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intermediate technology

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2018) 50 (S1): 249–265.
Published: 01 December 2018
... of the intermediate technology movement in the field of economic development, promoting the idea from the early 1960s and then going on to establish the Intermediate Technology Development Group. This article discusses the evolution of Schumacher’s ideas on technology and development, showing how they reflected his...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1986) 18 (1): 33–47.
Published: 01 March 1986
.... The devel- opment of an “intermediatetechnology would increase the chances of survival of such business firms. He also favours the application of “edu- cative protectionism” in order to give semi-industrial enterprises in devel- Vundewulle Neo-romanticism in political economy 45...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2019) 51 (S1): 127–151.
Published: 01 December 2019
... of technologically differentiated industries, ordered by their priority for receiving scarce high-quality goods. The forced development of the economy is its qualitative differentiation, which over time creates inherent structural imperatives for large-scale reorderings of that priority hierarchy, lest the phenomena...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2009) 41 (Suppl_1): 182–199.
Published: 01 December 2009
... to Economics. Economic Journal 113 : F585 –F631. Chari, V. V., Larry E. Jones, and Rodolfo E. Manuelli. 1996 . Inflation, Growth, and Financial Intermediation. Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis Review 78 : 41 –58. Choi, Sangmok, Bruce D. Smith, and John H. Boyd. 1996 . Inflation, Financial...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1975) 7 (4): 456–481.
Published: 01 November 1975
... modest success of the search for “intermediate technologies” for underde- veloped countries in recent years. Such technologies may prove to be attainable, but they are certainly not readily available. Moreover, profit-oriented business firms do not ordinarily commit resources...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2002) 34 (2): 321–364.
Published: 01 June 2002
... of the IS Curve and the Aggregate Demand Curve. Journal of Macroeconomics 4 (spring): 233 -38. Rowan, D. C. 1968 . Output, Inflation, and Growth: An Introduction to Macroeconomics . London:Macmillan. Rowan, D. C., and Thomas Mayer. 1972 . Intermediate Macroeconomics: Output, Inflation, and Growth...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2002) 34 (1): 241–254.
Published: 01 March 2002
... in a purely quantitative “core” of the the- ory in which the relationships between prices and distributive variables enforced by free competition were seen to determine profits of capital and/or rents of land as the mentioned residual or “surplus.” They were so to speak “intermediate data” and not ultimate...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1972) 4 (2): 325–343.
Published: 01 June 1972
... of thought base themselves on similar observations as to what actually occurred as a result of the advent of marginalism as opposed to why it happened, they have more in common with each other than might at first appear to be the case. In recent years, however, an intermediate position has been...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1989) 21 (2): 253–272.
Published: 01 June 1989
... falls if the rate of surplus value does not rise, or does not rise enough, and vice versa.” (1929, 83-84). Moszkowska refers to the case in which the new technology is intro- duced in only one sector as the problem of the partial composition of capital. This corresponds to Okishio’s...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (1): 1–19.
Published: 01 March 2001
... all the costs of “carrying on trade” ([1863] 1960, 229, 244). These were taken to include profits as well as intermediate inputs. This leaves a product attributable to the two inputs of labor and capital. We 2. Von Thünen used two different symbols for capital per worker, q and k, according...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2011) 43 (4): 699–742.
Published: 01 November 2011
... of the capital process in Prices and Production occurs in lecture 2. There Hayek identifies three generic types of materials. Two are factors of production: the original means of pro- duction and the intermediate products. The third is the final product, the consumption good. What becomes immediately...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1995) 27 (1): 101–106.
Published: 01 March 1995
... of the Principles (Davis 1989): first, that technological unemployment arises for Ricardo not only when machinery is explicitly taken into account in the added chapter’s treatment of fixed capital introduction, but also when one simply considers techniques with different circulating capital/labor ratios...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2019) 51 (S1): 155–179.
Published: 01 December 2019
... . Moscow : Nauka . Feiwel George . 1967 . The Soviet Quest for Economic Efficiency . New York : Praeger . Gerovich Slava . 2008 . “ InterNyet: Why the Soviet Union Did Not Build a Nationwide Computer Network .” History and Technology 24 ( 4 ): 335 – 50 . Gorbachev...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2009) 41 (Suppl_1): 285–303.
Published: 01 December 2009
.... ———. 1994 . Perspectives on Growth Theory. Journal of Economic Perspectives 8.1 : 45 –54. Stiglitz, Joseph E. 2006 . Samuelson and the Factor Bias of Technological Change. In Samuelsonian Economics and the Twenty-first Century , edited by Michael Szenberg et al. Oxford: Oxford University Press...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2011) 43 (3): 591–605.
Published: 01 September 2011
... of the revival had misunderstood the classical economists; the authors, according to Blaug, had claimed that the classical economists treated as givens the real wage, outputs, and technology—a claim that, in Blaug’s estimation, amounted to a grave misunderstanding of the classical econ- omists...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1971) 3 (1): 28–55.
Published: 01 March 1971
... a constant proportion of total revenue only if certain conditions hold true. First, we assume, in this short- run model, thak technology remains unchanged. Second, we assume that the degree of vertical integration of firms remains unchmged, so that ithe measure of the intermediate-firm...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (4): 625–643.
Published: 01 November 1991
... of the banking system’s in- hibiting the adjustment of the observed market rate to the “natural” equi- librium rate. For Wicksell the latter was governed by underlying real factors of technology and preferences (“productivity and thrift From time to time these forces might shift, altering...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (suppl_1): 295–314.
Published: 01 December 2014
....” Correspondence may be addressed to gwilliamthomas@gmail.com. This article was written with the support of a Junior Research Fellowship from Imperial College London. Archival work was conducted at the Institute Archives and Special Collections of the Massachusetts Insti- tute of Technology. I would like...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy 176–179.
Published: 10 November 2021
... universities, economics is the one-and-only major where a top undergraduate education is in no way reasonable preparation for graduate school in the field. The introductory-through-intermediate micro and macro courses along with the standard topics courses are predominantly covered by textbooks, on the basis...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1986) 18 (2): 259–279.
Published: 01 June 1986
...-and B payments, consisting of raw materials bills, bank charges, and similar ‘external costs,’ which are made to other firms. (In modem terms, the B payments represent expenditure on intermediate inputs. ) The problem arises because the rate of flow of purchasing-power to individuals...