The year 2023 marks the three hundredth anniversary of the birth of Adam Smith. No author is more significant in the development of economics. And no author has received as much scholarly attention in the pages of History of Political Economy. To commemorate Smith's birthday, we have produced a bibliography of the more than one hundred articles on Smith that have been published in HOPE. Early and late, Smith has been well represented in the journal and no doubt will continue to be as the next generation of Smith scholars, like those before them, continue to find rich and enduring questions to explore in his work.


R. D. Freeman, “Adam Smith, Education, and Laissez-Faire,” v. 1, no. 1, pp. 173–86


Kenneth E. Boulding, “After Samuelson, Who Needs Adam Smith?,” v. 3, no. 2, pp. 225–37

Samuel Hollander, “Some Implications of Adam Smith's Analysis of Investment Priorities,” v. 3, no. 2, pp. 238–64

George J. Stigler, “Smith's Travels on the Ship of State,” v. 3, no. 2, pp. 265–77


Ralph Anspach, “The Implications of the Theory of Moral Sentiments for Adam Smith's Economic Thought,” v. 4, no. 1, pp. 176–206


Charles E. Staley, “A Note on Adam Smith's Version of the Vent for Surplus Model,” v. 5, no. 2, pp. 438–48


Vernard Foley, “The Division of Labor in Plato and Smith,” v. 6, no. 2, pp. 220–42


A. W. Coats, “Adam Smith's Conception of Self-Interest in Economic and Political Affairs,” v. 7, no. 1, pp. 132–36


Ronald L. Meek, “New Light on Adam Smith's Glasgow Lectures on Jurisprudence,” v. 8, no. 4, pp. 439–77

Henry W. Spiegel, “Adam Smith's Heavenly City,” v. 8, no. 4, pp. 478–93

Ralph Anspach, “Smith's Growth Paradigm,” v. 8, no. 4, pp. 494–514

E. G. West, “Adam Smith's Economics of Politics,” v. 8, no. 4, pp. 515–39

Laurence S. Moss, “The Economics of Adam Smith: Professor Hollander's Reappraisal,” v. 8, no. 4, pp. 564–74


William D. Grampp, “Adam Smith and the American Revolutionists,” v. 11, no. 2, pp. 179–91

Kirk Willis, “The Role in Parliament of the Economic Ideas of Adam Smith, 1776–1800,” v. 11, no. 4, pp. 505–44


J. M. A. Gee, “The Origin of Rent in Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations: An Anti-neoclassical View,” v. 13, no. 1, pp. 1–18


Philip E. Mirowski, “Adam Smith, Empiricism, and the Rate of Profit in Eighteenth-Century England,” v. 14, no. 2, pp. 178–98

Robert L. Heilbroner, “The Socialization of the Individual in Adam Smith,” v. 14, no. 3, pp. 427–39


Michael Perelman, “Classical Political Economy and Primitive Accumulation: The Case of Smith and Steuart,” v. 15, no. 3, pp. 451–94


James P. Henderson, “Agency or Alienation? Smith, Mill, and Marx on the Joint-Stock Company,” v. 18, no. 1, pp. 111–31

Jeffrey T. Young, “The Impartial Spectator and Natural Jurisprudence: An Interpretation of Adam Smith's Theory of the Natural Price,” v. 18, no. 3, pp. 365–82


Gavin C. Reid, “Disequilibrium and Increasing Returns in Adam Smith's Analysis of Growth and Accumulation,” v. 19, no. 1, pp. 87–106

Frank Petrella, “Daniel Raymond, Adam Smith, and Classical Growth Theory: An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of America,” v. 19, no. 2, pp. 239–59

David Levy, “Adam Smith's Case for Usury Laws,” v. 19, no. 3, pp. 387–400

Jerry Evensky, “The Two Voices of Adam Smith: Moral Philosopher and Social Critic,” v. 19, no. 3, pp. 447–68


Morris Perlman, “Adam Smith and the Paternity of the Real Bills Doctrine,” v. 21, no. 1, pp. 77–90

Jerry Evensky, “The Evolution of Adam Smith's Views on Political Economy,” v. 21, no. 1, pp. 123–45

Michael Perelman, “Adam Smith and Dependent Social Relations,” v. 21, no. 3, pp. 503–20

Gary M. Anderson, “The Butcher, the Baker, and the Policy-Maker: Adam Smith on Public Choice,” v. 21, no. 4, pp. 641–59

