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appointment

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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1947) 27 (2): 291–293.
Published: 01 May 1947
...Theodore D. McCown Copyright 1947 by Duke University Press 1947 Indians of the High Andes: Report of the Commission Appointed by the Committee on Coöperation in Latin America to Study the Indians of the Andean Highland, with a View to Establishing a Coöperative Christian Enterprise...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2011) 91 (2): 271–298.
Published: 01 May 2011
...Mark A. Burkholder Abstract “Life without Empire: Audiencia Ministers after Independence” draws upon sources from Spain’s national, regional, and university archives to examine men with audiencia positions in Spain and in the Indies from the end of the sale of appointments in 1750 to 1821. In 1750...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2016) 96 (1): 1–37.
Published: 01 February 2016
...Christoph Rosenmüller Abstract Renewed interest in the linkage between finance and the state has led historians to reexamine corruption. While there is scholarly consensus that the royal sale of appointments ( beneficio ) corrupted governance and weakened royal authority in a stagnant Spanish...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2023) 103 (3): 461–494.
Published: 01 August 2023
.... This body held annual elections to appoint the rector and passed governing rules for the university that allocated academic chairs based on public tenders. The faculty forcefully defended their newly gained autonomy from ecclesiastical and royal authorities, and its representative practices were...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1972) 52 (3): 395–415.
Published: 01 August 1972
...Mark A. Burkholder The foundation for over three decades of creole preponderance on the Audiencia of Lima had been laid in the 1740s. 14 From 1740 through 1751 the Crown appointed eleven oidores or civil judges and three alcaldes del crimen or criminal judges. 15 All of the fourteen...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1981) 61 (4): 651–674.
Published: 01 November 1981
... of the alcalde de crimen ; Juan Fernández, who had served almost a decade in parishes before his appointment to the chapter; and Muñoz, who had served sixteen years before receiving the prebend. 55 These figures come from royal appointment records held in AGI, Indiferente General 2858, 2859, and 2862...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1976) 56 (3): 404–423.
Published: 01 August 1976
... experience into the highest offices of administration for the Indies. 3 The appointments as Secretary of State for the Indies of Baylio Fray Julián de Arriaga after his brief service in Venezuela, José de Gálvez after his visitation in New Spain, and the Marqués de Bajamar following service...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1982) 62 (1): 49–71.
Published: 01 February 1982
... The decision of the Spanish crown in 1633 to begin the systematic sale of high-ranking treasury appointments in the Indies had far-reaching consequences for the administration of royal finance in the Viceroyalty of Peru. The viceregal treasury, centered in Lima, exercised broad powers over financial matters...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1984) 64 (1): 152–153.
Published: 01 February 1984
... sketches of the 697 men named to the colonial audiencias from 1687 to 1821. In their introduction, the authors divide this span of time into three major periods of appointments: 1687-1750 (The Age of Impotence), marked by repeated financial crises, which resulted in the systematic sale of audiencia...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1972) 52 (1): 1–25.
Published: 01 February 1972
... that when an administrator was weak, the court could appropriate much of his power. Finally, the fact that judges received lifetime appointments gave the high court corporate continuity unmatched by the viceroys, who served for shorter periods. In principle, the audiencia could hear appeals against...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2001) 81 (2): 373–374.
Published: 01 May 2001
... 1660 to 1715, the period of greatest sales of appointments to financial offices. Seventy-three percent of the purchasers were peninsulares in contrast to only 22 percent of the ministers who bought appointments to the Audiencia of Mexico during the same years. This peninsular domination of financial...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1970) 50 (3): 538–542.
Published: 01 August 1970
... of the Ward-López connection and that Ward was later appointed to the arbitration commission for just this reason. What proof is there to support such a contention? It seems most unlikely that Ward could have kept all his activities on behalf of Paraguay from the agents of the navigation company. He may...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1969) 49 (3): 489–502.
Published: 01 August 1969
..., that a royal decree was issued establishing a new notariate: the escribano anotador de hipotecas, or “recorder of mortgages,” thus increasing the number of offices in Havana to five. 8 The new office was bestowed on Francisco Hidalgo, who had just been appointed to one of the offices acrecentados...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1970) 50 (1): 52–69.
Published: 01 February 1970
.... The Captain General of Catalonia informed Madrid that radical reform was imperative. 32 A special Junta de Diputados de Comercio, created by Ferdinand in February 1816, called for fiscal reform and the abolition of excises. 33 Although Ferdinand attempted to reorganize the Treasury with the appointment...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1977) 57 (4): 695–701.
Published: 01 November 1977
... Court in Brasilia, consist of well-indexed books containing a page for each judge on which was entered details of his successive appointments. In 1973 this archive had not yet been organized subsequent to its transfer from Rio de Janeiro and we were unable to locate the books for the later Empire...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1968) 48 (3): 365–379.
Published: 01 August 1968
... the obraje and its abuses. The textile mill had become a deeply entrenched microeconomic institution in New Spain. Thus a tedious controversy over jurisdiction ended when both marqués and viceroy agreed to appoint the same man as obraje judge! This pattern was continued by the new viceroy, Francisco...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1962) 42 (1): 130–131.
Published: 01 February 1962
... California. He has also received a Fulbright Research Fellowship award for 1961-1962 for studies with the Museo Naval, Madrid, regarding Spanish naval activities in the Pacific Northwest. Dr. Curtis C. MacDonald has been appointed Associate Professor of Social Science on the faculty of Colorado Woman’s...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1969) 49 (1): 1–26.
Published: 01 February 1969
... another. This situation improved after Brigadier General John H. Russell of the Marine Corps was appointed high commissioner in Haiti in 1922. General Russell received his instructions from the State Department, which assumed full responsibility for American policy in Haiti and authorized him...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1966) 46 (1): 66–77.
Published: 01 February 1966
... of surprisingly competent amateurs, brought into the Foreign Service from a great variety of backgrounds. A good example was Granville Stuart, whom Grover M. Cleveland appointed minister to Uruguay and Paraguay during his second administration. Stuart was a Montana Democrat, a former California gold miner...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1969) 49 (3): 430–453.
Published: 01 August 1969
... notoriously declined. Overhauling the administrative structure of the viceroyalty began in 1776 with the appointment of a visitor-general, José Antonio de Areche. Areche achieved little, partly because of his own ineptitude, but largely because of opposition from conservative forces within the viceroyalty...