orazio a. ciccarelli teaches Latin American history at the University of Southern Mississippi. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Florida in 1969. He is currently working on a study of Italian activities in Peru during the fascist era, focusing on relations with the Italian community and the regime of Óscar Benavides.

jay kinsbruner is professor of history at Queens College and at the Graduate Center of the City University of New York. He received his Ph.D. from New York University in 1964. His most recent book is Petty Capitalism in Spanish America: The Pulperos of Puebla, Mexico City, Caracas, and Buenos Aires (1987). He is in the process of completing a book on the free people of color of San Juan. He next plans to study Latin American urbanism at the beginning of the continuum, towns of approximately 2,500 people.

sonya lipsett-rivera is assistant professor of history at the State University of New York-College at Cortland. She received her Ph.D. in history from Tulane University in 1988. She is currently working on a monograph entitled Water and Social Conflict in Colonial Puebla.

barbara weinstein is associate professor of history at the State University of New York at Stony Brook. She did her graduate work at Yale University and is the author of The Amazon Rubber Boom, 1850-1920 (1983). Her current project is a study of industrialists and strategies for social control in twentieth-century São Paulo.