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design engineering

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Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 294–304.
Published: 01 December 2020
...Mary S. Morgan Twentieth-century economics has been characterized as developing an engineering mentality, but this history suggests the importance of distinguishing between a design approach and a problem-solving approach. The former is to be found in economists tasked with reconstructing broken...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 115–142.
Published: 01 December 2020
... communications engineering. Norbert Weiner took the wedding description a step further by nesting communication engineering into a statistical mechanics framework in which the information engineer had to filter the useful signal from the useless noise. A main goal in designing weapon-fire control systems...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 168–190.
Published: 01 December 2020
...William Thomas American mathematicians’ contributions to the engineering and production of equipment in World War II included the exploration of ways to improve choices between competing designs and maximize the value of experimental testing of prototypes. After the war, these contributions were...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 85–111.
Published: 01 December 2020
... theory, an epistemology of “application” that emphasized awareness to institutional details, trials and errors and experiments). By the 2000s, they had turned into economic engineers designing markets and other allocation mechanisms. These cross-disciplinary exchanges were mediated by Stanford’s own...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 245–269.
Published: 01 December 2020
... and engineering nexus. Costs calculations were developed to design a nationwide integrated machine. Hydropower in the south was to be interconnected with thermal power in the north, in order to support a massive increase in consumption in the Paris basin, saving on coal and on the scarce funding of the Marshall...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 191–217.
Published: 01 December 2020
.... As a pretrained electrical engineer and physicist, Orcutt viewed the socioeconomic system as an electrical-mechanical network. Microsimulation was an engine designed for not only scrutinizing the system but reengineering the society. Guy H. Orcutt s Engineering Microsimulation to Reengineer Society Chung-Tang...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 270–293.
Published: 01 December 2020
... in economics, although this type of eco- nomic engineering could have been the way to fully integrate his and some of his colleagues engineering background, on the one hand, and their theoretical aspirations, on the other. To engage with experimental markets and to apply the insights of mechanism design...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 221–244.
Published: 01 December 2020
... of engineering and economics. The designed market is a hybrid of the engi- neer s control system, its explicit algorithm for processing signals and determining an optimal response, and the economist s multitude of dis- tributed utility maximizers. The speci c division of labor between control and spontaneous...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2014) 46 (suppl_1): 229–251.
Published: 01 December 2014
... called in retrospect— an “engineer in the design sense.”5 Godfrey Blunden never finished his novel. Had he done so, he might have told the story of the postwar development of a specific way of doing economics, one that combined simple mathematical models with econo- metrics, but was less complex...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2019) 51 (S1): 180–203.
Published: 01 December 2019
... the institute as Aizerman s doctoral student in 1960 and worked in Laboratory 25 until his premature death seventeen years later. After grad- uating from the Moscow Power Engineering Institute, Braverman was accepted to the design engineering bureau engaged in the automation of Soviet nonferrous metallurgy...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 10–27.
Published: 01 December 2020
... to the rise of the new sub eld of market design, which he had helped develop, as characteristic of an engineer s stance and provided several examples of engineering practices applied to economics: the design of labor clearinghouses such as the entry-level labor market for American physicians...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 1–9.
Published: 01 December 2020
... or to decide the proportions of a bridge structure. The Nature of Engineering At the core there are four stages to engineering tasks: design, make, oper- ate, and maintain. Through fragmentation between the different branches Economics and Engineering 3 of engineering, these stages are handled differently...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 31–58.
Published: 01 December 2020
..., and the differing weight to give each, were the very matters that engineering fac- ulty and professionals debated and negotiated during the 1930s. During the Depression era, many colleges instituted speci‚c courses and modules designed to help budding engineers understand accounting, contracts, managerial speci...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2020) 52 (S1): 59–84.
Published: 01 December 2020
..., that task was handed by default to the engineers responsible for designing local Bell Tele- phone systems, who not surprisingly found it natural to construct mathe- matical models to predict market behavior. Second, AT&T s quasi-monop- oly status from the 1910s to 1970s created pressure for rationalization...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1997) 29 (suppl_1): 41–62.
Published: 01 January 1997
... complicated environments and to model agents as choosing a sequence of actions through time. This analysis can be linked to general optimal control techniques used in engineering for designing mechanical, electrical, electromechanical, electronic, and other devices and to L. S. Pontryagin’s (1962...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2000) 32 (Suppl_1): 25–70.
Published: 01 December 2000
.... government, which dur- ing World War II hired economists and statisticians, including Harold Hotelling, Abraham Wald, Allen Wallis, and Milton Friedman, among others, to design procedures that would improve the quality of ordnance and lower inspection costs. With a client orientation you get “engineer...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1999) 31 (2): 255–272.
Published: 01 June 1999
.... Leavitt , E. 1881 . Discussion. Transactions of the ASME 2 : 204 -206. Meiksins , Peter . 1988 . The “Revolt of the Engineers” Reconsidered. Technology and Culture 29 . 2 ( April ): 219 -46. Noble , David F. . 1979 . American by Design . New York: Oxford University Press...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (1975) 7 (4): 456–481.
Published: 01 November 1975
..., advanced development or basic invention, accounts, typically, for less than 10% of the total innovative effort. The other components, which we do not usually associate with the innovative process, account for something like 90% of the total effort and cost. Engineering and designing...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2016) 48 (2): 191–223.
Published: 01 June 2016
... with a cost-effec- tive empirical tool for (pre)testing theoretical, synthetic institutions before their actual implementation in the field. They were optimistic that a niche could be carved out for their laboratory experimentation within the ter- ritory of mechanism design or institutional engineering...
Journal Article
History of Political Economy (2001) 33 (1): 179–182.
Published: 01 March 2001
.... Zylberberg, André. 1990 . L'Économie mathématique en France 1870-1914 . Paris: Economica. Book Reviews 179 Secret Origins of Modern Microeconomics:Dupuit and the Engineers. By Robert B. Ekelund Jr. and Robert F. Hébert. Chicago: University...