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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (3): 463–490.
Published: 01 September 2014
... studies, in what different ways it affected economics. The first explores the resonance of the Jansenist culture of several members of the Gournay circle on their methodological approaches and their promotion of agriculture and trade. The second case study focuses on the loan at interest. This article...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2019) 51 (S1): 253–276.
Published: 01 December 2019
...Johanna Bockman In 1980 the World Bank extended its first structural adjustment loans. Scholars and activists have argued that structural adjustment policies, and the neoclassical economics that legitimates them, destroyed Keynesianism, developmentalism, and socialism. In contrast to the view...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1988) 20 (2): 299–308.
Published: 01 June 1988
... the value of his contribution, Phillips left some things undone. First, he did not show precisely how the individual bank (singular) creates deposits, even though he understood that banks generally create deposits by making loans. Second, in developing his analysis of derivative deposits, he did...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1999) 31 (4): 753–769.
Published: 01 November 1999
... of the quantity of money and of the loan rate of interest.4 In clear contrast to Mises, and 2. Hayek (1933,26) there wrote: “From the time of Hume and Adam Smith, the effect of every attempt to understand economic phenomena-that is to say, of every theoretical analysis -has been to show...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1982) 14 (3): 406–426.
Published: 01 September 1982
... the usurer with him: you must not demand interest from him. If you take another’s cloak as a pledge, ’you must give it back to him before sunset (Exodus 22:25-6).5 Here, there is a clear recommendation against the demand for a surplus in excess of the principal in making consumption loans...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (Suppl_1): 162–189.
Published: 01 December 2001
... bank bor- rowing at the discount window. This set was appropriate for a passive, decentralized, noninterventionist system ofautonomous regional reserve banks serving local commercial banks and their borrowers by accom- modating automatically all productive demands for loans over the cy- cle while...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (4): 665–709.
Published: 01 November 2006
... Press. Lerner, Abba P. 1944 . Interest Theory—Supply and Demand for Loans or Supply and Demand for Cash. Review of Economic Statistics 26 : 88 -91. Lindahl, Erik. 1929 . Prisbildningsproblemets uppläggning från kapitalteoretisk synpunkt (The Place of Capital in the Theory of Price...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1978) 10 (4): 525–533.
Published: 01 November 1978
... that the Treasury estimates are far too high for “Loans and grants to states, etc.” and for “all other.” I have provided for a 20 per cent increase in the rate of expenditures of this type over the first six months of the fiscal year. In the case of “Loans to railroads” and “Highways” I have provided...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2002) 34 (3): 533–552.
Published: 01 September 2002
... consisted of loans to the Allies. In the 24 months from January 1, 1930 to January 1, 1932 the loss has amounted to double the money expenditure caused by the war, and if the situation continues, it will double again before the year is over. History of Political Economy 34:3 © 2002 by Duke University...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (4): 815–824.
Published: 01 November 2001
... on an old puzzle.1 During the Anglo-American loan negotiations in the autumn of 1945, there had naturally been discussions of Britain’s capacity to service its new American debt. As a part of these discussions, in collaboration with two economists, Frederic Harmer of the British Treasury and David Mc...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2002) 34 (1): 31–53.
Published: 01 March 2002
... deposits; c1 = cash withdrawals to other banks as a result of deposit expansion; x = loan expansion from addi- tional cash; r = the ratio of cash to deposits; k = the ratio of derivative deposits to loans—the redeposit ratio; and 1−k the clearing house drain. The amount of cash withdrawals that flow...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1990) 22 (3): 507–528.
Published: 01 September 1990
... and Keynes’s theories of interest.5 11. “Capital” in the classical theory of interest The classics defined “capital” in their theory of interest as a fund, saved out of income, which is loaned out in return for the payment of interest. Thus Marshall (Principles, 61 -62) explained...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1990) 22 (1): 125–136.
Published: 01 March 1990
.... Table 1 shows the balance sheets of the two groups in various situa- tions. Table la represents some initial position in which the banks’ liabilities consist of 10,000 of paper money (P).Their assets consist of 2,000 in the form of gold or coin (G), and 8,000 in the form of loans (L...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2013) 45 (4): 623–645.
Published: 01 November 2013
... for any particular good at the current price is greater than the supply, let the price rise as high as is necessary to restore equality of demand and supply. 2. Abolish all taxes other than the personal income tax. 3. Stop all voluntary loans to the government and all the wasteful...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1989) 21 (1): 77–90.
Published: 01 March 1989
..., and that this should be done. If loans were made only by those who abstain from consumption, or intermediaries who act as their agents, this theory might be tenable. In this case any increase in lending would signify that someone has reduced his consumption, making resources available for capital...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1997) 29 (2): 201–217.
Published: 01 June 1997
... Period. agents: capitalists,entrepreneurs, landlords, workers, and one bank. There is only inside money; the bank does not cany any reserves. The bank has unlimited power to expand credits because new loans will be ex- actly matched by new deposits. All payments go through the bank. The bank...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy 833–856.
Published: 28 July 2021
... Economic Studies , no. 2 : 141 – 52 . Bell Duncan . 2010 . “ John Stuart Mill on Colonies .” Political Theory 38 , no. 1 : 34 – 64 . Bian Li . 2005 . “ The Readjustments of Laws and Regulations on Pawn and Loan Activities and Social Stability of Rural Areas in the Ming-Qing...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1977) 9 (1): 89–121.
Published: 01 March 1977
... administration beginning in 1933. They were financed by a combination of loans and taxes. In 1933 and the first half of 1934 they employed some 50,000 men and another 20-25,OOO on regular self-liquidating public works. The wages and work- ing conditions on the “regular” projects were equal to market...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1985) 17 (1): 133–144.
Published: 01 March 1985
... as the basis of large-scale action” (XXL305). Keynes’ principal advice to Roosevelt was to increase loan expendi- ture to at least $400 million per week and sustain that rate for a minimum of one year. Large public expenditure was the only operative measure that could be taken to break the impasse...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1987) 19 (4): 525–550.
Published: 01 November 1987
... indirect taxes fall on them with a surcharge?”12Du Pont’s manuscript review of the first public loans prize essays in 1797 unmistakably disclosed his persistent view that “proprietors pay indirect taxes with a surcharge.” l3 A year earlier, he re-read to the Institute his most notable...