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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2014) 94 (3): 503–504.
Published: 01 August 2014
...Alcira Dueñas Overall, Vertical Empire contributes a valuable chapter to the history of Spanish imperial formation, in a period in which the Spanish attempted to make an orderly and productive colony out of scattered Andean ayllus already permeated by overlays of Inca custom. As in all...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1983) 63 (3): 629–630.
Published: 01 August 1983
... represents a distinctive highland enclave with widespread cultural influences at an earlier period. Although most authors think that patterns of vertical control are ancient, this issue is never satisfactorily dealt with. Most of the papers talk about locally (or, at best, regionally) self-sufficient...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2006) 86 (3): 613–614.
Published: 01 August 2006
.... With United Fruit leading the way, the banana industry came to be dominated by vertically integrated corporations during the first half of the twentieth century. In order to deliver large quantities of bananas to foreign markets, United Fruit coordinated the production process from beginning to end through...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1976) 56 (3): 472–473.
Published: 01 August 1976
... methodologically dazzling in all this; only informed and sensitive reading, subtle interpretation, brilliant inference. What emerges from Murra’s work is a series of hypotheses about the political and economic organization of the Andean world. Perhaps the most striking has been his model of “verticality...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1988) 68 (4): 820–821.
Published: 01 November 1988
...John V. Murra Two of the essays deal with the presence and significance in late Andean history of “ecological complementarity,” sometimes also known as “verticality.” This postulates that Andean societies, particularly those located on the high puna, controlled enclaves on many separate...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2002) 82 (4): 814–815.
Published: 01 November 2002
..., during Guatemala’s internal conflict, they evolved from vertically oriented, hierarchical and personalistic organizations into horizontally oriented, democratic movements and true reflections of Guatemala’s popular will. By focusing on the relationship between a repressive state and popular organizations...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2007) 87 (2): 408–409.
Published: 01 May 2007
... another generation focused on what Telles calls vertical social relations. Telles defines the “horizontal” scholars as the first generation that focused on how Brazilians of different colors but similar class status intermingled with one another. Defining their analysis in these terms, scholars found...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2015) 95 (2): 381–382.
Published: 01 May 2015
..., equal and thus agree to exchanges that are mutually beneficial. He resuscitates Sidney Mintz and Eric Wolf's notion that horizontal and vertical exchanges are complementary, and he presents poor rural Piauienses as rational actors who seek to improve their economic situation by engaging in exchanges...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2022) 102 (2): 368–370.
Published: 01 May 2022
... because it includes evolving and overlapping structures of vertical and horizontal communication and negotiation between its elements—among them, the unified Cuban Communist Party (after 1965), “People's Power” legislative structures (after 1976), government ministries, and the semicorporatist so-called...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2008) 88 (3): 560–561.
Published: 01 August 2008
... up and down the supply chain. When each link in the chain was a separate market, price was a primary signal of demand across links, but vertical integration, contracting, and government intervention also played important roles. Marcelo Bucheli and Ian Read describe the quintessential vertically...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2013) 93 (2): 282–284.
Published: 01 May 2013
... to be on the street during daytime or nighttime hours. Lipsett- Rivera argues that these spatial effects had both horizontal and vertical dimensions related to security and honor. The horizontal dimension emerges in relation to opposed spaces such as the house and the patio, the house and the street, the town center...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1957) 37 (1): 107.
Published: 01 February 1957
...Willis Knapp Jones Copyright 1957 by Duke University Press 1957 Casacuberta. Un actor bajo la tiranía . By Olazábal Renée Pereyra . Illustrations by Guiomar . Buenos Aires , 1956 . Editorial Guillermo Kraft . Colección Vértice. Pp. 345 . Paper. ...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1978) 58 (4): 765.
Published: 01 November 1978
... and smooth-running, although several forces (social mobility, tax exemption, and private property ownership) were in operation at the time of Pizarro’s arrival promising tranformations to come. The dynamics of economic adaptation to a vertically differentiated and horizontally repetitive geography should...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1979) 59 (3): 573.
Published: 01 August 1979
... near Ayacucho. He argues that manifold exploitation of the vertically differentiated Andean environment, similar to the model described by John Murra for the Inca Empire, provided the economic basis for Wari. Detailed stylistic analysis of ceramics documents the nature and intensity of interaction...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1961) 41 (2): 308.
Published: 01 May 1961
... studied the character of the people, analyzed the Catalan question, the agrarian problem, the rise of anarchism, the anarco-syndicalists, the Carlists, and socialists. He found that together these split the country “vertically and horizontally, into a number of mutually antagonistic sections,” eventually...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1968) 48 (3): 554.
Published: 01 August 1968
... at young people, but many adults can appreciate the book also, considering the lack of knowledge regarding these areas. There are a few somewhat minor errors which should be mentioned and corrected. Tierra templada (p. 104) is not the only vertical zone with “cultivated fields.” This would be true...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1990) 70 (1): 182–183.
Published: 01 February 1990
... agropastoralism that entailed “vertical” colonization and control of altitudinally dispersed ecological holdings. The latter supposedly supported economically autonomous communities without recourse to trade and merchants. This model has all but ignored the evidence of thriving commerce on the coast, where...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1989) 69 (4): 773–774.
Published: 01 November 1989
...Eul-Soo Pang Teatro de sombras: A política imperial . By Carvalho José Murilo de . São Paulo : Vértice/IUPERJ , 1988 . Photographs. Tables. Notes. Graphs. Appendixes. Bibliography . Pp. 196 . Paper. Copyright 1989 by Duke University Press 1989 The title of Carvalho’s work...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1989) 69 (1): 171.
Published: 01 February 1989
... of their horizontal universe, which consisted of four quadrants, divisions of the city, associated with four cardinal directions. It was also the center of their vertical universe, where the 9 levels of the underworld intersected the 13 levels above the earth. It was where the descent to the deepest level...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1962) 42 (4): 613.
Published: 01 November 1962
... of the possible relationship between carrion feeding and the naked heads of vultures, of the manner in which the Chinese use cormorants for fish catching, or of the fact that the Black Skimmer is the only bird with a vertical pupil, appears in the accounts of these species. Those species for which long quotes...