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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2008) 40 (5): 143–167.
Published: 01 December 2008
... Victorian Britain . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. “A Hard Battle to Fight”: Natural Theology and the Dismal Science, 1820–50 Harro Maas Il est plus facile d’élever un temple que d’y faire descendre l’objet du culte...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1987) 19 (3): 435–446.
Published: 01 September 1987
.... History of Political Economy 19:3 0 1987 by Duke University Press CCC 00 18-2702/87/$1.50 F. A. Walker’s theory of hard times Roger E. Backhouse I. Introduction Francis Amasa Walker ( 1840-97...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2013) 45 (suppl_1): 114–136.
Published: 01 December 2013
...Susan Howson It is hard to think of a more committed public intellectual in Britain in the twentieth century than Lionel Robbins—except, of course, John Maynard Keynes. For six decades Robbins engaged in public debate on economic policy issues in lectures and talks, contributions to newspapers...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2015) 47 (4): 631–664.
Published: 01 December 2015
... elements such as classical liberalism, physiocracy and mercantilism, protectionism, economic nationalism, Orthodox ethics, common sense, and a contradiction between economic policy objectives and means, among others. For this reason it is usually considered as immature economic thinking that is very hard...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2019) 51 (S1): 7–29.
Published: 01 December 2019
...Martha Lampland Two wage systems designed to improve productivity among Hungarian workers are compared. The first, calorie money, was a short-term solution to keep workers properly nourished and hard at work in a capitalist economy in the midst of inflationary chaos at the end of World War II...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1979) 11 (1): 30–63.
Published: 01 March 1979
..., the positive and the negative heuristics, the sum of which forms the hard core of the SRP: “by the methodological decision of its protagonists,” (Lakatos, 32, p. 133), the hard core is irrefutable, and not a legitimate research subject. The testable parts of the SRP are articulated...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1984) 16 (2): 187–205.
Published: 01 June 1984
.... Dejinitions The constituent parts of the Lakatos methodology are the hard core, the positive heuristic, and the protective belt of auxiliary hypotheses. The hard core is regarded as irrefutable by the supporters of the research pro- gramme. The positive heuristic sets out the way the research...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1994) 26 (3): 351–368.
Published: 01 September 1994
... / Lakatosian Approach 353 tury, occurred largely in the classical era. Until the 1980s, the dominant research program was based on the following hard-core propositions: HC 1: Trade patterns are determined by differences in comparative cost of production ratios across countries. HC2: Where...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1987) 19 (4): 659–666.
Published: 01 November 1987
... is the set of axioms (such as those listed above) and as axioms they are beyond question by common agreement of the “hard core” advocates of the program. The group of advocates for any research program consti- tutes a club and the set of axioms is its constitution. The actual research output...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1980) 12 (4): 610–619.
Published: 01 November 1980
... had distinct characteristics different from those of models for the natural and physical sciences might seem to imply that economics is, somehow, less scientific than these “hard” sciences. The well-known inferiority complex of social scientists in the presence of their more...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (1): 167–184.
Published: 01 March 1993
..., edited by Paul Rabinow. New York: Pantheon. Friedman , Milton . 1953 . The Methodology of Positive Economics. In Essays in Positive Economics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Gramsci , Antonio . 1957 . The Modern Prince and Other Writings. New York: International. Harding...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1972) 4 (2): 442–468.
Published: 01 June 1972
..., it is not always realized how near he was to literally monopolizing khe BlTitish market in economic ideas at this time. Marx’s snide remark tabout Mill’s eminence being due to the flatness of the surrounding landscape has a certain hard truth when one looks at the via dates of the leading or near...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1982) 14 (2): 284–286.
Published: 01 June 1982
... that any scientific research program is based on a “hard core” of fundamental beliefs that includes normative values. A theoretic framework or “protective belt” is developed around the hard core, in which a priori reasoning is used to derive theoretic propositions from assumptions. Al...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1975) 7 (4): 399–433.
Published: 01 November 1975
... of an SRP into rigid parts and flexible parts. “The history of science,” Lakatos observes, “is the history of research programmes rather than of theories,” and scientific research programmes may be characterized by their ‘hard core,’ surrounded by a protective belt of auxiliary hypotheses which...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1987) 19 (3): 508–509.
Published: 01 September 1987
..., it will likely prove hard going. Part I11 ends with a paper by Krishna Bharadwaj arguing for the primacy of production in modern econom- ics. As usual, Bharadwaj is interesting, and while the paper could fit in nicely with the themes, there is no attempt to tie it in, either by the editors...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1996) 28 (Supplement): 301–311.
Published: 01 December 1996
... faculty. Perhaps more notably, full-time professors were hard to find on any Latin American economics faculty. We take credit for making it a key component of the agreement that the Catholic University would create a minimum of four full-time positions for “alumni” of our Chicago-based training...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (4): 687–712.
Published: 01 November 1991
...” ( 1970) at- tempts to provide a model of scientific progress that is more satisfactory on both these counts. His model consists of four elements: a research pro- gram’ is a set of interrelated theories that share a “hard core,” a “protec- tive belt,” and positive and negative heuristics...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (1): 158–164.
Published: 01 March 1991
.... Ix, 775 pp. The three volumes under review are about the life and contributions of Joan Robinson. Of Joan Robinson and the Americans, the author, Marjorie Turner, tells us, candidly and immediately, that Joan Robinson did not think the book could be written because it would be hard...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2005) 37 (4): 689–709.
Published: 01 November 2005
..., in attempting to cope with a system “which clearly worked ambitious undergraduates to the limits of their emotional and in- tellectual tolerance,” such students found ways to manage their working day in order to mitigate the effects of continual hard mental labor. Ac- cording to Warwick, the most popular...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1996) 28 (4): 641–662.
Published: 01 November 1996
..., and there were frequent, apparently extempore, digressions, seemingly prompted at the moment. But the discourses (or observations), were vividly alive and wonderfully instructive. One went away each time with something stimulating to think over. It might indeed puzzle or seem hard, but it was hard grit...