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equal pay

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 221–257.
Published: 01 December 2022
... choices and trade-offs between work and family, and occupational segregation dropped out of the narrative. Throughout this period, the gap was frequently misunderstood or misrepresented as reflecting the narrow sort of same-job, different-pay discrimination made illegal by the 1963 Equal Pay Act, adding...
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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2021) 53 (5): 799–832.
Published: 01 October 2021
...Cléo Chassonnery-Zaïgouche; Annie L. Cot This article describes the evolution of Edgeworth’s thought on women’s wages and on the principle of “equal pay for equal work.” We first document Edgeworth’s early works on “exact utilitarianism” as an epistemic basis for his reflections upon women’s wages...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 287–304.
Published: 01 December 2022
... England, Paula, 212, 238, 250 EPA. See Equal Pay Act epis­ tem­ ic diver­sity, struct­ ural resist­ance to, 265 68 epi­stem­ ic exclus­ ion, 265n10 epis­ te­mic just­ ice, 5 Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), 239 on gen­der-based dis­crimi­ ­na­tion, 240 41 on Title VII, 242 Equal Employment...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1997) 29 (4): 573–592.
Published: 01 November 1997
... to attacking Keynes- ians. When he returned to Cambridge in 1944,rather than teach during his first year: he spent the time attending meetings of the Royal Commission on Equal Pay and catching up on developments in economics since he had gone into government service. And because he revised...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 193–220.
Published: 01 December 2022
... , nos. 1–2 : 1 – 6 . Dewey , Donald . 1952 . “ Negro Employment in Southern Industry .” Journal of Political Economy 60 : 279 – 94 . Edgeworth , Francis Y. 1922 . “ Equal Pay to Men and Women for Equal Work .” Economic Journal 32 , no. 128 : 431 – 57 . England...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2021) 53 (2): 347–355.
Published: 01 April 2021
...-Zaïgouche, is about three public intellectuals contributions to the debate over the gender pay gap. At the end of the First World War, Beatrice Potter Webb (we meet her again), Millicent Garrett Fawcett (1847 1929), and Eleanor Rathbone (1872 1946) supported equal pay, an idea that they had ini- tially...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2022) 54 (S1): 259–282.
Published: 01 December 2022
... of Economics Seminars .” Working paper 28494, National Bureau of Economic Research. https://doi.org/10.3386/w28494 . Edgeworth , F. Y. 1922 . “ Equal Pay to Men and Women for Equal Work .” Economic Journal 32 , no. 128 : 431 . https://doi.org/10.2307/2223426 . England , Paula . 1992...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1986) 18 (4): 567–577.
Published: 01 November 1986
... first batch of customers, a second batch, equally numerous and neither more nor less eager, should enter his shop, and offer to pay the same but not a higher price. The demand for gloves, which at first has been just equal to the supply, would now be exactly doubled, yet...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1983) 15 (4): 519–528.
Published: 01 November 1983
... the alternative bases reflects the price differential just mentioned. The amount the false witnesses have to pay the husband will be equal either to the price the husband is willing to offer for buying his wife’s kethubah (‘husband’s basis’) or to the lower price others are prepared to pay...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1976) 8 (2): 278–296.
Published: 01 June 1976
.... Ibid., pp. 16-17. Hall - W. B. Green’s “mutual banking” 289 ises the creditor that he will pay, &c. . . . The essence of the Bill of Exchange is constituted, lst, by its being drawn from one place or another. 2d, by its representing's real value equal to the sum...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1983) 15 (3): 423–449.
Published: 01 September 1983
... proprietors and ten- ants paying fixed rents have inherently strong individual incentives to raise productivity. In Figure 4, suppose that a peasant proprietor and a ‘twin’ tenant paying a fixed rent have identical production functions and raise productivity by an equal amount (for example...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1986) 18 (3): 405–417.
Published: 01 September 1986
... of 1889 was planned to be self-supporting on an actuarially sound basis; i.e., suf- ficient funds were to be collected from contributions during any period to equal the discounted value of the benefit obligations incurred in that period to be paid in future periods.’ Similarly, the U.S. old...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (3): 585–606.
Published: 01 September 2000
... of pay that result from such transactions tend, it is here claimed, to equal the product of industry which is traceable to the labor itself. ([1899] 1965, v) Two qualifications surrounding this result of wages’ equaling the marginal product of labor need to be stressed: fairness...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1990) 22 (1): 125–136.
Published: 01 March 1990
... Economy 22:I (1990) I. The absorption approach to the balance of trade In a chapter in which he advises the statesman, Steuart urges him to pay attention to the proportion between foreign and domestic circulation of his country: “For this purpose he must know exactly the proportion...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1991) 23 (1): 87–92.
Published: 01 March 1991
... of the present and contingent liabilities at any time equals the actuarial value of present and contingent assets implied by the system. Con- tingent assets, of course, include future mandatory contributory pay- ments. In this sense even a pure pay-as-you-go system might be de- 90 History of Political...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1992) 24 (3): 729–744.
Published: 01 September 1992
... paying 20,000 ducats and 0 ducats with equal chances. In that case, he might be well advised to sell this ticket, for, say, 9,000 ducats-less than its expected value. On the other hand, a rich man might well be willing to buy the ticket for 9,000 ducats. In sum, not only are individuals gen...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1993) 25 (3): 531–536.
Published: 01 September 1993
..., equal to 50 percent of the combined employer-employee rate), it is quite proper to allow for this in measuring the financial status. The several funding bases of pension plans and social insurance pro- grams are as follows. 1. Pay as you go. This involves a close match, year by year...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1996) 28 (4): 559–581.
Published: 01 November 1996
... direct taxes on personal and entrepreneurial effort and savings. Hence, Mill regarded them as a necessary evil, that is, neces- sary to pay for government expenditures. But equity (in a Benthamite conception) demanded that “equality of taxation . . . as a maxim of politics, means equality...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1984) 16 (4): 529–554.
Published: 01 November 1984
..., and Pk etc. as their prices, with the price of each capital good equal in equilibrium to its cost of production as well as to the present value of the net income that the capital good will produce; and he concluded by writing (ibid. 284): Walras also provided eight sets of equations on capital...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (3): 519–538.
Published: 01 June 2020
..., income tax for the rst time became a tax paid by the bulk of the working class. Pay as You Earn (PAYE), which had been invented in wartime to allow the taxation of lower incomes, was a great engine of tax gathering and allowed income tax to reach its peak of signi cance in the overall tax Tomlinson...