George J. Stigler, “The Butcher, the Baker, and the Policy-Maker: Adam Smith on Public Choice; Reply,” v. 21, no. 4, pp. 659–60

Giuseppe Tullio, “Smith and Ricardo on the Long-Run Effects of the Growth of Government Expenditure, Taxation, and Debt: Is Their Theory Relevant Today?,” v. 21, no. 4, pp. 723–36


Nathan Rosenberg, “Adam Smith and the Stock of Moral Capital,” v. 22, no. 1, pp. 1–17

Syed Ahmad, “Adam Smith's Four Invisible Hands,” v. 22, no. 1, pp. 137–44

Rhead S. Bowman, “Smith, Mill, and Marshall on Human Capital Formation,” v. 22, no. 2, pp. 239–59

J. Ronnie Davis, “Adam Smith on the Providential Reconciliation of Individual and Social Interests: Is Man Led by an Invisible Hand or Misled by a Sleight of Hand?,” v. 22, no. 2, pp. 341–52

José Luís Cardoso, “Economic Thought in Late Eighteenth-Century Portugal: Physiocratic and Smithian Influences,” v. 22, no. 3, pp. 429–41

Jeffrey T. Young, “David Hume and Adam Smith on Value Premises in Economics,” v. 22, no. 4, pp. 643–57


Anthony Brewer, “Economic Growth and Technical Change: John Rae's Critique of Adam Smith,” v. 23, no. 1, pp. 1–11

Robert E. Prasch, “The Ethics of Growth in Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations,” v. 23, no. 2, pp. 337–51

Craufurd D. Goodwin, “National Security in Classical Political Economy,” v. 23, supplement, pp. 23–35


Jerry Evensky, “Ethics and the Classical Liberal Tradition in Economics,” v. 24, no. 1, pp. 61–77

Salim Rashid, “Adam Smith and the Market Mechanism,” v. 24, no. 1, pp. 129–52

James A. Gherity, “Adam Smith and the Glasgow Merchants,” v. 24, no. 2, pp. 357–68

Salim Rashid, “Charles James Fox and The Wealth of Nations,” v. 24, no. 2, pp. 493–97

Charles G. Leathers and J. Patrick Raines, “Adam Smith on Competitive Religious Markets,” v. 24, no. 2, pp. 499–513


James A. Gherity, “An Early Publication by Adam Smith,” v. 25, no. 2, pp. 241–82

Jerry Evensky, “Adam Smith on the Human Foundation of a Successful Liberal Society,” v. 25, no. 3, pp. 395–412

Chris Nyland, “Adam Smith, Stage Theory, and the Status of Women,” v. 25, no. 4, pp. 617–40


Edwin G. West, “Joint Supply Theory before Mill,” v. 26, no. 2, pp. 267–78

James A. Gherity, “The Evolution of Adam Smith's Theory of Banking,” v. 26, no. 3, pp. 423–41

Bruce Elmslie, “The Endogenous Nature of Technological Progress and Transfer in Adam Smith's Thought,” v. 26, no. 4, pp. 649–63


Spencer J. Pack, “Theological (and Hence Economic) Implications of Adam Smith's ‘Principles Which Lead and Direct Philosophical Enquiries,’” v. 27, no. 2, pp. 289–307

Hyun-Ho Song, “Adam Smith as an Early Pioneer of Institutional Individualism,” v. 27, no. 3, pp. 425–48

Donald J. Oswald, “Metaphysical Beliefs and the Foundations of Smithian Political Economy,” v. 27, no. 3, pp. 449–76

Jeffrey T. Young, “Natural Jurisprudence and the Theory of Value in Adam Smith,” v. 27, no. 4, pp. 755–73


Jeffrey T. Young, “Distributive Justice as a Normative Criterion in Adam Smith's Political Economy,” v. 28, no. 1, pp. 1–25

Edwin G. West, “Adam Smith on the Cultural Effects of Specialization: Splenetics versus Economics,” v. 28, no. 1, pp. 83–105

Syed Ahmad, “Smith's Division of Labor and Rae's Invention: A Study of the Second Dichotomy, with an Evaluation of the First,” v. 28, no. 3, pp. 441–58

Bruce T. Elmslie, “The Role of Joint Products in Adam Smith's Explanation of the ‘Vent-for-Surplus’ Doctrine,” v. 28, no. 3, pp. 513–23


