Explanation and the Causal Structure of the World . Princeton: Princeton University Press. Smith , Roger S. 1989 . Factors Affecting Saving, Policy Tools, and Tax Reform: A Review. IMF Working Paper, 23...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2015) 47 (suppl_1): 147–173.
Published: 01 December 2015
... calculating machine.” But there is an additional requirement—that the planner be able to calculate the appropriate tax and subsidy schedules in accord with the ethical constraint. In the model Samuelson has the taxes and subsidies set by the “servant” of the “ethical observer.” The set of necessary...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1984) 16 (1): 69–88.
Published: 01 March 1984
... of it to the inequitable distribution of the tax burden, govern- mental interference with trade in grain, and the pursuit of destabilizing fiscal policies. His reformist contemporaries shared his interpretation in considerable but varying measure. They did not, however, entirely share his belief that simple...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1985) 17 (2): 203–218.
Published: 01 June 1985
... debt: Except, therefore, under some extraordinary superiority of machin- ery (which can only be considered as a temporary and accidental advantage), to admit, by free trade, the cheap, comparatively untaxed labour of foreign countries, to compete with the heavily taxed labour...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (1): 168–169.
Published: 01 March 2000
... gentry and yeomanry among the middle classes). But stability and virtue trump energy and independence, and Alison stoutly supports Protectionism, indirect taxes, the unreformed Parliament and universities, and all the prerogatives of the Church...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (1): 109–135.
Published: 01 February 2022
... was an overarching ambition on asset valuation, defined as the undertaking to determine the total value of a productive property (machines, plants, public infrastructure, patents, stocks of ore, etc.) from different perspectives (sale, depreciation, optimal exploitation). In other words, the connection between...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1994) 26 (2): 203–220.
Published: 01 June 1994
... . The Evolution of Modern Capitalism: A Study of Machine Production, 4th ed. London: Allen & Unwin. Hobson , J. A. 1930 . Rationalisation and Unemployment: An Economic Dilemma. London: Allen & Unwin. Hobson , J. A. 1938 . The Confessions of an Economic Heretic. London: Allen...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1989) 21 (3): 457–480.
Published: 01 September 1989
... the capitalist reduces his work force producing food and necessaries by half, putting the remain- ing laborers to work constructing a machine for future production of those same food and necessaries. That is, out of the 13,000 spent as circulating capital, paying the wages of the work force, half...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1978) 10 (4): 525–533.
Published: 01 November 1978
... to assume that inventories would respond first, then durable producers’ and consumers’ goods and finally construction. With increasing sales a larger inventory of goods in course of production becomes necessary; with increasing production there is a tendency to add to machines and replace...