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farmer

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2013) 45 (4): 693–746.
Published: 01 November 2013
... of public concern. While economists then and now adduced monetary causes for the price increases, popular theories blamed the tariff, monopolies, middlemen, profiteers, supply and demand, lazy farmers, incompetent housewives, and more. These explanations supported important political positions, and they had...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy 37–73.
Published: 10 November 2021
.... Revealingly, in describing the microdynamics of market price formation, prominent neoclassical utilitarians such as Marshall, with his description of a “corn-market in a county town,” and Böhm-Bawerk with his farmers’ horse market, reverted to this classical reservation-value framework. Correspondence...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1985) 17 (3): 367–384.
Published: 01 September 1985
... that the Physiocrats regarded the profits of farmers as a systematic element of the surplus of the country, which does not include rent and taxes only. Therefore our first purpose here is to provide a defi- nition of the notion of profit and to examine its role in Physiocratic eco- nomics. What emerges is (i...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (4): 545–571.
Published: 01 November 2014
... 11 . “ Secretary Meredith on the Problem of the Farmers. ” 1920 . Sun , December 11 . Shideler James H. 1957 . Farm Crisis, 1919–1923. Berkeley : University of California Press . Soth Lauren . 1976 . “ Agricultural Economists and Public Policy. ” American Journal...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (3): 419–429.
Published: 01 September 1991
... be no doubt “that Cantillon regarded the farmer as a capitalist entrepreneur, who made a profit from production over and above his subsistence.” They note that the return accruing to farmers was considered a reward for their labor or superin- tendence. They go on to suggest that, in view of the fact...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy 53–80.
Published: 26 August 2021
... interest and immediate value to farmers while also conducting studies of long time problems intended to form the basis of wise policies for future agricultural developments (USDA 1924 35: 1925 report, 1). One of the more important activities of the BAE, at least in terms of the resources devoted...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (3): 550–551.
Published: 01 September 1993
.... The Political Economy of the Family Farm: The Agrarian Roots of American Capitalism. By Sue Headlee. New York: Praeger, 1991. 212 pp. $51.55. The family farm is one of the most durable icons in American economic lore. The yeoman farmer, the backbone of Jeffersonian democracy, remains a powerful...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy 27–52.
Published: 26 August 2021
... . Fitzgerald Deborah . 1993 . “ Farmers Deskilled: Hybrid Corn and Farmers’ Work .” Technology and Culture 34 , no. 4 : 324 – 43 . Gilbert Jess . 2015 . Planning Democracy: Agrarian Intellectuals and the Intended New Deal . New Haven, CT : Yale University Press . Griliches Zvi...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (4): 609–640.
Published: 01 November 2014
... of profits in Cantillon (Aspromourgos 1989, 366, 369n15; in response to Meek [1962] 1993, 266–69), took issue with Prendergast’s more closely argued case. He not only reiterated that Cantillon “excludes farmers’ incomes/profits from the social surplus,” but also expressed strong doubt about the view...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1995) 27 (2): 217–236.
Published: 01 June 1995
... source of all wealth. . . . The farmer multiplies things which are for our use, which have a value, and the abundance of which constitutes what we call wealth. It is he who digs the ground, who opens the spring, who makes it spurt forth; it is to him that we owe abundance...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (3): 551–552.
Published: 01 September 1993
... of feudal agriculture. With Dobb, she argues that the roots of capitalism are to be found in the successful struggle of serfs to become freehold farmers rather than the market forces asso- ciated with increased world trade. Similarly she agrees with Robert Brenner in the more recent critique...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1977) 9 (3): 346–365.
Published: 01 September 1977
... and political power. Jones’s peasant was a tenant; his farmer was a capitalistic tenant after the pattern of the English farmer of his time. Within these constraints Jones identified two types of rents-peasant rents and farmer rents-and divided the Essay into two major parts of which the first...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2006) 38 (Suppl_1): 9–31.
Published: 01 December 2006
... Foundation in Europe, 1924-38. Minerva 24 : 205 -22. Eckstein, Otto. 1958 . Water-Resource Development: The Economics of Project Evaluation . Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. Estabrook, Leon M. 1923 . The Use of Crop Reports by Farmers. Journal of Farm Economics 5 : 28 -35...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1974) 6 (2): 220–242.
Published: 01 June 1974
... it for their interest not to trouble themselves with cultivating the ground, but to exchange with the farmer the produces of their several em- ployments-for the corn & cattle which they have occasion for. The farmer too very soon comes to find it equally for his interest not to interrupt his own...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2012) 44 (suppl_1): 206–225.
Published: 01 December 2012
... are described by Norris, especially the small farmers, sometimes the tenants of the ranchers, and often recent immigrants, who cannot make sense of the circumstances in which they find themselves. One is Hooven, a German veteran of the Franco-Prussian War, who lives with the foggy memory of his heroism...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2018) 50 (3): 425–481.
Published: 01 September 2018
... 2018 sunspots multiple equilibria context units indeterminacy macroeconomic models We are grateful to Costas Azariadis, Jess Benhabib, Roger Farmer, Jean-Michel Grandmond, Karl Shell, and Michael Woodford for their oral testimonies and help, to Robert Lucas for letting us use his...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2011) 43 (suppl_1): 235–257.
Published: 01 December 2011
... as an empirical research tool. During the interwar period agricultural economics was a hotbed of empirical research. The U.S. Department of Agriculture and the state- supported land-grant colleges employed economists with the expectation that they would conduct research into issues of interest to farmers...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1980) 12 (2): 243–266.
Published: 01 June 1980
... [The Agricultural Problem in the United States] rather over- states the case.”9 His view has been confirmed by the evidence; per capita farm income during the twenties rose perhaps twice as fast as per capita nonfarm income. Only by comparison with the 1917-1920 years did the American farmer seem...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1992) 24 (2): 515–532.
Published: 01 June 1992
... not press for Work, as it is plain very many do so; the Land Owners, Farmers, and Manufacturers must court and press them; which need not be done if the Poor had noth- ing to trust to for Life and Death but their Work; then the Conse- quence falls to the Charge of these Laws. (59-61) 522...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2008) 40 (4): 595–611.
Published: 01 November 2008
... and that the agriculture rate was bound to decline as agricultural production increased. This point had been argued in the Ricardo-Malthus correspon- dence since 1813 and was already clearly formulated by March 1814 when Ricardo (Works 4, 3) wrote to Hutches Trower that “it is the profi ts of the farmer which...