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appointment

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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1947) 27 (2): 291–293.
Published: 01 May 1947
...Theodore D. McCown Indians of the High Andes: Report of the Commission Appointed by the Committee on Coöperation in Latin America to Study the Indians of the Andean Highland, with a View to Establishing a Coöperative Christian Enterprise . Edited by Rycroft W. Stanley , Chairman...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2011) 91 (2): 271–298.
Published: 01 May 2011
...Mark A. Burkholder Abstract “Life without Empire: Audiencia Ministers after Independence” draws upon sources from Spain’s national, regional, and university archives to examine men with audiencia positions in Spain and in the Indies from the end of the sale of appointments in 1750 to 1821. In 1750...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2016) 96 (1): 1–37.
Published: 01 February 2016
...Christoph Rosenmüller Abstract Renewed interest in the linkage between finance and the state has led historians to reexamine corruption. While there is scholarly consensus that the royal sale of appointments ( beneficio ) corrupted governance and weakened royal authority in a stagnant Spanish...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1972) 52 (3): 395–415.
Published: 01 August 1972
... positions again. The peninsular Juan del Pino Manrique was appointed to fill the restored post. (San Lorenzo: October 8, 1788), AGS, leg. 72, tít. 190. Even with this appointment, there were eight Americans on the Audiencia in 1788. 61 See Appendix . 62 Tomás González Calderón, judge, Lima...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1981) 61 (4): 651–674.
Published: 01 November 1981
.... Three seemingly unimportant disputes that involved the cathedral chapter in Mexico served to resolve very important questions of power and prestige. The quarrels included a conflict between the chapter and bishop over his power of appointment, a persistent division within the chapter over the role...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1976) 56 (3): 404–423.
Published: 01 August 1976
... in the Seventeenth Century (Madison, 1967), p. 136. 23 Schäfer, El consejo , I, 367. Solórzano was one of only four men with experience on American audiencias that Schäfer reports as having reached the Council of the Indies after an intervening appointment to another Spanish tribunal. The others were Diego...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1982) 62 (1): 49–71.
Published: 01 February 1982
...–febrero 1965), 46-51. 4 Mark A. Burkholder and D. S. Chandler, From Impotence to Authority: The Spanish Crown and the American Audiencias, 1687-1808 (Columbia, 1977). See also Mark A. Burkholder and D. S. Chandler, “Creole Appointments and the Sale of Audiencia Positions in the Spanish Empire...
FIGURES
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1984) 64 (1): 152–153.
Published: 01 February 1984
... sketches of the 697 men named to the colonial audiencias from 1687 to 1821. In their introduction, the authors divide this span of time into three major periods of appointments: 1687-1750 (The Age of Impotence), marked by repeated financial crises, which resulted in the systematic sale of audiencia...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1972) 52 (1): 1–25.
Published: 01 February 1972
... that when an administrator was weak, the court could appropriate much of his power. Finally, the fact that judges received lifetime appointments gave the high court corporate continuity unmatched by the viceroys, who served for shorter periods. In principle, the audiencia could hear appeals against...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2001) 81 (2): 373–374.
Published: 01 May 2001
.... The end of sales of appointment and, after 1720, the emphasis on professional qualifications resulted in different backgrounds of men who became financial officials, but failed, despite various visitas, including the well-known one by José de Gálvez, to transform the financial bureaucracy. For royal...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1970) 50 (3): 538–542.
Published: 01 August 1970
... of the Ward-López connection and that Ward was later appointed to the arbitration commission for just this reason. What proof is there to support such a contention? It seems most unlikely that Ward could have kept all his activities on behalf of Paraguay from the agents of the navigation company. He may...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1969) 49 (3): 489–502.
Published: 01 August 1969
..., that a royal decree was issued establishing a new notariate: the escribano anotador de hipotecas, or “recorder of mortgages,” thus increasing the number of offices in Havana to five. 8 The new office was bestowed on Francisco Hidalgo, who had just been appointed to one of the offices acrecentados...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1970) 50 (1): 52–69.
Published: 01 February 1970
... in February 1816, called for fiscal reform and the abolition of excises. 33 Although Ferdinand attempted to reorganize the Treasury with the appointment of Martín Garay, the increase in taxes to cover anticipated deficits proved highly unpopular. Furthermore, a new cycle of depression frustrated attempts...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1977) 57 (4): 695–701.
Published: 01 November 1977
... were magistrates with over a third of the holders serving concurrently as desembargadores . From Pedro II’s majority in June 1840 to the collapse of the Liberals in September 1848, virtually two-thirds were magistrates, over half desembargadores . In these two decades magistrates were appointed...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1968) 48 (3): 365–379.
Published: 01 August 1968
...Richard E. Greenleaf In establishing the power of Governor Santa Cruz to appoint obraje judges, the Cortés attorney cited as evidence the governor’s commission and power of attorney from the marqués issued in Madrid, July 26, 1592. 13 This document is one of the most minute and comprehensive...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1969) 49 (1): 1–26.
Published: 01 February 1969
... another. This situation improved after Brigadier General John H. Russell of the Marine Corps was appointed high commissioner in Haiti in 1922. General Russell received his instructions from the State Department, which assumed full responsibility for American policy in Haiti and authorized him...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1962) 42 (1): 130–131.
Published: 01 February 1962
... California. He has also received a Fulbright Research Fellowship award for 1961-1962 for studies with the Museo Naval, Madrid, regarding Spanish naval activities in the Pacific Northwest. Dr. Curtis C. MacDonald has been appointed Associate Professor of Social Science on the faculty of Colorado Woman’s...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1966) 46 (1): 66–77.
Published: 01 February 1966
... of surprisingly competent amateurs, brought into the Foreign Service from a great variety of backgrounds. A good example was Granville Stuart, whom Grover M. Cleveland appointed minister to Uruguay and Paraguay during his second administration. Stuart was a Montana Democrat, a former California gold miner...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1969) 49 (3): 430–453.
Published: 01 August 1969
.... Overhauling the administrative structure of the viceroyalty began in 1776 with the appointment of a visitor-general, José Antonio de Areche. Areche achieved little, partly because of his own ineptitude, but largely because of opposition from conservative forces within the viceroyalty. The outbreak...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1978) 58 (2): 314–315.
Published: 01 May 1978
... was purchase. During two great waves of sale of regular, supernumerary and future appointments (1687-1712 and 1740-1750), the Indies tribunals were staffed not merely with a large number of Americans, but even with a great many natives of the district of appointment. One would presume, as did the crown...