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in The Structure of the Hacendado Class in Late Eighteenth-Century Alto Perú: The Intendencia de La Paz > Hispanic American Historical Review
Published: 01 May 1980
FIGURE 1 Lorenz Curve of Distribution of Yanaconas Among La Paz Hacendados and Slaves Among Southern U.S. Planters. More
Hispanic American Historical Review (1987) 67 (3): 405–430.
Published: 01 August 1987
..., but who were still in a position to maintain considerable contact with the Andean institutions. In addition, the city is of interest because in it we can compare two sectors of the immigrant population which are often mentioned by historians; the yanaconas and the forasteros. Since I will later...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1980) 60 (2): 191–212.
Published: 01 May 1980
...FIGURE 1 Lorenz Curve of Distribution of Yanaconas Among La Paz Hacendados and Slaves Among Southern U.S. Planters. ...
Hispanic American Historical Review (2009) 89 (1): 161–162.
Published: 01 February 2009
...-established earlier pattern.) The surviving Indians became yanaconas (workers or servants personally attached to Spaniards) on chácaras , the local farms and estates. The number of yanaconas working at any moment is unclear. But two of the many extant tribute assessments ( padrones ) of Mizque chácaras...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1977) 57 (4): 771–772.
Published: 01 November 1977
... and its modification during the colonial and early independence period. He shows how the colonial reforms, allegedly introduced to liberate the yanaconas , in fact served to bind them more closely to the land. Matos then proceeds to discuss the major forms of peonage and tenancy that developed...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1971) 51 (4): 626–645.
Published: 01 November 1971
... difficult to implement. Most yanacona contracts had been verbal, and rather than submit to the new regulations, many hacendados simply evicted their yanaconas . Others, who had utilized written contracts previously, substituted verbal ones to avoid the massive paper work required by the law. The section...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1980) 60 (1): 118–119.
Published: 01 February 1980
.... Indians continued to be forced into carrying loads, serving in houses, or to be abducted and turned into yanaconas . Failing to volunteer, they had to be drafted for farms, mines, and tambos under the alquiler (mita). Gradually, however, the system became regulated, just as tributes became fixed...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1998) 78 (2): 341–342.
Published: 01 May 1998
... migratory patterns, Oruro’s mining economy and labor force, indigenous women coping with Spanish colonialism, and the frontier agricultural province of Pilaya y Paspaya. The thread that holds these essays together is the author’s tight focus on yanacona and forastero migration and the roles these groups...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1981) 61 (3): 461–491.
Published: 01 August 1981
.... To construct a church, they assessed themselves a labor draft of 510 Indian workers. Later, they assumed responsibility for supplying Indians to carry water to urban Huamanga’s households. In general, encomenderos and masters of yanaconas tended to treat their wards as personal property. For the native...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1991) 71 (4): 890.
Published: 01 November 1991
... class distinctions). Splendid discussions of ayllu, yanaconas, and the reducción program are more specific attractions of the book. “Cuzco” here means the diocese of Cuzco, embracing much of southern highland Peru. The period covered runs from the viceregency of don Francisco de Toledo...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1980) 60 (4): 702–703.
Published: 01 November 1980
... the documentation to an appendix on the Quito district, while that on Tucumán and Río de la Plata is based entirely on the Mata Linares Collection. Zavala digests documents without sifting their purpose or provenance but with a sharp eye to statistics, definitions (Yanaconas), and descriptions of working...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1986) 66 (3): 633–642.
Published: 01 August 1986
... and whether this signified the beginnings of a proletariat in the seventeenth-century silver mining town of Oruro (Alto Perú). Oruro mineowners did not receive workers from the mita; instead, two basic types of Indian workers emerged, the yanaconas and the forasteros . In addition to their wage, most...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1981) 61 (2): 316–317.
Published: 01 May 1981
... history of colonial tribute administration. The author reviews the methods by which the Crown absorbed increasing shares of Indian tribute. He traces the rise of new fiscal problems, proposals, and categories ( rezagos, tercios, tribute de yanaconas) and so forth, and describes the shifting and sometimes...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1987) 67 (4): 575–610.
Published: 01 November 1987
... of lords other than their own. In addition to land, Indians were offered other rewards for moving. Cuenca stated suelen recoger y traer de otras partes yndios que llaman yanaconas y a estos tales dan tierras y los demas aprovechamientos del repartimiento y los escusan y reserban de pagar tributo...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1979) 59 (2): 315–317.
Published: 01 May 1979
... to demonstration and subtle analysis of the internal restructuring of the indigenous Andean world in colonial times. Nor is the author equipped to deal with the topic of acculturation, since he knows little of the hispanic sector, of the role of the yanaconas or Spanish-employed Indians as intermediaries between...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1985) 65 (1): 149–150.
Published: 01 February 1985
... Valley of the Incas,” roughly midway between Cuzco and Machu Picchu, Ollantaytambo included by the sixteenth century a large mix of Inca nobles, relatives, allies, and yanaconas , in addition to the valley’s ancestral inhabitants. Its ecology and commercial possibilities encouraged colonization...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1964) 44 (3): 414–415.
Published: 01 August 1964
..., including Indian-Spaniard relations, have been made from the records of the trials and investigations that followed each of the several Indian uprisings in the area. In the first of these, in 1542, the victims surprisingly included yanacona Indians from as far away as Nicaragua and Peru. The number...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1985) 65 (3): 568–570.
Published: 01 August 1985
...-or-less coerced. In the beginning this duality was represented by the large number of yanaconas, described by Bakewell as “freelance,” who worked for profit, responded to incentive, and were free to come and go, together with Indians held in encomienda. These were of course compelled to work; but given...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1999) 79 (1): 140–141.
Published: 01 February 1999
... steps to ventilate the mines to make them workable. When the crown ordered better treatment of indigenous workers, Montesclaros tried to solve the ensuing labor shortages at Potosí by forcibly relocating yanaconas (Andean workers who had lost their ethnic affiliation) there. When that scheme proved...
Hispanic American Historical Review (1983) 63 (4): 767–768.
Published: 01 November 1983
... the state played a decisive role in forcing Indians into the rural labor market through its taxing system, it made no effort to coerce them onto the estates of the Spaniards. He concludes that the yanaconas , or resident laborers, on those estates could leave them of their own free will; this freedom, he...