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lay

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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2013) 93 (1): 67–98.
Published: 01 February 2013
... of religious matters in modern societies. The practice of lay patronage—which was common in America, as it was in Europe for centuries—channeled family wealth into the financial support of certain institutions, which in turn allowed lay patrons to intervene in decisions about religious life. In the case...
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Hispanic American Historical Review (1922) 5 (2): 249–254.
Published: 01 May 1922
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1921) 4 (4): 743–753.
Published: 01 November 1921
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2011) 91 (2): 203–235.
Published: 01 May 2011
... lay at the center of the Revolution of 1814–15 in the southern Andes. This “revolution of the patria” started in Cuzco in 1814 but soon captured Arequipa, Huamanga, and much of Charcas, until its military defeat by royalist forces in 1815. It not only proposed full independence from viceregal control...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2018) 98 (3): 407–438.
Published: 01 August 2018
...Lina Del Castillo Abstract When recognition of independence lay tantalizingly out of reach, officials of the first Colombian republic devoted funds and expertise toward hiring French-trained naturalists for an expedition. These officials' plan to gain diplomatic recognition of Colombia through...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2024) 104 (2): 314–316.
Published: 01 May 2024
... . Copyright © 2024 by Duke University Press 2024 Margaret Chowning's authoritative Catholic Women and Mexican Politics, 1750–1940 argues that, in independent Mexico, women's lay associations not only organized church activities but also created leadership roles for women members, who forged “their own...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1995) 75 (4): 674–675.
Published: 01 November 1995
..., 1838-1918 . By Lai Walton Look . Baltimore : Johns Hopkins University Press , 1993 . Photographs. Maps. Tables. Appendixes. Notes. Bibliography. Index. xxviii, 370 pp. Cloth . $39.95 . Copyright 1995 by Duke University Press 1995 With the decline of slavery in the late 1830s...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2001) 81 (1): 154–155.
Published: 01 February 2001
..., the various types into which they may be divided. The most important distinction is drawn between lay chantries and ecclesiastical chantries. This basic distinction is of great importance because the lay chantry, which was more common, existed in many ways alongside of ecclesiastical authority, while...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1946) 26 (1): 116–124.
Published: 01 February 1946
.... In 1870 connections mention of a projected cable that was to run from New York to Aspin­ wall on the Isthmus of Panama, via Habana and Jamaica. The same newspaper, on August 6 of the following year, referred to the proposal of a certain Mr. Ross to lay a submarine cable from Callao to Panama. The editor...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1975) 55 (4): 776–779.
Published: 01 November 1975
... in the other. If the Portuguese Carmelites were entitled to fly the Portuguese flag in the Upper Amazon missions at a point corresponding to 69°W, then the Philippines, the Moluccas, Borneo, and half of Java lay within the Castilian hemisphere. But likewise, if the Spaniards could lawfully occupy Puerto...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1991) 71 (1): 185–186.
Published: 01 February 1991
... to proselytize while it sought ways to replenish the priesthood. Negrete provides rich detail on Catholic Action, the principal vehicle of the church’s efforts. This reorganized Catholic Action, under ecclesiastical control, unified disparate and sometimes mutually antagonistic lay groups and strengthened...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1973) 53 (1): 27–34.
Published: 01 February 1973
... it was extensive and consisted mostly of real estate. The sale of clerical holdings was regarded as beneficial because it would free mortmain property and thus redistribute the wealth of the Church among lay owners. 3 During the seventeenth century, clerical property in Spanish America had become extensive...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2009) 89 (4): 708–710.
Published: 01 November 2009
... asked the protomedicato in 1870 – 72 to deny licenses to their lay competitors. Nor were relations between doctors and midwives always antagonistic. When women or babies died in childbirth, doctors inevitably blamed midwives, whom the doctors viewed as ignorant. But Zárate looks behind sources...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2022) 102 (2): 370–371.
Published: 01 May 2022
... uprising that sought to distribute them among the peasants. For others, like Alan Knight and Friedrich Katz, they lay in the small villages and mining towns of the Mexican sierras where charismatic strongmen like Pancho Villa shaped a distinct serrano ideology out of a blend of political autonomy...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2016) 96 (1): 179–180.
Published: 01 February 2016
... lay organizations to protect its interests, but, as Espinosa demonstrates, church officials subsequently reined in more radical organizations to reestablish its control. When the church sought a more amicable coexistence with the ruling party in the post-1940 period, middle- and upper-class Catholic...
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Hispanic American Historical Review (2000) 80 (2): 267–298.
Published: 01 May 2000
.... In contrast to the soft internalization through the construction of branches, system building required drastic internalization of market operations that increased the company’s operating costs. It also meant laying extensive rail lines beyond the original territory by either penetrating sparsely populated...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1971) 51 (2): 275–294.
Published: 01 May 1971
... a national system of obligatory, lay education. This decree began an intensive school reform that one writer has called “the golden age of Colombian education.” 3 Periodicals of the day reflected the public concern over primary instruction that characterized this era. Opposition to the reform contributed...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1982) 62 (2): 322.
Published: 01 May 1982
... title on the work, one can validly ask, where is the evidence of research in the Spanish archives to fill in some of the gaps in the earlier history of the institution? The work is primarily a study of the administration of the hospital. Having been founded as a lay institution, it came under...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1981) 61 (1): 198–199.
Published: 01 February 1981
..., José Lins do Rego). Azzi’s study can be understood as the lay complement to, but without the radical slant of, his long section, “A Instituição eclesiástica durante a primeira época colonial,” in História da Igreja no Brasil (1977), by Eduardo Hoonaert et al. Popular Catholicism was dominant...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1981) 61 (4): 735–736.
Published: 01 November 1981
... A major device for assessing the meaning and coherence of a mass of monographic research is to lay it out in the framework of a comprehensive system. Agreement, discrepancy, and simple gap come quickly to view. Such is the creative device that Horst Pietschmann has used to examine the state of knowledge...