Jürg Niehans, “Adam Smith and the Welfare Cost of Optimism,” v. 29, no. 2, pp. 185–200


Jerry Evensky, “Adam Smith's Moral Philosophy: The Role of Religion and Its Relationship to Philosophy and Ethics in the Evolution of Society,” v. 30, no. 1, pp. 17–42

Amos Witztum, “A Study into Smith's Conception of the Human Character: Das Adam Smith Problem Revisited,” v. 30, no. 3, pp. 489–513

Hamid Hosseini, “Seeking the Roots of Adam Smith's Division of Labor in Medieval Persia,” v. 30, no. 4, pp. 653–81


Anthony Brewer, “Adam Ferguson, Adam Smith, and the Concept of Economic Growth,” v. 31, no. 2, pp. 237–54

Andreas Ortmann, “The Nature and Causes of Corporate Negligence, Sham Lectures, and Ecclesiastical Indolence: Adam Smith on Joint-Stock Companies, Teachers, and Preachers,” v. 31, no. 2, pp. 297–315

Charles G. Leathers and J. Patrick Raines, “Adam Smith and Thomas Chalmers on Financing Religious Instruction,” v. 31, no. 2, pp. 337–59

Enzo Pesciarelli, “Aspects of the Influence of Francis Hutcheson on Adam Smith,” v. 31, no. 3, pp. 525–45


Glenn Hueckel, “On the ‘Insurmountable Difficulties, Obscurity, and Embarrassment’ of Smith's Fifth Chapter,” v. 32, no. 2, pp. 317–45

Mike G. Marshall, “Luxury, Economic Development, and Work Motivation: David Hume, Adam Smith, and J. R. McCulloch,” v. 32, no. 3, pp. 631–48


Jonathan B. Wight, “The Rise of Adam Smith: Articles and Citations, 1970–1997,” v. 34, no. 1, pp. 55–82

Michael V. White, “Doctoring Adam Smith: The Fable of the Diamonds and Water Paradox,” v. 34, no. 4, pp. 659–83


Maria Pia Paganelli, “In Medio Stat Virtus: An Alternative View of Usury in Adam Smith's Thinking,” v. 35, no. 1, pp. 21–48

Ignacio Palacios-Huerta, “Time-Inconsistent Preferences in Adam Smith and David Hume,” v. 35, no. 2, pp. 241–68

Gordon F. Davis, “Philosophical Psychology and Economic Psychology in David Hume and Adam Smith,” v. 35, no. 2, pp. 269–304

Margaret Schabas, “Adam Smith's Debts to Nature,” v. 35, supplement, pp. 262–81


Jerry Evensky, “‘Chicago Smith’ versus ‘Kirkaldy Smith,’” v. 37, no. 2, pp. 197–203

Warren J. Samuels and Steven G. Medema, “Freeing Smith from the ‘Free Market’: On the Misperception of Adam Smith on the Economic Role of Government,” v. 37, no. 2, pp. 219–26

Neil De Marchi and Jonathan A. Greene, “Adam Smith and Private Provision of the Arts,” v. 37, no. 3, pp. 431–54

Robert B. Ekelund, Robert F. Hébert, and Robert D. Tollison, “Adam Smith on Religion and Market Structure,” v. 37, no. 4, pp. 647–60

Jeffrey T. Young, “Unintended Order and Intervention: Adam Smith's Theory of the Role of the State,” v. 37, supplement, pp. 91–119


Edd S. Noell, “Smith and a Living Wage: Competition, Economic Compulsion, and the Scholastic Legacy,” v. 38, no. 1, pp. 151–74

Pierre Force, “First Principles in Translation: The Axiom of Self-Interest from Adam Smith to Jean-Baptiste Say,” v. 38, no. 2, pp. 319–38

Amos Witztum and Jeffrey T. Young, “The Neglected Agent: Justice, Power, and Distribution in Adam Smith,” v. 38, no. 3, pp. 437–71


Deirdre McCloskey, “Adam Smith, the Last of the Former Virtue Ethicists,” v. 40, no. 1, pp. 43–71

Charles G. Leathers and J. Patrick Raines, “Adam Smith on Religion and Market Structure: The Search for Consistency,” v. 40, no. 2, pp. 345–63

Maria Pia Paganelli, “The Adam Smith Problem in Reverse: Self-Interest in The Wealth of Nations and The Theory of Moral Sentiments,” v. 40, no. 2, pp. 365–82

