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almaden

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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1990) 70 (3): 491–492.
Published: 01 August 1990
...Kendall W. Brown Historia de las minas de Almadén . Vol. 2, Desde 1646 a 1799 . By Tascón Antonio Matilla . Madrid : Sucesores de Rivadeneyra, S. A. , 1987 . Illustrations. Notes. Appendixes . Pp. 491 . Paper . 4,200 pesetas . Copyright 1990 by Duke University Press 1990...
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Published: 01 November 2002
Gráfico 4 Producción y gasto anual de las minas de Almadén, 1717–1802. Gráfico 4. Producción y gasto anual de las minas de Almadén, 1717–1802. More
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Published: 01 November 1972
Graph I MERCURY PRODUCTION: Almaden and Huancavolica, 1570-1810 (annual averages in thousands of quintals) Sources: Kuss, Mémoire d’Almadén , pp. 149-150; Rivero y Ustáriz, Memoria sobre Huancavelica , pp. 154-157. (see note 51). Both sources provide aggregated production totals for unequal More
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1968) 48 (4): 632–641.
Published: 01 November 1968
... of quicksilver from the Almadén mines in Spain with the result that their operations were hampered by inadequate delivery—a frequent occurrence in the seventeenth century. The quicksilver shortage meant that loads of mined silver ore lay for months and even years without processing, thereby deteriorating...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2002) 82 (4): 685–718.
Published: 01 November 2002
...Gráfico 4 Producción y gasto anual de las minas de Almadén, 1717–1802. Gráfico 4. Producción y gasto anual de las minas de Almadén, 1717–1802. ...
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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1980) 60 (3): 492–493.
Published: 01 August 1980
... to their abandoning Almadén in 1645. For the rest of the century, the Councils of the Treasury and the Indies squabbled over administration of the mine, with disastrous results. There was not even money for carts to carry Almadén mercury to Seville for shipment. There were, naturally, attempts to find and exploit...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1972) 52 (4): 545–579.
Published: 01 November 1972
...Graph I MERCURY PRODUCTION: Almaden and Huancavolica, 1570-1810 (annual averages in thousands of quintals) Sources: Kuss, Mémoire d’Almadén , pp. 149-150; Rivero y Ustáriz, Memoria sobre Huancavelica , pp. 154-157. (see note 51). Both sources provide aggregated production totals for unequal...
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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1999) 79 (4): 669–702.
Published: 01 November 1999
... of the miners’ debt to the crown, seem to have had a direct role in provoking the series of reforms that began the year after he wrote them. 24 Bourbon reform of the imperial mercury industry began very early. In 1708 the great mercury mine at Almadén in New Castile was placed under the newly...
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Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1994) 74 (4): 729–730.
Published: 01 November 1994
... there. Chapter 4 delineates the evolution of government policy leading to control over the shipments of mercury (from Almadén in Spain, Huancavélica in Peru, and Chincheo in the Orient) necessary for the amalgamation processing of American silver ore. Chapter 5 follows silver and Jesuits from Peru in China...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1989) 69 (3): 568–569.
Published: 01 August 1989
..., the labor supply at Potosí, or the mercury mines at Huancavelica and Almadén. The last chapter, “The Crown’s Interest in Medicine,” is a general survey of royal patronage and medical practice, especially in the military. It reinforces Goodman’s general themes. While heavy government involvement may have...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1972) 52 (4): 656–657.
Published: 01 November 1972
... following 1630. The causes of this slump were twofold. First, the Crown diverted Almadén mercury, the indispensable ingredient for amalgamation, from Mexico to Peru. Then as miners’ debts to the royal mercury monopoly increased, the Crown foreclosed and virtually bankrupted the industry. Zacatecas did...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (2013) 93 (2): 277–278.
Published: 01 May 2013
... production through the use of mercury, a scarce mineral mined at Huancavelica, Almadén, and Idria — all located within the Hapsburg Empire. The subsequently increased demand for labor led to the introduction of the forced labor draft (the mita ) in 1572 by Viceroy Francisco de Toledo and to the increased...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1973) 53 (2): 309–311.
Published: 01 May 1973
... indexed, that deal with mining, found in the Archivo General de Simancas, 1316-1832. Practically all entries concern mines in Spain and would serve as important sources for those researching the history of such famous mining centers as Guadalcanal and Almadén or the development of Spanish mining...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1978) 58 (1): 87–90.
Published: 01 February 1978
... on the grounds that this would divert investment away from gold and silver production (and, not incidentally, because it would obviate dependence on Almadén). 9 Madrid did not always work in a straight line. One cannot evaluate its intentions as regards the mining industry in Peru (and still less its economic...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1978) 58 (1): 21–40.
Published: 01 February 1978
... in the presidios for those commoners who could meet the requirements of age, height and physical condition. Nobles, on the other hand, customarily were sentenced to banishment and military service since they could not suffer any form of corporal or degrading punishment. 4 For the mines of Almadén see Ruth...
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Published: 01 November 1972
Graph III MERCURY CONSUMPTION: New Spain and Peru, 1560-1700 (five-year totals in thousands of quintals) Sources: Chaunu, Seville et l’Atlantique , VIII, 2:2, 1958-1978; Matilla Tascón, Almadén , pp. 234-235; Lohmann Villena , Huancavelica, pp. 452-455; Bakewell, Silver and Society , pp. 253 More
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1976) 56 (3): 404–423.
Published: 01 August 1976
... had served on the House of Trade and thus met the criteria set forth in the 1776 royal order. 59 In addition, Gaspar Soler y Ruiz had been governor of the Almadén mercury mines. His experience in overseeing the vital flow of mercury to the expanding Mexican silver mines indubitably gave him special...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1982) 62 (3): 460–468.
Published: 01 August 1982
... Torre’s unusual promotion to the Council of the Indies in 1777 no doubt reflected his earlier service as Gálvez’s attorney at court while the visitador was in New Spain. 22 José Agustín Castaño’s appointments as governor of the Almadén mercury mine in 1782 and to the House of Trade in 1785 probably...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1977) 57 (1): 51–68.
Published: 01 February 1977
... 12 22  Cuba, P.R., Trinidad 11 21  Filipinas 1 3  Venezuela 4 2  Nueva Granada, Quito 4 3  Peru, Cuzco 11 0  Chile 0 0  Rio de la Plata, Charcas 3 0  Subtotal 58 56 Mining (incl. Almadén and Azogues) 7 1 TOTALS 257 144...
Journal Article
Hispanic American Historical Review (1997) 77 (3): 377–407.
Published: 01 August 1997
... Bolivia) and in the mercury mines of Huancavelica (Peru), or the convict laborers at Almadén (Spain). Cf. Bakewell, Miners of the Red Mountain ; Jeffrey Cole, The Potosí Mita , 1573-1700: Compulsory Indian Labor in the Andes (Stanford: Stanford Univ. Press, 1985); Enrique Tandeter, Coacción y mercado...