Stewart Davenport, “Das Adam Smith Problem and Faculty Psychology in the Antebellum North,” v. 40, supplement, pp. 243–64


Terry Peach, “Adam Smith and the Labor Theory of (Real) Value: A Reconsideration,” v. 41, no. 2, pp. 383–406

Anthony Brewer, “On the Other (Invisible) Hand . . . ,” v. 41, no. 3, pp. 519–43


Amos Witztum, “Interdependence, the Invisible Hand, and Equilibrium in Adam Smith,” v. 42, no. 1, pp. 155–92

Terry Peach, “Measuring ‘the Happiness of Nations’: The Conundrum of Adam Smith's ‘Real Measure of Exchangeable Value,’” v. 42, no. 3, pp. 403–24

Maria Pia Paganelli, “The Moralizing Role of Distance in Adam Smith: The Theory of Moral Sentiments as Possible Praise of Commerce,” v. 42, no. 3, pp. 425–41


Amartya Sen, “Uses and Abuses of Adam Smith,” v. 43, no. 2, pp. 257–71


Christopher J. Berry, “Adam Smith's ‘Science of Human Nature,’” v. 44, no. 3, pp. 471–92

Ferdinando Meacci, “On Adam Smith's Ambiguities on Value and Wealth,” v. 44, no. 4, pp. 663–89


Simon J. Cook, “From Ancients and Moderns to Geography and Anthropology: The Meaning of History in the Thought of Adam Smith, Karl Marx, and Alfred Marshall,” v. 45, no. 2, pp. 311–43

Craig Smith, “Adam Smith's ‘Collateral’ Inquiry: Fashion and Morality in The Theory of Moral Sentiments and The Wealth of Nations,” v. 45, no. 3, pp. 505–22


Terry Peach, “Adam Smith's ‘Optimistic Deism,’ the Invisible Hand of Providence, and the Unhappiness of Nations,” v. 46, no. 1, pp. 55–83


Maria Pia Paganelli, “Recent Engagements with Adam Smith and the Scottish Enlightenment,” v. 47, no. 3, pp. 363–94

Reinhard Schumacher, “Adam Smith's ‘Two Distinct Benefits’ from Trade: The Dead End of ‘Vent-for-Surplus’ Interpretations,” v. 47, no. 4, pp. 577–603

Bradley W. Bateman, “Analyzing Market Failure: Adam Smith and John Maynard Keynes,” v. 47, supplement, pp. 127–44


José M. Menudo and Nicolas Rieucau, “A Previously Unpublished Correspondence between Adam Smith and Joseph Nicolas de Windischgratz,” v. 49, no. 1, pp. 93–112

Maria Pia Paganelli, “We Are Not the Center of the Universe: The Role of Astronomy in the Moral Defense of Commerce in Adam Smith,” v. 49, no. 3, pp. 451–68

Laurie Bréban and Jean Dellemotte, “From One Sympathy to Another: Sophie de Grouchy's Translation of and Commentary on Adam Smith's Theory of Moral Sentiments,” v. 49, no. 4, pp. 667–707


Geoffrey C. Kellow, “Benjamin Franklin and Adam Smith: Two Strangers and the Spirit of Capitalism,” v. 50, no. 2, pp. 321–44


Roy H. Grieve, “On Terry Peach's Unconvincing ‘Reconsideration’ of Adam Smith's Theory of Value,” v. 51, no. 4, pp. 753–77


Terry Peach, “Adam Smith's Labor Theory of (Real) Value: The Case of a Misfiring Critique,” v. 52, no. 1, pp. 171–90


Maria Pia Paganelli, “Vanity and Luck in Adam Smith’s Economic Growth,” v. 54, no. 5, pp. 859–77

Jocelyn Hickey, “Reading Practices in Political Economy: The Case of Adam Smith,” v. 54, no. 5, pp. 911–19

Craig Smith, “Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson, and the Reconceptualization of Philosophy in Eighteenth-Century Scotland,” v. 54, no. 5, pp. 921–34

Jocelyn Hickey, “Reading the Invisible Hand: An Epistemological Consideration,” v. 54, no. 5, pp. 935–50

Keith Tribe, “Framing The Wealth of Nations,” v. 54, no. 5, pp. 951–73

Matthew Watson, “The Place of Glasgow in The Wealth of Nations: Caught between Biography and Text, Philosophical and Commercial History,” v. 54, no. 5, pp. 975–90